Wedges of Separation 1850-1860. Senator Stephen Douglas-Illinois. “There are eleven hundred coming from Platte County to vote and it that ain’t enough we can send five thousand-enough to kill every God-damned abolitionist in the Territory”-Senator David Atchinson Missouri. John Brown.
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“There are eleven hundred coming from Platte County to vote and it that ain’t enough we can send five thousand-enough to kill every God-damned abolitionist in the Territory”-Senator David AtchinsonMissouri
“Your little army, derided for its want of arms, derided for its lack of all the essential material of war, has met the grand army of the enemy, routed it at every point, and it now flies, inglorious in retreat before our victorious columns. We have taught them a lesson in their invasion of the sacred soil of Virginia.”
Jefferson Davis (CSA) after 1st Bull Run
a. Missouri, Kentucky, Delaware, Maryland
2. Offend the racist element in the North
a. Did not want freed slaves to take their jobs
“I would do it if I were not afraid that half the officers would fling down their arms and three more States would rise. “ Lincoln-summer 1861
“We must destroy this army of Grant’s before he gets to the James River. If he gets there, it will become a siege, and then it will be a mere question of time.” Lee, June 1864 to Jubal Early
“We cannot change the hearts of these people of the South, but we can make war so terrible and make them so sick of war that generations will pass away before they again appeal to it.” Sherman
1. Sherman can cut his supply line and move his army faster.
2. Taking supplies from civilians inflicts terror on the civilian population. Union Army burns what they cannot consume.
1. Proves to Confederate citizens that their government is incapable of protecting them.
2. Increases the desertion rate of the Confederate Army as soldiers go home to protect their families.
“The deep waters are closing over us.” Mary Chestnut
When I learned that Sherman’s army was marching through the Salkiehatchie Swamps, making its own roads at the rate of a dozen miles per day and bringing its artillery and wagons with it, I made up my mind that there had been no such army in existence since the days of Julius Caesar.” Joseph Johnston CSA
“Thank God I have lived to see this. It seems to me that I have been dreaming a horrid nightmare for four years, and now the nightmare is over.” Lincoln early April 1865
“The result of last week must convince you of the hopelessness of further resistance. I regard it as my duty to shift from myself the responsibility of any further effusion of blood, by asking of you the surrender of that portion of the Confederate States Army known as the Army of Northern Virginia.” Grant April 7, 1865
“Boys, I have done the best I could for you. Go home now, and if you make as good citizens as you have soldiers, you will do well, and I shall always be proud of you. Goodbye, and God bless.” Lee April 9 1865