Kelby wegwitz s am jewkes 12 08 2012 final presentation
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Music 1010 PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Kelby Wegwitz S am Jewkes 12/08/2012 Final Presentation. Music 1010. Aaron Copland. Born November 14, 1900. Died December 2, 1990. Family. Lived in Brooklyn Russian- Jewish Immigrant family .

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Music 1010

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Presentation Transcript


Sam Jewkes


Final Presentation

Music 1010

Aaron Copland

Born November 14, 1900

Died December 2, 1990


  • Lived in Brooklyn

  • Russian- Jewish

  • Immigrant family

  • Harris and Sarah Copland

  • 5 Children

  • Aaron was Youngest

Piano Lessons

  • Rubin Goldmark, Ludwig Wolfsohn,

Study Abroad

American Conservatory in France 1920-1923

Nadia Boulanger

World Renowned Pianist

Other Influences

Serge Koussevitsky

Copland’s Composition Timeline

Copland’s Compositions and life Achievements

The Good Years

From 1920 ‘s to 1970’s

  • Composed more than 100 pieces

  • Started teaching Berkshire Music Center at Tanglewood

  • Taught at Harvard

  • Wrote Fanfare for the Common Man, Billy the Kid, and Appalachian Trail his most Famous works.

Thus Ends an American Legend

December 2, 1990

Copland 1944

A Brief History


Appalachian Spring

Commisioned Ballet-1943 E. Sprague Coolidge Foundation

Performed and Choreographed by Martha Grahm.

Debuted October 30, 1944

The Title

The Dance

Hart Cane

O Appalachian Spring! I gained the ledge;

Steep, inaccessible smile that eastward bends

And northward reaches in that violet wedge

Of Adirondacks.

The Story

Main Characters

Bride, Groom, Radical Preacher, Congregation, Neighbor

The Story

Copland’s Dinamics

  • 1. VERY SLOWLY. Introduction of the characters, one by one, in a suffused light.

  • 2. FAST. Sudden burst of unison strings in A major arpeggios stars the action. A sentiment both elated and religious gives the keynote to this scene.

  • 3. MODERATE. Duo for the Bride and her Intended--scene of tenderness and passion.

  • 4. QUITE FAST. The Revivalist and his flock. Folksy feelings--suggestions of square dances and country fiddlers.

  • 5. STILL FASTER. Solo dance of the Bride--presentiment of motherhood. Extremes of joy and fear and wonder.

  • 6. VERY SLOWLY (as at first). Transition scenes reminiscent of the introduction.

  • 7. CALM AND FLOWING. Scenes of daily activity for the Bride and her farmer-husband. There are five variations on a Shaker theme . . . sung by a solo clarinet . . .

  • 8. MODERATE. CODA. The Bride takes her place among her neighbors. At the end the couple are left "quiet and strong in their new house." Muted strings intone a hushed, prayer like passage. The close is reminiscent of the opening music.

Listening Guide

  • (click here to Play Piece)

  • 0:00 Introduction of all characters Slow Starts with french horn and is joined by the cello and woodwinds.

  • 1:18 French horns carry the Melody with flutes joining in a polyphonic sound

  • 2:15 2nd Movement-Tempo is doubled and violins start the movement.

  • 2:19 Drums enter the piece for the first time.

  • 2:22 Bassoon and Clarinet echo each other in imitation.

  • 2:58 Low Brass come in and have the piece carry a feeling of busy industry.

  • 3:29 Music Starts to dissolve and flutes carry the melody at 3:53

  • 4:08 Music Turns to a Minor Key

  • 4:27 Minor dissolves and leaves Percussion playing at half tempo

  • 5:07 3rd Movement Starts with the brass section.

  • 5:56 Violins carry melody. Tempos is soft and slow like a romantic moment is shared between the Bride and Groom

Listening Guide (cont)

  • 7:15 Cornet is heard and orchestra mimics in turn.

  • 8:05 4th Movement- Quite Fast with the trumpet leading the piece.

  • 8:57 Duple Meter with the Snare Drum keeping Cadence

  • 10:00 Feeling of celebration continues and a crescendo builds.

  • 10:30 Piece falls to “off Cadence” beat. Copland’s Jazz influences can be seen in this movement.

  • 10:44 Horns reach Crescendo and tempos is half.

  • 11:00 11:40 Diminuendo and is treated as transition music between movements.

  • 11:41 5th Movement- Very short notes with exact lengths very ridged movements. Use of mimicry again

  • 12:13 Fanfare by Trumpets

  • 12:35 Building Crescendo

  • 12:42- 12:53 Drums complete Crescendo

  • 14:21 Dramatic slow down and transition.

Listening Guide (cond)

  • 14:42 6th Movement Starts slow like beginning with the violins.

  • 15:33 Polyphonic with the strings carrying the melody

  • 16:16 Violins flare to make it feel like wind moving.

  • 16:45 1st Variation of “Shaker Hymn" by Joseph Bracket. Lone clarinet holds melody with woodwinds support (mainly the flutes)

  • 17:13 2nd Variation Bassoon starts melody in a different key again with flutes and now clarinets in the back ground. Horns come in half way through just as flute did for clarinet in the first movement.

  • 17:41 3rd Variation Cello picks up Shaker Hymn with a half tempo variation and is joined by every section in the orchestra at 8:13

  • 18:30 4th Variation by the trumpet and brass

  • 18:57 5th and final Variation on Shaker Hymn Played and carried by a mostly unison orchestra with a crescendo.

Works Cited

AppalchianSpring Composed by Aaron Copland.

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