Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance
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Ballast Water and the Columbia River: Patterns and Reporting Compliance. Christina Simkanin and Mark Sytsma. Aquatic Bioinvasion Research and Policy Institute. Five Major Ports. Receives ≈ 1,700 arrivals a year . Vessel Arrivals Statistics . 51% from Domestic Ports.

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Ballast Water and the Columbia River: Patterns and Reporting Compliance

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Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Ballast Water and the Columbia River: Patterns and Reporting Compliance

Christina Simkanin and Mark Sytsma

Aquatic Bioinvasion Research and Policy Institute


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

  • Five Major Ports

  • Receives ≈ 1,700 arrivals a year


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Vessel Arrivals Statistics

  • 51% from Domestic Ports

  • 49% from Foreign Ports

  • Majority of arrivals are Bulk Carriers

  • Discharge ≈ 6,300,000 m3 a year

  • 22% of discharge from Domestic Ports

  • 78% of discharge from Foreign Ports


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Vessel Arrivals – last-port-of-call

Arrivals from: 3 oceans, 6 continents, 366 ports, 66 countries

From Dr. Ian Davidson, ABRPI


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Salinity of Ballast Water Source Port

Figure from Noble et al., 2006


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Unexchanged Ballast Water Discharge

  • 91% of BW discharged is exchanged

  • ≈ 567,000 m3 of unexchanged water a year


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Lower Columbia River Survey

  • 81 organisms introduced to the LCR since mid 1800’s

BW: 29 Invertebrates,

1 Aquatic Plant

HF: 8 Invertebrates

From Sytsma et al., 2004


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Columbia River BW Regulations: Management and Reporting

National Invasive Species Act: Mandates Voluntary National BW Program for Foreign arrivals

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Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Columbia River BW Regulations: Management and Reporting

National BW Program Established: Exchange and Reporting Required for Foreign Arrivals

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Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Columbia River BW Regulations: Management and Reporting

Washington Ballast Water Program: Mandatory Exchange and Reporting for Foreign and Domestic Vessels (exchange exemption South of 50˚N to CR)

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Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Columbia River BW Regulations: Management and Reporting

Oregon Ballast Water Program: Mandatory Exchange and Reporting for Foreign and Domestic Arrivals (exchange exemption between 40˚N - 50˚N)

1996

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Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Columbia River BW Regulations: Management and Reporting

USCG Mandatory BW Program: Fines for non-compliance, reporting for Foreign and Domestic arrivals- Exchange for Foreign arrivals only

1996

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Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Reporting Requirements for CR Arrivals

Foreign Arrivals

Domestic/Coastal Arrivals

USCG Regulations

  • 24 hrs. advance of arrival

  • USCG reporting form: electronic/hardcopy

  • National Ballast Information Clearinghouse (NBIC)

OR-WA Regulations

  • 24 hrs. advance of arrival

  • USCG reporting form: hardcopy

  • Merchants Exchange of Portland (PdxMex)

Figure from Ruiz et al., 2001


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Ballast Water Management Reports

  • Vessels submit BW Reports to the NBIC and PdxMex

  • NBIC receives, processes, and analyzes National Ballast Water data.

  • PdxMex reports are forwarded to State Agencies: WDFW and ODEQ. Data is entered and analyzed by WDFW and PSU

  • Redundancy through duplication of effort between the Federal and State Programs


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Reporting Pilot Project

Aim: To demonstrate that through Federal and State collaboration it’s possible to increase the quantity and quality of ballast water data received, and reduce the duplication of effort thereby increasing efficiency.

  • Utilize the already developed and standardized federal data management program (NBIC)

  • Utilize a regional contact (PSU) to follow-up on missing or erroneous reports and inform vessels/agents on reporting requirements.

  • Quantify the differences in compliance rates between the federal and state programs.


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Columbia River Reporting Rates:

Local/State Level

Data Collection

  • BW Reports from PdxMex

  • Vessel arrivals database

  • Agent Contact

  • Record Keeping

  • Quality Control

*Keep in mind that this data includes all of the ports on the Columbia River, does not include Barges, and all state data before 2005 was collected by the WDFW.


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Increasing the Quantity of Data

Reporting Compliance/State Level

Arrivals Submitting Reports

Arrivals Not Submitting Reports

Pilot Project


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Increasing the Quality of Data

Reporting Compliance/State Level

Submitted

No Report

Late/Incomplete

Pilot Project


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Effect of Local Follow-up with Agents

Submitted Before Agent Contact

Submitted After Agent Contact

Not Submitted

2005

2006


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Columbia River Reporting Rates:

Federal Level

Daily Monitoring of Compliance:

  • Hardcopy Reports: Faxed

  • Web interface: Electronic Reporting

  • Currently vessels which do not report Federally are not contacted by the NBIC or PSU.

  • Federal legislation requires that BW data is collected from ships, or their agents, reporting directly to the NBIC and not via an intermediary.

  • Agents contacted for local follow-up are reminded of Federal reporting requirements.


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Web-Based System for Viewing Electronic Submissions to the NBIC


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Reducing Duplication: Increasing Data Efficiency

Monthly Analysis of Compliance:

  • Comparison of reports received by the State and the NBIC

  • NBIC sends PSU monthly data records of the reports received, which are downloaded into a PSU database

  • Data not contained in these data records i.e. vessels which reported to the state but not the NBIC (includes data gained through local follow-up) are manually entered by PSU staff.


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Federal - State Comparison

Pilot Project Began Contacting

Agents for Follow-up

USCG Increases Penalties,

Establishes coastal reporting


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Federal - State Comparison: Increased Data Quality through Local Follow-up

Total Ballast Water Discharged (m3) in the Columbia River Using Three Data Sources


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Results Summary:

Collaboration between the State and Federal programs can lead to:

  • Increased quantity and quality of reports/data

  • Increased reporting compliance over time:

State level:

YES

?

Federal level:

  • Increased data efficiency

These results demonstrate the value of local/regional follow-up to BW data quality; and by decreasing the duplication of effort more time is available for analysis and dissemination of results.


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Conclusion

  • The Columbia River now has one of the most complete ballast water databases in the world (95% of vessels reporting in 2005).

  • Adds to the success of the other ballast water programs on the West Coast:

  • California in 2004, 97% of vessels reporting (Faulkner et al., 2005).

  • Washington, Puget Sound and WA Coastal ports, in 2005, 88% of vessels reporting (WDFW, 2006).


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

For support and collaboration we thank:

This project is funded by the Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission. Assistance and cooperation has been granted by the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, The Merchants Exchange of Portland, and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

For support and collaboration we thank:

This project is funded by the Pacific States Marine Fisheries Commission. Assistance and cooperation has been granted by the Oregon Department of Environmental Quality, The Merchants Exchange of Portland, and the Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife.


Ballast water and the columbia river patterns and reporting compliance

Reducing Duplication: Increasing Data Efficiency

Federal Compliance

Reports Entered Manually into database

Report Submitted


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