Early settlements
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Early Settlements. Jamestown & Plymouth. Jamestown. first permanent settlement in America Established in Virginia in 1607 Established to seek/use/exploit the area’s mineral resources Three ships carried 105 people http://www.apva.org/history/orig.html. Hardships in Jamestown.

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Early Settlements

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Early settlements

Early Settlements

  • Jamestown

  • &

  • Plymouth


Jamestown

Jamestown

  • first permanent settlement in America

  • Established in Virginia in 1607

  • Established to seek/use/exploit the area’s mineral resources

  • Three ships carried 105 people

  • http://www.apva.org/history/orig.html


Hardships in jamestown

Hardships in Jamestown

  • Swampy, low-lying site --impure drinking water, disease, malaria

  • Starving time - winter of 1609-1610 --forced to eat dogs, cats, rats, snakes, toadstools, horsehides, carcasses of dead men

  • 2/3 died from illness & malnutrition

  • No gold


John smith

John Smith

  • Led Jamestown

  • Kept the colony together until 1608 --Jamestown reached its lowest point in the winter 1609-1610

  • Famous connection to Pocahantas (myth - love story)


How did it survive

How did it survive?

  • 1610 -more colonists return

  • Learned to grow tobacco & corn for export

  • Powhatan Native Americans helped


House of burgesses

House of Burgesses

  • 1619 - first meeting held

  • House of Burgesses - first representative legislative body in the New World


Magna carta

Magna Carta

  • 1215 - English nobles forced King John to sign the Great Charter

  • Stated that the kings could not raise taxes without consulting the council of nobles and church leaders

  • This council would lead to the development of Parliament (House of Lords & House of Commons)


Plymouth ma

Plymouth, MA

  • Pilgrims settle Plymouth in 1620 (Cape Cod)

  • Travelled on the Mayflower - 102 men, women & children


Who were the pilgrims

Who were the Pilgrims?

  • Separatists - Protestants who wanted to separate from the Church of England (radical Puritans)

  • Early 1600’s this group of Pilgrims travelled from England to Leiden (Netherlands)

  • Netherlands - allowed to worship freely BUT wanted children to grow up English, not Dutch

  • Non-separatists also traveled to the New World

  • Won a charter to establish a colony in Virginia


Mayflower compact

Mayflower Compact

  • November 11, 1620 - males signed the compact

  • Framework for governing the colony --united into a “civil body politic” of government

  • Agreed to abide by laws that insured the good of the colony

  • Beginning of government by the people in the New World


Life in plymouth

Life in Plymouth

  • Early on they faced starvation BUT Native Americans helped them (Squanto) --showed them how to plant (Pokanokets - Massasoit)

  • Special harvest led to Thanksgiving

  • However, children of Pilgrims will fight with and kill Native Americans

  • Instilled fear in the Native Americans


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