Department of Administrative Services. Office Ergonomics. A Safe Place to work is not an Accident. Attention must be paid to: Posture Chair Keyboard Mouse Computer Screens Lighting Leg Room Desk Arrangement Daily Routine. Total Safety Culture
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Attention must be paid to:
and the work environment.
A way of thinking about
the design of tools and equipment
the layout of the work environment
the work processErgonomics
A type of injury which relates to some aspect of continuous and/or repetitive work and other such activities.
StaplingHole PunchingOpening MailPaging DocumentsHandwritingOperating CopiersProcessing ReceiptsKeyboardingExtensive Laptop UseExtended Sitting
Cradling TelephoneViewing Computer ScreenUsing MouseHolding Foot on PedalReaching Above ShouldersLifting Above ShouldersPushing/Pulling CartsResting Arms on Hard SurfaceImproper Chairs
ContraceptivesNON-OCCUPATIONAL RISK FACTORS
Stiffness, loss of range of motion
Height:Top of screen at eye level
Position:Directly in front
Distance:18 - 24" away (about an arms length away)
Brightness/Image:Adjustable/clear & sharp
Color/screen:Multi-color/kept cleanTHE MONITOR
Note: The height and distance of the document which
is being copied should be the same as that of the monitor
and share the visual space.
POSITION - The keyboard should be positioned
directly in front of the operator. Moving it to either
side causes fatigue.
HEIGHT - Ideally, allows the operator's upper
and lower arms to be at a 90 degree angle. 15
degrees either way can cause pain and decrease
ANGULATION - The keyboard should be angled at a downward slope or evenly balanced. It can be elevated in the rear 2 1/2 ", if it does not place the wrists in a compromised position.
The work surface is correctly adjusted to the
physical characteristics of the individual when:
1. Arms can be positioned at 90 degrees
2. Tools are arranged to minimize the distance
you have to reach for them
3. There is sufficient room for equipment
4. There is sufficient leg room beneath the desk
– find place a place for all the extra stuff
somewhere other than under the desk
Note: Where the individual's feet can not be
positioned flat on the floor, a footrest should
be made available.