Community Child Protection Exchange Webinar Series 28 August 2013 1.30-2.30pm UK time LEARNING ABOUT CHILDREN IN URBAN SLUMS: A Rapid Ethnographic Study of Community-Based Child Protection Mechanisms in Two Urban Slums in Mombasa, Kenya. The Inter-Agency Learning Initiative.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Community Child Protection Exchange Webinar Series28 August 2013 1.30-2.30pm UK timeLEARNING ABOUT CHILDREN IN URBAN SLUMS: A Rapid Ethnographic Study of Community-Based Child Protection Mechanisms in Two Urban Slums in Mombasa, Kenya
LEARNING ABOUT CHILDREN IN URBAN SLUMS: A Rapid Ethnographic Study of Community-Based Child Protection Mechanisms in Two Urban Slums in Mombasa, Kenya
Mike Wessells, Kathleen Kostelny, Ken Ondoro
Inter-Agency Learning Initiative on Community-Based Child Protection Mechanisms and National Child Protection systems
Funded by PEPFAR
- rapid urbanization globally
- urbanization of poverty
- concentration of very poor people in slum areas
- less known about child protection in urban areas
Participant observation & living in villages
Group discussions—risks and pathways, preventive factors
Key informant interviews: Government, NGO workers, and local leaders
Timelines: childhood, markers, roles
Risk mappings and Body mappings: learning from younger people
A child is 2-12 years.
A child is less than 15 years.
A child is anyone who does not know how to look for food and depends on the mother for everything. (Adult women, group discussion, Msikitini)
To say that this is a child, you look at his brain, his thoughts, his behavior and his age. So a child is from 1 month to 5 years. (Young woman, Msikitini)
‘Most serious’ harms
There are also other people who give children money and every now and then, they keep on buying for them “viazi” for ten shillings. Later on, they call these children inside their houses and start touching them on their private parts. (Adult man, in-depth interview, Gariama)
When your mother dies and then you are taken to stay with your uncle, the uncle will now be the person who buys you everything…. Then after some time, the uncle comes to you and tells you that you have to sleep with him…(Teen girls, Msikitini)
There are parents who use their girls to attract customers and sometimes sell the girls to the customers in exchange for money. (Women, Giriama)
Girls frequently stay in school by allowing abuse by an uncle who pays fees
Differences by gender (‘jig jig’) and religious orientation
Ratings of Sexual Abuse and Exploitation Among Top Three Harms by Different Sub-Groups
When a child is raped she may also contract the disease. Apart from rape most children here engage in careless sexual behaviors and as a result there is widespread cases of AIDS in this area. (Adult women group, Msikitini)
Five to eight years
Nine to thirteen years
- view of police as corrupt
- concern that reporting will not lead to action
- wanting to avoid suspicion or discord with the community
- taboo to report family members
Link work on sexuality, livelihoods, and land rights.
Test and document intervention strategies .
In addressing harms to children, people relied extensively on endogenous, nonformal mechanisms of child protection that need additional support
The success of the Kenyan national child protection system should be gauged in part by how well it cares for and protects the most vulnerable children, including those who live and grow up in urban slums.