Urban Settlement Patterns. Urban Settlement. Urbanization - the process by which an area changes from being rural to being urban. It includes a great increase in population density and includes expansion of urban functions like manufacturing and services. Urban Settlement.
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Urban Settlement Patterns
The Growth of an Urban Place
The four main reasons that contributed to a
city’s growth are:
1. Manufacturing - manufacturing made sense because there were raw materials (mainly agricultural) that could be used. Markets were also interested in buying the products of the factories - some of these customers were local and others were outside the area and received it by rail
2. Transportation - railways were constructed and allowed people to move to and from the town. It also encouraged the growth of manufacturing
3. Resource Use - clay and mineral deposits led directly to the existence of a town or city. The multiplier effect is a result - ie. a new brick factory opens and employs 100 workers. These workers and their families need housing, schools, stores, banks, restaurants, medical facilities, and other services. In order to supply these, perhaps 900 other workers and their families would come to live in the rapidly growing city. As a result 1200 people would be added to the population because of the 100 jobs opening up in the new factory.
There has been significant movement of people in
Canada between urban and rural areas over time.In
most cases, people in rural areas live in a hamlet,
village, or town. People in urban areas live in a
suburb, city, or metropolis. These different types of
places to live are known as the urban hierarchy
(each one is a larger settlement going up the line
than the one before it).
hamlet village town suburb city metropolis
Why are people leaving the cities to live in smaller towns and villages?