Fragstats and landscape metrics
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Fragstats and Landscape Metrics. Bill Dijak Wildlife Biologist/GIS Specialist USDA Forest Service Room 309. Map Projection. UTM, Universal Transverse Mercator. Datum, NAD1927, NAD1983, WGS1984. Missouri use NAD1983, Zone 15, Unit meters. Two forms of GIS data.

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Fragstats and Landscape Metrics

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Fragstats and landscape metrics

Fragstats and Landscape Metrics

Bill Dijak

Wildlife Biologist/GIS Specialist USDA Forest Service

Room 309


Map projection

Map Projection

  • UTM, Universal Transverse Mercator.

  • Datum, NAD1927, NAD1983, WGS1984.

  • Missouri use NAD1983, Zone 15, Unit meters.


Two forms of gis data

Two forms of GIS data

  • Vector data, points lines and polygons usually stored as a shapefile (.shp).

  • Raster data stored as square raster cells or pixels.

  • Each raster cell has a numerical value representing a landscape characteristic and resolution which is the length of the side of the raster cell.

  • ESRI rasters are often referred to as grids.


Examples of raster data

Examples of Raster Data

  • Gap landcover (MORAP)

  • Landsat satellite imagery

  • Digital elevation models (DEM)

  • Digital raster graphics (DRG)

  • Landform


Fragstats 3 3

Fragstats 3.3

  • http://www.umass.edu/landeco/research/fragstats/downloads/fragstats_downloads.html

  • FragSetup33.zip


Fragstats 3 31

Fragstats 3.3

  • Click Fragstats and select Set Run Parameters.


Fragstats and landscape metrics

Class Properties File

Class ID, Class Name, Status, Is Background

1,forest,t,f

2,grassland,t,f

3,cropland,t,f

4,glade,t,f

5,water,t,f

6,urban,f,t

7,wetland,f,t


Patch metrics

Patch Metrics

  • Provide metric information for each and every patch found in the landscape

  • Generate an Enormous amount of information.

  • Are useful for generating information for specific locations on the landscape such as nest locations or point count locations.

  • Example: An area-sensitive species selects patches of forest of some minimum size.


Fragstats and landscape metrics

Fragstats: Select Patch Metrics


Fragstats and landscape metrics

Weighting tables can be created in Excel

But must be saved as CSV files

FTABLE,1,2,3,4

1,1,0.8,0,0.4

2,0,1,0.6,0.4

3,0.1,0.2,1,0.5

4,0.3,0.4,0.5,1

Rows represent the focal class, columns

the “with” class


Fragstats and landscape metrics

Fragstats: Select Class metrics


Fragstats and landscape metrics

Fragstats: Select Landscape Metrics


File save as

File: Save as

  • Saves all your parameter settings to one file _______.frg

  • Can be opened and reused using

  • File: Open


Fragstats and landscape metrics

Fragstats: Execute

Executes program using the

parameter files and generates

comma delimited files

.patch

.class

.land

These files can be imported into excel.


Fragstats and landscape metrics

HELP!


So what metrics do i need

So, what metrics do I need?

  • It depends on what landscape charateristics you believe are impacting your species of intererst.

  • Most landscape scale wildlife studies are concerned with the amount and spatial characteristics of habitat.

  • Amount is is determined using pland in the class parameter settings


Nest predation example

Nest predation example

  • Patch area (Area)

  • Patch shape (Shape)

  • Patch core area index% (CAI)

  • Class edge density (ED)

  • Class habitat percentage (Pland)

  • Class aggregation Index (AI)


Area sensitive interior species

Area Sensitive Interior Species

  • Patch area (Area)

  • Patch area standard deviation (Area_CSD)

  • Class habitat percentage (Pland)

  • Class mean patch area (Area_MN)

  • Class patch area variation (Area_SD)

  • Class total core area (TCA)

  • Class core area percent of landscape (CPLAND)


Population viability extinction and recolinization

Population Viability (Extinction and Recolinization)

  • Class habitat percentage (PLAND)

  • Class number of patches (NP)

  • Class largest patch index (LPI)

  • Class mean euclidean nearest neighbor distance (ENN_MN)

  • Class variation in euclidean nearest neighbor distance (ENN_SD)

  • Class Connectance Index (CONNECT)


Questions

Questions

  • Email: [email protected]

  • Do not send email to my missouri.edu email unless you want to wait a few days for a response.


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