Caribbean Nutriton Day Sunday, June 1 2008 Healthy Eating & Active Living: Be Aware of Trans Fats CONTENT Fat in the Diet Fatty Acids Hydrogenation What is trans fat? Why Trans Fats Why are we concerned? Why is trans fat so bad? Where is Trans Fats found? Trans Fats in your Food?
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Sunday, June 1 2008
Healthy Eating & Active Living:
Be Aware of Trans Fats
Fat in the Diet
What is trans fat?
Why Trans Fats
Why are we concerned?
Why is trans fat so bad?
Where is Trans Fats found?
Trans Fats in your Food?
How can you avoid Trans Fat?
What should you eat?
Types of Fats
Fatty Acids (Unsaturated)
HydrogenationWhy Trans Fats?
160 mg/dL is considered a high LDL.
130 mg/dL and lower is a good target for most healthy people.
100 mg/dL is the target if you have other risk factors for heart disease.
70 mg/dL is the target if you already have heart disease.
HDL targetsWith HDL cholesterol, higher is better. HDL helps remove excess cholesterol from your body. Higher levels of HDL are associated with a lower risk of heart disease.
40 to 50 mg/dL is normal for healthy men.
50 to 60 mg/dL is normal for healthy women.
40 mg/dL and lower for men or women is considered risky, and the lower the value, the greater the risk.
TRANS FATWhy Are We Concerned?
Trans fats have an unhealthy effect on your cholesterol levels.
“Good” cholesterolWhy Is Trans Fat So Bad?
A large proportion of fatty acids in foods from animal origin are saturated.
Animal foods may contain cholesterol as well.
A large proportion of fatty acids from plant origin are monounsaturated and polyunsaturated.
Some seafood have large proportion of fatty acids.Where is Trans Fat Found?
Small amounts of trans fat occurs naturally in dairy products, beef, lamb and mutton.
Vegetable oils contain very small amount of trans fat, (formed during the refining process.
Products made using currently available partially hydrogenated vegetable oils contain trans fat:
vegetable shortenings, harder stick margarines,
baked goods, crackers, cakes, pastries, cookies,
snack foods, fried foods, and some fast foods.
candiesWhere is Trans Fat Found?