Poverty mapping 23 26 july 2001 paris21 workshop for east africa the great horn kampala uganda
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Poverty Mapping 23 - 26 July 2001 PARIS21 Workshop for East Africa & The Great Horn Kampala, Uganda. Poverty Mapping. Why to capture heterogeneity within regions identify geographical factors that influence poverty improve targeting of resources and interventions

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Poverty mapping 23 26 july 2001 paris21 workshop for east africa the great horn kampala uganda

Poverty Mapping23 - 26 July 2001PARIS21 Workshop for East Africa & The Great HornKampala, Uganda


Why to capture heterogeneity within regions identify geographical factors that influence poverty

Poverty Mapping

  • Why

    • to capture heterogeneity within regions

    • identify geographical factors that influence poverty

    • improve targeting of resources and interventions

    • improve communication about poverty conditions

  • Poverty Profile

    • poverty maps are part of poverty profile

    • comprehensive poverty profile needed to balance picture


Why to capture heterogeneity within regions identify geographical factors that influence poverty

Who is poor?

  • 3 Common approaches

    • Money metric

    • Basic Needs

    • Human capabilities


Why to capture heterogeneity within regions identify geographical factors that influence poverty

Method used

  • Used money-metric measure as proxy for household welfare

    • imputed consumption expenditure (obtained by combining census & survey data)

  • Imputation based on readily observable household characteristics e.g. age,sex, race, household assets, access to services, educational status etc

  • obtained poverty rates for 3 levels of geography


National

National


Eastern cape district level

Eastern Cape : District Level


Free state district level

Free State : District Level


Northern province district level

Northern Province : District Level


Kwazulu natal district level

KwaZulu-Natal : District Level


Gauteng district level

Gauteng : District Level


Mpumalanga district level

Mpumalanga: District Level


North cape district level

North Cape : District Level


North west district level

North West : District Level


Western cape district level

Western Cape : District Level


Why to capture heterogeneity within regions identify geographical factors that influence poverty

Where are the poor to be found?

3 md

Bloem

Botshabelo

Thaba Nchu


Why to capture heterogeneity within regions identify geographical factors that influence poverty

What are the major characteristics

of the poor?

Using Census records, the major characteristics of those identified as poor can be obtained e.g.

  • Demographic profile

  • Basic needs profile

  • Human capability profile

  • Data from other service providers eg location of schools, access to public transport, location of clinics is needed to obtain a comprehensive profile.


Why to capture heterogeneity within regions identify geographical factors that influence poverty

Using Poverty Maps

  • Crime analysis

    • socio-economic correlates of crime hot spots

  • Local government resource allocations

    • equitable shares allocation model

  • Cholera outbreak

    • working with health dept to identify communities at risk and inform health education programs


Cholera outbreak in sa

Cholera Outbreak in SA


Why to capture heterogeneity within regions identify geographical factors that influence poverty

Benefits

  • Focus on poor as a group

  • Support design & development of evidence-based poverty reduction strategies

  • Guide to resource allocation

  • Tools for monitoring & evaluating progress

  • Opportunities for national/regional capacity building

  • Opportunities for service providers to offer integrated services


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