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Exercise Science. Flexibility Training. Flexibility Training. Flexibility – A joints ability to move freely in every direction or more specifically, through a full and normal range of motion Flexibility – “ It is how stretchy, you are!!” 3 rd Grader Curry Elementary School

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Exercise science

Exercise Science

Flexibility Training


Flexibility training
Flexibility Training

Flexibility – A joints ability to move freely in every direction or more specifically, through a full and normal range of motion

Flexibility – “ It is how stretchy, you are!!”

3rd Grader Curry Elementary School

Tempe, Arizona


Flexibility training1
Flexibility Training

Benefits of Normal, Proper Flexibility

  • Decreased risk of injury (musculoskeletal)

  • Increased Physical efficiency/performance

  • Improve stress management

  • Decreased risk of low-back pain

  • Improved muscular balance and posture

  • Improved proprioception

  • Enhanced quality of life


Flexibility training2
Flexibility Training

How does one improve ones Flexibility??

Stretch!!!

Stretching: The process of attempting to elongate the muscle in question. Stretching will always lengthening the muscle…opposite of contracting process.


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Flexibility Training

Musculoskeletal Components Affected

  • Muscle Bellies

  • Tendons(at the origin and insertion points)

  • Ligaments (on occasion)


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Flexibility Training

Basic Mechanics of Stretching

  • Stretch Reflex(initial response, muscle spindle)

  • Reciprocal Inhibition

  • Autogenic Inhibition (self preservation, last line of defense Golgi Tendon Organ)


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Flexibility Training

  • Stretch Reflex(initial response, muscle spindle )


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Flexibility Training

  • Reciprocal Inhibition


Flexibility training7
Flexibility Training

  • Autogenic Inhibition (self preservation, last line of defense Golgi Tendon Organ)


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Flexibility Training

Types of Stretching

  • Dynamic: pre-activity

  • Static: post-activity


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Flexibility Training

Dynamic Stretching

  • Pre-Activity

  • Regains current ROM

  • Prepares muscles for more vigorous activity

  • Activates neuromuscular connection

  • Increase heart rate (decreases muscular viscosity)


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Flexibility Training

Dynamic Stretching


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Flexibility Training

Static Stretching

  • No Movement (hold)

  • Post-Activity

  • Elongate Muscle (increase flexibility)

  • Relaxing

  • Art Form


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Flexibility Training

Static Stretching


Flexibility training13
Flexibility Training

Factors Affecting Flexibility

  • Age (declines with age)

  • Inactivity (improves w/ activity)

  • Dehydration

  • Gender (?)

  • Body Type (?)

  • Strength &/or Size of Muscles (?)


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Flexibility Training

Homework Assignment


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