Communication, Symbols, and Meaning. John A. Cagle. David Berlo (1960). Meanings are in people Communication does not consist of the transmission of meanings, but of the transmission of messages Meanings are not in the message; they are in the message-users
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John A. Cagle
SymbolOgden & Richards (1923): Symbols and Semantic Triangle
spoken or written word recognition
THE MAN BITES THE DOG.
Det NP Det NP
The man bites the dog.
BITE (AGENT, EXPERIENCER)
[MAN [+ hum, -teeth ...] DOG [+ anim, +teeth]
My immediate reaction was a pang of great concern— what had happened to my daughter, Jackie, and why did she have to go to the hospital?
Some seconds later I “remembered” Jackie works for the California Transplant Donor Network and her work routinely takes her to several hospitals, including Children’s Hospital.
O the layered complexity of meaning making!An Cryptic Email from My Wife
The greater the frequency with which stimulus events (S-S) or response events (R-R) have been paired in input or output experience of the organism, the greater will be the tendency for their central correlates to activate one another.
There is no limit to the number of sentences or the number of meanings that can be expressed.
A description of a language and a description of a language user must be kept distinct.
There is a large biological component to the human capacity for articulate speech.