China. In the 1700s , China enjoyed a favorable balance of trade. The Power of Opium. By 1779, the British East India Company was importing opium into China Within a generation, opium addiction in China became widespread. Mandarin with Opium Pipe.
In the 1700s, China enjoyed a favorable balance of trade.
Mandarin with Opium Pipe
In 1839, a Chinese official demanded that the opium trade in Guangzhou (Canton) stop. The British refused, and war ensued.
Chinese unloading opium from a British ship
The British navy attacks
The signing of the Treaty of Nanjing
aboard the British ship Cornwallis
U.S. Secretary of State John Hay
American, Japanese, and British troops storming Beijing
Signing of the Boxer Protocol
Nationalism increased in China as groups fought to not only rid China of foreigners, but to end centuries of imperial rule.