The subjunctive mood
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The Subjunctive Mood. What is the subjunctive?. It is a mood. A mood tells us how an action or condition is conceived by the speaker or writer A mood is not a tense. A tense references when an action or condition takes place.

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The Subjunctive Mood

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The Subjunctive Mood


What is the subjunctive?

  • It is a mood.

  • A mood tells us how an action or condition is conceived by the speaker or writer

  • A mood is not a tense.

  • A tense references when an action or condition takes place.

  • The subjunctive represents an action or condition that is not a fact but is contingent or possible


What do you need to know?

  • How the subjunctive verbs are formed.

  • How to form subjunctive verbs

  • The super irregular verbs

  • The types of verbs that will trigger

  • a subjunctive sentence

  • The structure of a subjunctive sentence


Firstlet’slearnhowto

formthesubjunctive?


The people from The Constructive World of Advanced Spanish say…


An easy way to remember how to conjugate

is to remember:

Go “yo”

Drop the “o”

Add the “oppo” (e,a)

ar verb endings er/ir verb endings

-e -emos -a -amos

-es -éis -as -áis

-e -en -a -an

Don’tforgetaboutthestemchanging and

“go” verbs.


Of Course….

There are six super irregular subjunctive verbs.

They are the only verbs that do not end in “o” when conjugated in the “yo” form of the present tense.


They are easy to remember them because they

spell…

Infinitive Present “yo” Subjunctive “yo”

Dar doydé

I r voyvaya

Ser soy sea

Haber he haya

Estarestoyesté

Saber sésepa


And now let’s explore when and how to use the subjunctive.


Another way to remember what the verbs will likely call for the use of the subjunctive is to remember the word…

W – wishes, desires, imperatives (querer, desear, mandar)

E - emotions (alegrarse de, entristeserse de)

I – impersonal observations (esimportante, esposible)

R – recommendations ( recomendar, aconsejar)

D – doubt, denial, disbelief (dudar, negar, no creer)

O – ojalá – God willing, let’s hope that God…


Let’s review the typical structure of a subjunctive sentence

1ST SUBJECT

1ST VERB IN

THE INDICATIVE

2nd subject

2nd verb in the subjunctive

que


Buster quierequeAlemaniagane el partido de fútbol.


Mi madre no quiere que

coma la fresa.


Esperoquedisfruten el viaje.


Hablando del subjuntivo…


Citations

Segments of:

The Constructive World of Advanced Spanish: Program 07: Subjunctive and Formal Commands. Goldhil.(2002). Retrieved February 12, 2010, fromDiscovery Education: http://streaming.discoveryeducation.com


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