The conditional tense and subjunctive mood
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The Conditional Tense and subjunctive mood. Conditional. This used to say what would happen under certain circumstances or if not for other circumstances The conditional tense consists of a form of werden followed by the infinative ich würde wir würden du würdest ihr würdet

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  • This used to say what would happen under certain circumstances or if not for other circumstances

  • The conditional tense consists of a form of werden followed by the infinative


    du würdestihrwürdet



When to use it
When to use it?

  • The conditional tense is being used increasingly in the place of the subjunctive.

  • Siewürden das Hausnichtkaufen- they would not buy the house

  • The conditional is also used as a polite request


    NOTE: The conditional is never used for haben or sein!!

The subjunctive mood
The Subjunctive Mood

  • We all already use this in the modal verbs without realising it

  • Ichmöchte (would like)- this is a form of the subjunctive verb

  • The subjunctive is not a tense as it can be used throughout the tenses

  • The subjunctive is used as an alternative to the conditional tense and is mostly used with modals or in indirect speech and haben/sein


  • Ichhabe Geld- this sentence indicates what?

  • The subjunctive does the opposite

  • It tells the reader what they would have done had they had the money

  • Hätteich das Geld, würdeichnachEuropafahren

A Fact

How is the subjunctive formed
How is the subjunctive formed?

  • Usually formed by putting the verb in to the imperfect tense and adding an umlaut (if possible) and adding an ‘e’ if there is already not one.

  • *** Exception is sollen and wollen- no umlaut is added

Most commonly used with
Most commonly used with

  • They often include clauses with ‘wenn’

  • haben/sein and modal verbs

  • Ichhätte das Besser machenkönnen

  • WennichZeitgehabthätte, wäreich ins Kino gegangen

  • Ichmöchte das machen

  • All other Verbs generally used the conditional instead

  • Wenn das Wetter schönwäre, würdenwirzum Strand gehen

Subjunctive in other tenses
Subjunctive in other tenses

  • Hättest du Lust, mitunszugehen?

  • Ichwäregernmiteuchgegangen

= present

= past

Can you tell the difference
Can you tell the difference?

  • Ichwürdeeskaufen, wennichgenug Geld habe

  • IchhättemeinHausaufgabengemacht, wennichgenugZeithätte

  • Es wäre besser fürmichgewesen, wennichhätteabsagenkönnen

  • Wenn das Wetter schönwäre, würdenwirwanderngehen

= conditional

= subjunctive

= subjunctive

= conditional and subjunctive

Your turn
Your turn

  • If I had not seen it with my own eyes, I would not have believed it

  • If we had time, we would be able to go to the movies

  • If I won 2,000 Euro, I would fly to London

WennichesnichtmiteingnenAugengesehenhätte, hätteichesnichtgeglaubt

WennwirZeithätte, würdenwir ins Kino gehen

Wennich 2,000 Euro winnenwürde, würdeichsofortnach London fliegen