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Exercise Science. Flexibility Training. Flexibility Training. Flexibility – A joints ability to move freely in every direction or more specifically, through a full and normal range of motion Flexibility – “ It is how stretchy, you are!!” 3 rd Grader Curry Elementary School

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exercise science

Exercise Science

Flexibility Training

flexibility training
Flexibility Training

Flexibility – A joints ability to move freely in every direction or more specifically, through a full and normal range of motion

Flexibility – “ It is how stretchy, you are!!”

3rd Grader Curry Elementary School

Tempe, Arizona

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Flexibility Training

Benefits of Normal, Proper Flexibility

  • Decreased risk of injury (musculoskeletal)
  • Increased Physical efficiency/performance
  • Improve stress management
  • Decreased risk of low-back pain
  • Improved muscular balance and posture
  • Improved proprioception
  • Enhanced quality of life
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Flexibility Training

How does one improve ones Flexibility??

Stretch!!!

Stretching: The process of attempting to elongate the muscle in question. Stretching will always lengthening the muscle…opposite of contracting process.

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Flexibility Training

Musculoskeletal Components Affected

  • Muscle Bellies
  • Tendons(at the origin and insertion points)
  • Ligaments (on occasion)
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Flexibility Training

Basic Mechanics of Stretching

  • Stretch Reflex(initial response, muscle spindle)
  • Reciprocal Inhibition
  • Autogenic Inhibition (self preservation, last line of defense Golgi Tendon Organ)
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Flexibility Training
  • Stretch Reflex(initial response, muscle spindle )
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Flexibility Training
  • Reciprocal Inhibition
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Flexibility Training
  • Autogenic Inhibition (self preservation, last line of defense Golgi Tendon Organ)
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Flexibility Training

Types of Stretching

  • Dynamic: pre-activity
  • Static: post-activity
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Flexibility Training

Dynamic Stretching

  • Pre-Activity
  • Regains current ROM
  • Prepares muscles for more vigorous activity
  • Activates neuromuscular connection
  • Increase heart rate (decreases muscular viscosity)
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Flexibility Training

Dynamic Stretching

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Flexibility Training

Static Stretching

  • No Movement (hold)
  • Post-Activity
  • Elongate Muscle (increase flexibility)
  • Relaxing
  • Art Form
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Flexibility Training

Static Stretching

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Flexibility Training

Factors Affecting Flexibility

  • Age (declines with age)
  • Inactivity (improves w/ activity)
  • Dehydration
  • Gender (?)
  • Body Type (?)
  • Strength &/or Size of Muscles (?)
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Flexibility Training

Homework Assignment

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