Office Ergonomics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Office ergonomics l.jpg
Download
1 / 43

  • 377 Views
  • Updated On :
  • Presentation posted in: Sports / Games

Office Ergonomics. Presented by the Minnesota Department of Administration Safety and Industrial Hygiene Unit. At the conclusion of today’s course you will:. Be able to identify at least 3 risk factors that contribute to work related injuries.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Office Ergonomics

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


Office ergonomics l.jpg

Office Ergonomics

Presented by the Minnesota Department of Administration

Safety and Industrial Hygiene Unit


At the conclusion of today s course you will l.jpg

At the conclusion of today’s course you will:

  • Be able to identify at least 3 risk factors that contribute to work related injuries.

  • Be able to perform a self evaluation of your own work environment.

  • Be able to describe at least 1 change or modification that you intend to make to your workstation, job or work habits.


Ergonomics ergo work nomos natural law l.jpg

ERGONOMICSERGO,WORK: NOMOS, NATURAL LAW

Ergonomics is the study of the relationship between people, their activities, their equipment, and their environment.


The goal of ergonomics l.jpg

THE GOAL OF ERGONOMICS:

Enhancement of human performance while improving health, comfort, safety, and job satisfaction


Musculoskeletal disorders msd s l.jpg

Musculoskeletal Disorders(MSD’s)

  • Affected Areas

  • back

  • upper extremities

  • lower extremities

  • eyes

  • Symptoms

  • soreness

  • swelling

  • skin discoloration

  • numbness

  • tingling

  • burning

  • radiating pain

  • decreased strength

  • decreased movement

  • Types of Disorders

  • muscles

  • nerves

  • tendons

  • ligaments

  • joints

  • cartilage

  • spinal discs


Work related musculoskeletal disorders wmsd s l.jpg

Work Related Musculoskeletal Disorders(WMSD’s)

  • Musculoskeletal disorders to which the work environment and the performance of work contribute significantly

    or

  • Musculoskeletal disorders that are made worse or longer lasting by work conditions


Common upper extremity injuries l.jpg

Common Upper Extremity Injuries

  • Tendinitis

  • Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

  • Ulnar Nerve Compression

  • Epicondylitis

  • Thoracic Outlet Syndrome

  • Rotator Cuff Impingement


Common back injuries l.jpg

Common Back Injuries

  • Strain/Sprain

  • Disc Bulge

  • Disc Herniation


Eye strain l.jpg

Eye Strain

  • Dry Burning Eyes

  • Blurred Vision

  • Delayed Focusing

  • Altered Color perception

  • Headaches


Stretching l.jpg

Stretching


And more stretching l.jpg

and more stretching..


Slide12 l.jpg

Risk Factors are elements or components of a task that increase the probability of cause or contribution to musculoskeletal disorders.


Occupational and personal risk factors l.jpg

Repetition

Force

Forceful Exertions

Awkward Postures

Static Postures

Contact Stress

Environmental Factors

Psychosocial Issues

Smoking

Medical Factors

Hobbies

Sports

Occupational and Personal Risk Factors


Repetition l.jpg

Repetition

  • Finger movement when keying

  • Finger/hand movement when mousing

  • Head movement between copy and monitor

  • Eye refocusing


Force l.jpg

Force

  • Lifting

  • Carrying

  • Pushing

  • Pulling

  • Poor body mechanics


Forceful exertions l.jpg

Forceful Exertions

  • Pinching

  • Grasping

  • Keying

  • Mousing

  • Writing

  • Stapling


Awkward postures l.jpg

Awkward Postures

  • Poor body mechanics

  • Twisted torso

  • Slouching

  • Neck rotation/side bending

  • Bent wrists

  • Reaching overhead


Static postures l.jpg

Static Postures

  • Prolonged sitting or standing

  • Unsupported back

  • Unsupported arms

  • Neck rotation or side bending

  • Vision fixed or staring


Contact stress l.jpg

Contact Stress

  • Resting the forearm, wrist or hand on hard or sharp surfaces can compress and damage muscles, nerves, and blood vessels.


Environmental issues l.jpg

Environmental Issues

  • Seating

  • Work surface

  • Storage

  • Lighting

  • Air Quality

  • Noise

  • Privacy


Psychosocial issues l.jpg

Psychosocial Issues

  • Interactions with co-workers

  • Job Satisfaction

  • Work Culture

  • Time Pressures

  • Electronic Monitoring

  • Performance Measures


Smoking l.jpg

Smoking

  • Constricted Blood Vessels

  • Reduced Oxygen

  • Coughing (mechanical strain)


Medical factors l.jpg

Medical Factors

  • Previous Injury

  • Illness

  • Hereditary and congenital conditions


Hobbies and sports l.jpg

Hobbies and Sports


Fitting all the pieces together l.jpg

Fitting All The Pieces Together

  • Seating

  • Work surface

  • Keyboard/Mouse

  • Monitor

  • Telephone

  • Additional accessories

  • Work/Rest Schedule

  • Manual Material Handling


Accepted postures l.jpg

Accepted Postures

  • Upright

  • Thighs declined

  • Reclined

  • Standing

  • Move throughout

  • these postures


Sitting basics l.jpg

Sitting Basics

  • Hips slightly higher than knees

  • Feet supported

  • Lumbar support below beltline

  • Back Angle upright or slightly reclined

  • Arms relaxed or supported


Work surface basics l.jpg

Work Surface Basics

  • Designs should be based on job tasks

  • Surfaces should be height adjustable

  • Reading/writing surface 2 inches higher than elbow height

  • Keyboard/mouse surface elbow height.


Keyboard mouse basics l.jpg

Keyboard/Mouse Basics

  • At or slightly lower than elbow height

  • Neutral wrist postures

  • Relax shoulders

  • Use a light touch


Alternative input devices l.jpg

Alternative Input Devices

  • Split keyboard design

  • Vertical or Concave keyboard design

  • Trackball

  • Touchpad

  • Mouse with a supinated angle

  • Always use on a trial basis prior to purchase


Monitor basics l.jpg

Monitor Basics

  • 25-36 inches from eyes

  • At or slightly lower than eye level

  • Direct alignment

  • Avoid glare or contrast from bright light sources


Additional monitor basics l.jpg

Additional Monitor Basics

  • Ambient light levels 20-50 foot-candles

  • Refresh rate 70-80 Hz

  • Dark characters on a light background

  • Clean monitor at least 1x per week


Telephone basics l.jpg

Telephone Basics

  • Avoid cradling the hand set between your shoulder and head

  • Hold the hand set with your non dominate hand.

  • Use a headset or speaker phone when appropriate


Source documents l.jpg

Source Documents

  • Document holder

    • adjacent to monitor

    • between monitor and keyboard

  • Reading/Writing Slope


Additional accessories l.jpg

Additional Accessories

  • Large grip pen/pencil

    • decrease stress on muscles/tendons

  • Wrist rest

    • use only while pausing between key strokes

  • Footrest

    • essential when feet do not touch

    • the floor

    • help promote postural changes


Work rest schedules l.jpg

Work/Rest Schedules

  • Rotate job tasks at least 1x per hour

  • Utilize scheduled breaks

  • Incorporate stretching into daily routine

  • Change postures frequently

  • Get out of your chair


Manual material handling l.jpg

Manual Material Handling

  • Use good body mechanics

  • Know your abilities

  • Push/pull instead of lift/carry

  • Get assistance


Risk factor identification and solutions l.jpg

Risk Factor Identification and Solutions


Risk factor identification and solutions39 l.jpg

Risk Factor Identification and Solutions


Risk factor identification and solutions40 l.jpg

Risk Factor Identification and Solutions


Your responsibilities l.jpg

Encourage functional and effective work environments

Learn and use adjustment features

Organize workflow

Use neutral body postures

Stretch/exercise

Rotate job tasks

Promote positive employee, supervisor relations

Report symptoms promptly

Demonstrate self responsibility and healthy lifestyles

Perform a self evaluation and modify workstation, job or habits

Your Responsibilities


Resources l.jpg

Resources

  • Your agency safety professional

  • Doer's Safety and Industrial Hygiene Website:

    • www.doer.state.mn.us/ei-safih/ergo.htm

  • Videos

  • Interactive CD ROM


Put it together l.jpg

Put It Together


  • Login