China
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
Sponsored Links
1 / 40

CHINA PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 128 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

CHINA. Post-Classical China(1000B.C.E-500c.e). Shang - decentralized Zhou(1029-258 B.C.E) “Middle kingdom” (Yangtze to Huang)-ethnocentrism No central gov’t instead alliances with regional princes Qin(221-202 B.C.E)

Download Presentation

CHINA

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


China

CHINA


Post classical china 1000b c e 500c e

Post-ClassicalChina(1000B.C.E-500c.e)


Politics

  • Shang - decentralized

  • Zhou(1029-258 B.C.E)

    • “Middle kingdom” (Yangtze to Huang)-ethnocentrism

    • No central gov’t instead alliances with regional princes

  • Qin(221-202 B.C.E)

    • Shi-huangdi~centralized gov’t, Great wall, Mandate of Heaven, strong unification & expansion south

  • Han(202 B.C.E- 220 C.E.)

    • power=Mandate of Heaven, Civil service exams,

    • Wu Ti- Golden age, kept Huns out, expansion

Politics


Economy

  • Large differences between high and low class

  • Three main groups:

    • Landowning aristocracy & Bureaucrats

    • Laboring peasants and artisans

    • “mean people” unskilled labor jobs

  • Rice, silk, wheat and trade with India + spice islands

  • Merchants had low standing

Economy


Religion

Religion

Confucianism, Daoism, legalism, Buddhism

Confucianism= mutual respect and eventually became the foundation of bureaucracy

-HAN Dynasty somewhat ZHOU

Daoism- balance with nature founded by Laozi

Legalism- Qin dynasty & best gov’t = by force


Culture

Technological advances like calendar, astronomy and seismographs

ART- pottery/calligraphy

Social structure- aristocratic and merit

Patriarchy

High knowledge of science

Mandarin language

Culture


Interaction

Silk road ~ India, Mesopotamia, Greece

Little allances

Spread of Buddhism due to trade with India

Huns

Ethnocentrism~ all non-Chinese= Barbarians

Interaction


Comparison with the outside

Comparison with the outside

China

India

Differences

Emphasis on religion

Mainly Hinduism/Buddhism

Huge market/trade econ

Similarities

Rigid social structure

No slaves

  • Differences

    • Emphasis on Gov’t

    • Confucianism

    • Locked up and small market econ

  • Similarities

    • Rigid social structure

    • No slaves


Post classical time 600c e 1450

POLITICS

After Han, China= three kingdoms: Northern Zhou, Chen, and The Northern Qi

Wendi~ Sui -married daughter to zhou empire

Yangdi~(son of Wendi) milder legal codes, Confucianism, civil service exam~luxury=decline

TANG~ Li Yuan revived bureaucracy, civil service exams

Hereditary aristocracy declined

Tang & Song-Scholar-gentry increased

Post Classical time(600c.e.-1450)


Economic

Grand Canal by Yangdi

Tang promoted Chinese, Buddhist, and Islamic exchange

Merchants traded

Junks

Flying money or credit vouchers

Inventions like wheelbarrow helped plowing, planting, etc

Economic


Religion1

  • Buddhism strong especially Chan or Zen

    • Wide-spread conversions and monasteries

  • Empress Wu= attempt commission Buddhism as state religion

  • Envy of Confucius/ Daoist

    • Mid-9th Cent. Emperor Wuzong= persecution of Buddhism

  • Confucianism flourished in Tang and Song

Religion


Culture1

  • Neo-Confucianism-women=homemakers

    • Confinement of women, chastity for wives

    • Like India widows can’t remarry

    • Foot-binding

  • Song & Tang technology, art &literature

    • Gunpowder, chairs, calculator(abascus) & compass~ Song

  • Scholar-gentry~ artistic and literary creativety

Culture


Interactions

  • Reopening of Silk road

  • Increased interaction with India, Persia, and Central Asia

    • Imports: Horses, Persian rugs, tapestries

    • Exports: silk, textiles, porcelain, paper

  • Merchants traded with other countries and transported it to China

Interactions


Continuites and changes

Continuites and Changes

Continuites

Change

Buddhism became popular during this time period whereas before it was unknown to China

The merchant class’ role became more important to that of Chinese economy.

  • There were multiple continuities like Confucianism based civil service exams and Bureaucracy.

  • Women also continued to have a subordinate role.


Early modern times 1450 1750c e

Early modern Times(1450-1750c.e)

Song dynasty fell to Mongol invasion leading to the Yuan dynasty in 1271 by Kublai Khan

Kublai discontinued civil service exams but surrounded by Confucius, Buddhist, and Taoist scholars

Wife Chabi = promotion of Buddhism


Political

  • Ming dynasty(1368-1644)

    • Founded: Zhu Yuan Zhang revolted against Yuan

    • He eradicated all Mongol evidence like dress(skirts and leather), names

    • Bureaucracy and Confucianism revived

    • Emperor Hongwu=power for himself eradicated ministery

      • Anyone corrupt= public beating

    • Decline of Ming due to political inbalance

Political


Economy1

  • Zhenghe(1405-1423)~ third Ming emperor

    • 7 huge expeditions throughout world: Persia, Arabia, East indies, and East/south of Africa

    • Huge fleets(six times larger than European)

    • Isolation after due to Ethnocentrism, too much money in that it can be used to fix internal problems

  • Trade allowed in Macao and Canton

    • Trade=high Europeans loved silk and spices

    • Also architecture became huge

Economy


Religion2

  • Buddhism rose due to the rise in completion

    • Morality books with lots of merits points for good deeds

    • Hand in hand with Confucianism

  • Daoism

    • Supported by emperor

  • Christianity by Italian Jesuits 1583 Michael Ruggerius & Matteo ricci w/ knowledge of math and Science

Religion


Culture2

Emperor Zhu Yuanzhang promoted art work

Bureaucracy= lots of Scholar-gentry w/ free time pursued art careers

Time of peace meant more display opportunities

Confucianism impacted culture~ sayings, art,etc

Buddhism and Taoism had little impact for not as popular as Confucianism

Culture


Interaction1

Zenghe’s Expedition With huge fleets

Isolationism

Europeans with Christianity flowing into China

Ethnocentrism made Chinese despise foreign rule

Hatred towards Christian converts

Interaction


Continuites and changes1

Continuites and Changes

  • Continuites

    • Confucianism continued to be major belief in China and continued to be the base for civil service examinations.

  • Changes

    • China went from subtly open country to completely isolated country due to the idea of Ethnocentrism.


Modern period 1750 1914

Modern Period(1750-1914)


Politics1

  • Qing Dynasty (or Manchu Dynasty)

    • Last dynasty of China

    • People unhappy since foreign rule

    • Qing= Chinese ideas

  • The Scholar-gentry still in power but Manchus were the main power

  • Mandate of Heaven

Politics


Politics continued

  • Qing fall

    • Corrupted Exam system and bribery started it all

    • Wealthy were put into power again

    • Confucius value waned

    • Poor were neglected so lots of robbery

  • Qing= last dynasty because deprived of needed change, “barbarians”, and crops brought population growth

  • Lin Zexu enforced laws on opium

Politics continued


Economy2

  • Opium

    • Chinese got hooked & officials had no money for infrastructure

    • Lin Zexu enforces laws against opium so British angry

  • Opium war won by british & Chinese ports forced open

  • Taiping Rebellion= Christian prophet Hong Xiuquan Social order, rights to Women, question Confucianism

  • Boxer rebellion = Cixi oust Europe, Japan and America Failed

Economy


Religion3

  • Confucianism is still there but weakening due to corruption

  • Christianity brought into China

    • Chinese despised foreign influence

    • Converts looked down upon

    • Barely excepted after two Italian Christians brought it over

Religion


Culture3

  • Women treated horribly

    • Infanticide

    • Males marry lower class women to keep woman under control

  • Mandate of heaven

  • Art and architecture

Culture


Interactions1

  • Lots of Foreign interaction

    • Europeans

    • This made them realize they are not at the top

    • Technology level low so conquering was easy

  • New religions brought over to China

Interactions


Continuites and changes2

Continuites and Changes

Continuites

Change

China was forced out of the isolation that had once been in action and had to trade with Europeans without their consent.

  • Although there was foreign rule in China, Confucianism still continued to be the main belief that everyone followed.


Opium war

Opium war


I ndustrial age 20 th cent present

Industrial age(20th cent-present)

Present-day Hong kong pictured on the right.


Politics2

  • Beginning= End of Puyi the last of the Qing

  • China in Chaos

  • Students and Teachers factor in China

  • Japan= constant threat~ Revolutionary alliance but failed

  • Japan took German land

  • May 4th= Liberal Democracy movement but students = radical communist

    • 1921 communist party born

    • MAO ZEDONG communist leader considered a hero and ideas of moving forward and cultural revolution

    • DENG XIAOPING promoted economic reform and opened China to the world

Politics


Mao zedong

Mao Zedong


Economic1

  • Technological developments only some

  • Plants used in factories

  • Productivity growth by 1949

    • Match by the growing population of China

  • Foreign trade involvement rose

Economic


Religion4

Confucianism is the most popular still throughout China

Buddhism and Islam in China of the Hui and Uyghur

Freedom of religion

Buddhism widely influential throughout China

Taoist about 300 Taoist temples spread across China

Others are Ancestor soul existence and the Chinese astrology is popular

Religion


Religion5

Religion

  • Buddhism

  • Taoist


Culture4

  • Chinese new year a huge parade

  • Clothing and ornaments like Dragon robe

    • Folk art

  • Chinese zodiac

  • New year market selling fireworks, clothing and usually decorated with lots of lanterns

Culture


Culture5

Culture

Chinese new year

Chinese Zodiac


Interactions2

Foreign trade

Ministry of Foreign affairs like other nations

U.S. used Mainland China as counter to the Soviet Union

China and U.S. are rivals in many areas today including economy

U.S. – China trade largest in the world

Interactions


Continuities and changes

Continuities and Changes

Continuites

Changes

The gov’t went from a single ruler with Mandate of Heaven to slowly developing Communist gov’t.

  • Even through the modern times, Confucianism stays strong as the major belief of most Chinese population today.


  • Login