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Colonization After Champlain PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Life in New France. Colonization After Champlain. Life after Champlain. The area that was colonized was called New France The territory of New France extended from Newfoundland to the Rocky Mountains and from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico. Atlantic Colonies.

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Colonization After Champlain

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Life in new france

Life in New France

Colonization After Champlain


Life after champlain

Life after Champlain

  • The area that was colonized was called New France

  • The territory of New France extended from Newfoundland to the Rocky Mountains and from Hudson Bay to the Gulf of Mexico.


Atlantic colonies

Atlantic Colonies

  • France, Britain and The Netherlands had colonies on the Atlantic Coast

  • They all had portions of land with a capital for each

  • Dutch did not last very long


The thirteen colonies

The Thirteen COlonies

  • British had The Thirteen Colonies on the Atlantic coast

  • It was established between 1607 and 1733

  • Each colony developed its own system of self government

  • The colonies made up current states of the United States


New england colonies

New england Colonies

  • Province of New Hampshire, later New Hampshire

  • Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, later Rhode Island

  • Connecticut Colony, later Connecticut

  • Province of Massachusetts Bay, later Massachusetts and Maine


Middle colonies

Province of New York, later New York and Vermont

Province of New Jersey, later New Jersey

Province Pennsylvania, later Pennsylvania

Delaware Colony, later Delaware

Middle Colonies


Southern colonies

Province of Maryland, later Maryland,

Colony and Dominion of Virginia, later Virginia, Kentucky and West Virginia,

Province of North Carolina, later North Carolina and Tennessee,

Province of South Carolina, later South Carolina,

Province of Georgia, later Georgia

Southern Colonies


Company of 100 associates

Company of 100 Associates

  • A French trading and colonization company created in 1627

  • They capitalized on the North American fur trade

  • They expanded French colonies there


Company of 100 associates1

Company of 100 Associates

  • The company was granted a monopoly to manage the fur trade in the colonies of New France

  • At that time centered around the Saint Lawrence River valley and the Gulf of Saint Lawrence.


Seigneuries

Seigneuries

  • Was the semi-feudal system of land distribution used in the North American colonies of New France.

  • Introduced to New France in 1627 by Cardinal Richelie


Seigneuries1

seigneuries

  • Each piece of land belonged to the king of France

  • Each piece of land was maintained by the landlord, or seigneur


Seigneuries2

seigneuries

  • The seigneurial system was used because the St. Lawrence River was like the "Highway of New France”

  • Enabled settlers with land along the St. Lawrence to be successful


Seigneuries3

The seigneur divided the land further among his tenants

The tenants paid taxes to the seigneur

The river provided water and transportation

The lands were arranged in long narrow strips

Seigneuries


Jesuit missions

Jesuit missions

  • Jesuit Missions started during the 17th century

  • The missions were established as part of the colonizing by France and Spain

  • The Jesuits established their first mission on Penobscot Bay


Jesuit missions1

Jesuit missions

  • The second Jesuit Mission happened on October 25, 1604.

  • The Jesuit Father Pierre Coton requested the General of the Company Claudio Acquaviva to send two missionaries to Terre-Neuve


Jesuit missions2

The two first Jesuits, Pierre Biard and EnemondMassé were able to leave for Port Royal in Acadia

The mission failed in 1613 after a raid by Virginians

Jesuit Missions


Jesuit missions3

The two first Jesuits, Pierre Biard and EnemondMassé were able to leave for Port Royal in Acadia

The mission failed in 1613 after a raid by Virginians

Jesuit missions


Jesuit missions4

Jesuit missions

  • A third mission was built on Mount Desert Island in 1613.

  • On the fourth mission, the Jesuits made plans to move to the banks of the Saint-Laurent river.

  • The fouth mission was established in 1625


Jesuit missions5

Jesuit missions

  • Fathers Charles Lalemant (as Superior), Enemond Massé, Jean de Brébeuf lead the fourth missions

  • This mission failed following the occupation of Québec by English forces in 1629


The hurons

The Hurons

  • The Huron were a group of canadian aboriginal people in the eastern woodlands farmers

  • What was unique about these people was that they were farmers and they had permanent villages


The hurons1

The Hurons

  • The Huron were friends with the Algonquin and French and enimies with the Iroquios and British

  • They were fierce enemies of the Iroquois until the Huron were driven out and they split into two factions.


Huron division

Huron Division

  • Today the group that resides in Ontario are referred to as Huron.

  • The faction that resides in Kansas and Oklahoma are called Wyandot.


Robert la salle

Robert La salle

  • Robert de LaSalle (November 21, 1643 – March 19, 1687) was a French explorer

  • He explored the Great Lakes region of the United States and Canada, the Mississippi River, and the Gulf of Mexico.

  • La Salle claimed the entire Mississippi River basin for France.


Coureur des bois

Coureur des bois

  • They were French-Canadian woodsmen, who travelled to the interior of North America to go in the fur trade

  • They did not have any permission from the French


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