Local Planning Process The General Plan. SB 18 Training Program. Jurisdiction in California. Federal Federally Owned Lands Regulation State State Owned Lands Regulation Local General Plan and the Local Planning Process. Local Authority, Land Use.
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Local Planning ProcessThe General Plan
SB 18 Training Program
“The general plan shall consist of a statement of development policies and shall include a diagram or diagrams and text setting forth objectives, principles, standards and plan proposals.” (GC § 65302)
(GC § 65302)
Cities and Counties have the authority to adopt optional elements beyond the 7 required elements:
Examples of Optional Elements Include:
The General Plan is a policy document.
Policies should be developed with input from public and stakeholder groups.
In order to develop sound policies Cities and Counties must first gather data/information.
Adopting a new General Plan or comprehensively updating an existing General Plan can take several years to accomplish. Most jurisdictions go through extensive public participation and outreach in creating a new General Plan or updating an existing one.
“During the preparation or amendment of the general plan, the planning agency shall provide opportunities for the involvement of citizens, California Native American tribes, public agencies, public utility companies, and civic, education, and other community groups, through public hearings and any other means the city or county deems appropriate.”
Goals and Outcomes
Statute requires two public hearings before a jurisdiction can adopt or amend a general plan.
Cities and Counties are encouraged to update/revise their General Plan every 10 years. OPR notifies cities and counties if their General Plan has not been revised in 8 years and notifies the Attorney General of cities and counties that have not revised their General Plan in the last 10 years. (GC § 65040.5)
The age of a General Plan does not necessarily mean it is inadequate.
Amendments (GC§ 65358)
One of the Seven Mandatory Elements.
The open-space element guides the comprehensive and long-range preservation and conservation of “open-space land” (GC § 65563).
“Open-space land” is any parcel or area of land or water that is essentially unimproved and devoted to an open-space use and that is designated for any of the following:
“Every local open-space plan shall contain an action program consisting of specific programs which the legislative body intends to pursue in implementing its open-space plan.”(GC § 65564)
Ideas for action programs to preserve OS:
Specific Plan: “for the systematic implementation of the general plan for all or part of the area covered by the general plan.” (GC § 65450)
Usually a specific plan covers a defined portion of a jurisdiction.
“A specific plan shall be prepared, adopted, and amended in the same manner as a general plan, except that a specific plan may be adopted by resolution or ordinance and may be amended as often as deemed necessary by the legislative body.”
(GC § 65453)