the Crisis of the Union 1850-1860. ushc 3.1.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
the Crisisof the Union1850-1860
Evaluate the relative importance of political events and issues that divided the nation and led to civil war, including the compromises reached to maintain the balance of free and slave states, the abolitionist movement, the Dred Scott case, conflicting views on states’ rights and federal authority, the emergence of the Republican Party, and the formation of the Confederate States of America.
Admit Californiaas aFreeState
For the North:
For the South:
The New Mexico Territory:
Slavery in Washington, DC:
STRONGERFugitive Slave Law
PopularSovereigntyin Mexican Cession
Texassells land / Federal Gov. assumes debt
AbolishSlaveTradein Washington, D.C.
The Compromise of 1850 was supposed to be the final compromise between the sections…
and it was – just for different reasons than Clay had intended.
Passed by Wisconsin and other Northern states
De facto Nullification
Harriet Beecher Stowe’s bestselling anti-slavery novel (1852)
Original Illustrations: http://utc.iath.virginia.edu/uncletom/illustra/53illf.html
Mexican War Veteran
“There's nothing left to do but get drunk."
In Kansas and Nebraska Territories on the issue of slavery
“Race to Kansas”
New England Emigrant Aid Society
"He (Henry W. Beecher) believed that the Sharps Rifle was a truly moral agency, and that there was more moral power in one of those instruments, so far as the slaveholders of Kansas were concerned, than in a hundred Bibles. You might just as well. . . read the Bible to Buffaloes as to [pro-slavery settlers]; but they have a supreme respect for the logic that is embodied in Sharp's rifle.”
New York Tribune, 2/8/1856
Rev. Henry Ward Beecher
(H.B. Stowe’s relative)
Lawrence, KS, after the “Sack of Lawrence” by proslavery settlers
(although abolitionists supported the Republican Party)
New England and “Northwest” power base
Northern Whigs +
Northern Free Soil Democrats
US Senator (Mass.)
Rep. Preston Brooks (SC)
Sen. Charles Sumner (MA)
READ Sumner’s Speech
READ Brooks’ Defense
Nativism = Anti-Immigration
St. Augustine’s Church on Fire
NOTE: Antebellum immigrants were mostly from Germany and Ireland.
“I know nothing…”
A Mascot for the Movement
Ted Nugent: A Real American
Click for Article
Ah! Fremont, your sectional Gun has exploded just as I predicted, but my American rifle will bring down that Old Buck.
Oh! Brother Beecher! Our Kansas Gun has bursted and upset our gunner. I’m afraid we put in too big a load.
Confound the Gun! if I can only get out of this muss I’ll stick to preaching and let fire-arms alone.
Pierce’s Minister to Great Britain – abroad during Kan/Neb Act controversy
Sectional Turmoil Escalated
Indecisive concerning secession
Only bachelor to occupy the White House
FACTS OF THE CASE:
Dred Scott, a slave, lived with his master in free territory for two years.
Scott claimed this made him a free man.
When Judges Write the Law
NORTH: “Slave Power” Conspiracy
The South wants to spread slavery throughout the nation
SOUTH: North plans to destroy Southern slavery by igniting slave revolts.
Democratic Party split
Election promptedsecession of states in the Deep South