Pencil sketching
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PENCIL SKETCHING

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Pencil sketching

PENCIL SKETCHING

Presentation

by

Dennis L. Law, ASLA

Professor and Dean

College of Architecture, Planning and Design

Kansas State University

Conte Crayon sketch by Dennis Law


Pencil sketching1

PENCIL SKETCHING

  • Equipment

  • Technique

  • Composition

  • Examples

Pencil sketch by Dennis Law


Pencil sketching2

PENCIL SKETCHING

  • Equipment

    • Pencils

    • Sharpening

    • Paper

    • Stump

    • Erasers

Pencil sketch by Dennis Law


Equipment

Equipment

  • Pencils

    • Hardness/softness

      • Hard: 2H, H, & HB

      • Soft: B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B, & 6B

    • Tone varies with paper, atmosphere, brand & subject.


Equipment1

Equipment

  • Sharpening the Pencil

    • Never use a point, but rather use a wedge.

    • Fuzzy wines are the best wines

Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law


Equipment2

Equipment

  • Paper

    • Aquabee Drawing 812 and Strathmore Alexis - rough and gives grained appearance to middle to light tones

Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law


Equipment3

Equipment

  • Paper

    • Aquabee Satin Finish - smooth - surfaced paper for great tones.

    • Video - Expensive but the best

Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law


Equipment4

Equipment

  • Stump

    • Use very seldom

    • Will be demonstrated in class


Equipment5

Equipment

  • Erasers

    • Prefer kneaded eraser

    • A drawing that needs a lot of correction by eraser is not going to be successful.


Pencil sketching3

PENCIL SKETCHING

  • Technique

    • Preventing smudges

    • Portrait versus Landscape

    • Hard to soft

    • Drawing smaller than you see

    • Draw only shadows

    • Composition

Pencil sketch by Dennis Law


Technique

TECHNIQUE

  • Preventing Smudges

    • Build a Bridge

    • Start by laying out drawing with harder leads

    • Start upper left-hand corner (right-handed people

    • Upper right if left-handed

Pencil sketch by Dennis Law


Technique1

TECHNIQUE

  • Portrait versus Landscape

    • Understand principles of composition

    • Portrait is for vertical subjects

    • Landscape is for horizontal subjects

Sketch by Dennis Law


Technique2

TECHNIQUE

  • Pointers

    • Start with hard leads and move to softer as drawing develops

    • Use no more than 3 leads weights

    • Draw smaller than you see

    • Draw only shadows and let white of the paper work

    • Leave white around the drawing for composition


Pencil sketching4

PENCIL SKETCHING

  • Examples

    • Materials

    • Openings

    • Windows

    • Roof

    • Shadows

    • Plant materials

    • Water

Sketch by Dennis Law


Composition

COMPOSITION

  • Examples

    • Materials

    • Openings

    • Windows

    • Roof

    • Shadows

    • Plant materials

    • Water

Sketch by Dennis Law


Examples

EXAMPLES

  • Wood Boards:

    • First, lay in the black tones with soft lead

    • Keep strokes broad and firm. Bear down

    • Sharp strokes to suggest shadows on edge of board

    • A few diagonal strokes to relieve monotony of vertical boards


Examples1

EXAMPLES

  • Openings:

    • Break up dark area with pencil strokes that have a variety of direction and value

    • Leave some touches of clear white paper between some of the strokes


Examples2

EXAMPLES

  • Windows:

    • Always variation in reflected light on windows

    • Windows are generally black

    • Vary darkness between panes

    • Leave areas of white


Examples3

EXAMPLES

  • Roofs:

    • First lay in tones

    • Horizontal lines are predominate

    • Lighten some shingles by erasing with kneaded eraser

    • Darken lower edges to simulate shadows


Examples4

EXAMPLES

  • Shadows:

    • Do not draw a line to show outlines of shadows

    • Shadow darkest at edge of light

    • Shadows are darker than shaded areas

    • Undulate shadows to give depth where appropriate


Examples5

EXAMPLES

  • Plant Materials:

    • Grasses

      • Start with gray lines which represent blades

      • Darken in the shadows at the bottom of the blades

      • Put in seed heads as demonstrated

      • Use sharp lines to cast shadow edge


Examples6

EXAMPLES

  • Plant Materials:

    • Deciduous Trees

      • Lightly (very) draw in basic geometric form

      • Subdivide into leaf masses

      • Cast shadows

      • Draw in truck and major branches (white against shadows, black against sky)

      • Tie to the ground


Examples7

EXAMPLES

  • Plant Materials:

    • Coniferous Trees

      • Begin with light vertical trunk

      • Lightly sketch in branch patterns - steep at top and less steep at bottom

      • Draw needles and shadows

      • Fill in truck

      • Tie to the ground


Examples8

EXAMPLES

  • Plant Materials:

    • Specialty plants

      • Begin with light vertical trunk

      • Lightly sketch in branch patterns - steep at top and less steep at bottom

      • Draw needles and shadows

      • Fill in truck

      • Tie to the ground


Examples9

EXAMPLES

  • Water

    • Start with horizontal strokes, darkest nearest to shoreline

    • Leave white or light areas below object to be reflected.

    • Finish with series of vertical lines, darkest nearest to shore and lighten as you move away

Pencil Sketch by Dennis Law


Exercises

EXERCISES

  • Exercise one:


Exercises1

EXERCISES

  • Exercise two:


Exercises2

EXERCISES

  • Exercise three:


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