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External Features, Bones & Internal Organs. Competency: 9.00 Summarize the major parts of small animals. Objective 9.01. Describe the major external parts of small animals. Basic Anatomy Terminology. Cheek- fleshy side of the face Dewlap- loose skin under the chin

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External features bones internal organs

External Features, Bones & Internal Organs

Competency: 9.00

Summarize the major parts of small animals


Objective 9 01
Objective 9.01

  • Describe the major external parts of small animals


Basic anatomy terminology
Basic Anatomy Terminology

  • Cheek- fleshy side of the face

  • Dewlap- loose skin under the chin

  • Elbow- upper joint of the front leg

  • Flank- fleshy part of the side

  • Foot pad- part that the animal walks on

  • Forearm- front limb just below the elbow

  • Guard hair- longer coarse hair above the shorter under fur (protection)


Basic anatomy terminology1
Basic Anatomy Terminology

  • Hock- tarsal joint halfway up the hind limb

  • Lion- fleshy part of the side under the spinal column

  • Muzzle- projecting jaw (nose and mouth)

  • Nose pad

    • Tip of the nose

    • Used for investigating food and unfamiliar objects

    • Called the nose leather in cats


Basic anatomy terminology2
Basic Anatomy Terminology

  • Rump- upper rounded part of the hindquarter

  • Shoulder- above the elbow of the fore leg

  • Stifle- joint above the hock

  • Thigh- area between the rump and hock

  • Whiskers- long hairs growing near the mouth


Basic anatomy terminology birds
Basic Anatomy Terminology- Birds

  • Crown

    • top of the head

  • Ear covert

    • feathers covering the ears

  • Mandible

    • upper or lower segment of the bill

  • Nape

    • back of the neck

  • Orbital ring

    • ring around the eye


Basic anatomy terminology fish amphibians and reptiles
Basic Anatomy Terminology- Fish, Amphibians, and Reptiles

  • Brille

    • transparent layer covering eyes

    • Eyelid for snakes

  • Fins

    • Web of skin supported with bone or cartilage rods

    • Enables fish to move through water


Basic anatomy terminology fish amphibians and reptiles1
Basic Anatomy Terminology- Fish, Amphibians, and Reptiles

  • Gills

    • Major organ of the respiratory system

    • Breath without lungs

  • Scales

    • Modified portion of the epidermal layer

    • Provides protection

  • Scutes

    • Epidermal scales found on turtles


Objective 9 02
Objective 9.02

  • Define major skeletal parts of small animals


Skeletal system
Skeletal System

  • Axial skeleton

    • vertebral column

    • Ribs

    • Sternum

    • skull


Dog skeleton
Dog Skeleton

http://images.encarta.msn.com/xrefmedia/aencmed/targets/illus/ilt/000f09ca.gif


Dog skeleton1
Dog Skeleton

http://www.ndsu.nodak.edu/instruct/tcolvill/135/images/S23.GIF


Skeletal system1
Skeletal System

  • Pectoral limb

    • front limbs

      • shoulders, legs and feet

      • scapula (shoulder blade)

      • humerus (arm)

      • radius and ulna (forearm)

      • carpals, metacarpals and phalanges (toes)



http://www.biology.ualberta.ca/courses.hp/zoo.225/Catskeleton.jpeghttp://www.biology.ualberta.ca/courses.hp/zoo.225/Catskeleton.jpeg


Skeletal system2
Skeletal Systemhttp://www.biology.ualberta.ca/courses.hp/zoo.225/Catskeleton.jpeg

  • Pelvic limb

    • rear legs and pelvic bones

      • hooks

      • pin bones

      • femur (upper leg bone)

      • tibia and fibula (lower leg bones)

      • Tarsals (hocks)

      • Metatarsals (feet)

      • Phalanges (toes)


Rabbit skeleton
Rabbit Skeletonhttp://www.biology.ualberta.ca/courses.hp/zoo.225/Catskeleton.jpeg

http://www.ext.vt.edu/pubs/foods/458-878/rabbit.gif


Rabbit skeleton1
Rabbit Skeletonhttp://www.biology.ualberta.ca/courses.hp/zoo.225/Catskeleton.jpeg

http://www.avte.net/AVTE2003/contents/anatomy/lab%20animal/rabbit_skeleton.jpg


Skeletal system birds
Skeletal System-Birdshttp://www.biology.ualberta.ca/courses.hp/zoo.225/Catskeleton.jpeg

  • Have some unique bones unlike mammals

    • Most have a skull bone that elongates toward the front of the head

    • Some have a skull with an upper beak fused to it while other birds have hinges on both upper and lower mandibles giving it more flexibility


http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtmlhttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml


Objective 9 03
Objective 9.03http://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml

  • Discuss the role of internal organs in small animals


Major organs and systems
Major organs and systemshttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml

  • Heart

    • major organ in the circulatory system

    • 3 muscle layers


Circulatory system
Circulatory Systemhttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml

  • Myocardium

    • second layer muscle that makes up the thickness of the heart

  • Endocardium

    • thin layer inside myocardium

  • Epicardium

    • thin cover over the myocardium

  • Other parts of the circulatory system are the arteries, capillaries, veins and blood


Layers of the heart
Layers of the Hearthttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml


Heart
Hearthttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml


Circulatory system1
Circulatory Systemhttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml

  • Other parts of the circulatory system are

    • Arteries

    • Capillaries

    • Veins

    • Blood


Circulatory system functions
Circulatory System- Functionshttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml

  • Transports

    • nutrients

    • metabolic waste

    • oxygen

  • Protects against microbes and injury


Kidneys and bladder
Kidneys and Bladderhttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml

  • Part of the excretory system

    • rids the body of waste

    • maintain chemical composition

    • volume of blood

    • regulates tissue fluid


Stomach and intestines
Stomach and Intestineshttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml

  • Major part of digestive system

    • breaks food down into smaller pieces to be used by the body

  • Nutrients are gleaned from these food materials


Lungs
Lungshttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml

  • Part of the respiratory system

    • oxygen is taken in by the nose, passed on to the lungs and then goes into the blood


Nervous system
Nervous Systemhttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml

  • Brains, spinal cord, and nerves

    • Coordinator of all body activities

    • Regulates other systems

    • Controls memory and learning


Reproductive system
Reproductive systemhttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml

  • Ovaries and testes

    • Egg

    • Sperm

  • Help produce new individuals of the same species


Muscular system
Muscular Systemhttp://www.enchantedlearning.com/subjects/birds/printouts/Skeleton.shtml

  • Muscles

    • Movement

    • Posture

    • Support

    • Produces heat


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