Lecture 7 Leadership. BBA 352 Organizational Behavior Department of Business Administration S.Chan [email protected] http://home.chuhai.hk/~charmaine/. 17- 0.
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Virgin GroupRichard Branson, British entrepreneur, a great leader characterized as fun loving, sensitive to the needs to others, hard working, innovative, charismatic, enthusiastic, energetic, decisive and risk taking.
Leadership Theories1.Trait Theories2.Behavioral Theories3.Contingency Theories4.Leader-Member Exchange Theory
Theories that consider personal qualities and characteristics that differentiate leaders from non-leaderse.g. Thatcher confident, iron willed, determined, decisive- Common description: Charismatic, enthusiastic and courageous, ambition and energy- Leadership Traits: extraversion, conscientiousness and openness and EI proved to be strongly related to leader effectiveness - Leaders who are extraverted (who like being around people and are able to assert themselves), conscientious (who are disciplined and keep commitment they make), open (who are creative and flexible), emotional intelligent (EI, caring others needs, listening & empathetic) are common traits of good leaders-Traits can predict leadership, but they are better at predicting leader emergence than effectiveness.
1. Trait Theories
1. Fiedler’s Model
2. Hersey and Blanchard’s Situational Leadership Theory
3. Path Theory
Four READINESS stages of employees
Not able and not willing to do
Not able but willing to do
Able but not willing to do
Able and willing to do
Four Leadership style
Telling (高任務-低人際關係): what, how, when, where to do
Selling (高任務-高人際關係): directive + supportive
Participating (低任務-高人際關係): facilitating + communicating
Delegating (低任務-低人際關係): little direction or support
A paternal model:
As the child matures, the adult releases more and more control over the situation
As the workers become more ready, the leader becomes more laissez-faire