Early English Settlements (pg. 70-73). ENGLAND IN AMERICA England Spain. Spain & England were at war until 1604 because of different religious beliefs.
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ENGLAND IN AMERICA
Spain & England were at war until 1604 because of different religious beliefs.
Defeat of the Spanish Armada opened up sea travel for England and other nations, allowing them to start colonies in North America.
THE LOST COLONY OF ROANOKE
Sir Walter Raleigh claimed Roanoke Island, off the coast of North Carolina, for Queen Elizabeth
1587 –settlers went to Roanoke
John White – leader
White sailed back to England for supplies
Took three years to return to the settlement because of war with Spain
Roanoke Island was deserted and the colonists were never found.
1606- merchants sought charters (document giving the right to settle) to colonize Virginia
1607- The Virginia Company sailed up the James River, named after King James I, and established Jamestown.
Built on a peninsula so it could be easily defended.
Many colonists died from hard labor, disease, hunger, and conflict with the natives.
Captain John Smith led the colonists in Jamestown.
Powhatans turned John Smith back during expeditions for gold, & even captured him.
Smith would have died if Pocahontas, Chief Powhatan’s daughter, had not intervened.
The Jamestown settlement had many conflicts with Natives in the area, resulting in deaths of settlers.
Relations with the Native Americans improved after John Rolfe married Pocahantas.
Native Americans taught settlers to grow native crops such as corn, beans, and squash.
FARMING THE LAND
John Rolfe learned to grow tobacco
Colony of Virginia began to prosper because of the sale of crops
Settlers who paid their own way were granted acres of land; because of this, thousands of people moved to Virginia.
Virginia House of Burgesses
Towns in each colony sent burgesses (representatives) to an assembly to establish laws
July 30, 1619, the House of Burgesses met for the first time
1624- King James made Jamestown the royal colony for England
Find cause and effect relationships about how the early English Settlements were established in America: