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Chapter 6. Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration. Chapter Objectives. Define curriculum and explain curriculum standards and learning benchmarks Explain technology integration, also called curriculum integration

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Chapter 6 l.jpg

Chapter 6

Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Chapter Objectives

  • Define curriculum and explain curriculum standards and learning benchmarks

  • Explain technology integration, also called curriculum integration

  • Describe the use of computers in computer labs versus classroom instruction

  • Identify ways in which technology can positively influence learning

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Chapter Objectives

  • Identify ways to plan for technology integration

  • Explain various planning tools and instructional models

  • Describe the steps of the ASSURE Model

  • Identify ways to get started using technology at a new school

  • Describe the use of learning centers

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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What is Curriculum?

  • The knowledge, skills, and performance standards students are expected to acquire in particular grade levels

  • Plan or written document

  • Governing associations for educational reforms and regulations include:

    • Federal DOE

    • State DOEs

      (Departments of Education)

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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What is Curriculum?

  • Curriculum Standards and Benchmarks

    • Curriculum standard (goal)

      • Defines what a student is expected to know at certain stages of education

    • Benchmark (objective)

      • Specific, measurable learning objective

  • Curriculum frameworks usually include:

    • Standards or goals (subject-specific) and benchmarks.

    • Activities and evaluation forms

  • Some states and districts have Grade Level Expectations (GLE)

    • Provide the content and skills expected to master

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Curriculum standard (goal)

Defines what students are expected to know at each stage of education.

Benchmark (learning objective)

Measurable learning outcome

Tied to a standard

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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What is Technology Integration?

  • Combining of all technology parts, such as hardware and software, together with each subject-related area of curriculum to enhance learning

  • Establish connections between subject matter and the real world

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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What is Technology Integration?

  • Classroom Integration versus Computer Labs

    • Point of instruction

      • Technology in the classroom at the teachers’ and students’ fingertips

      • Classroom technology makes answers available immediately

    • Computer labs, on the other hand, are nice, but often inconvenient due to scheduling

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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What is Technology Integration?

  • Classroom Integration versus Computer Labs

    • Point of instruction

      • Teachable moments

        • “Windows of opportunity”

        • Potential for greatest comprehension

  • The teacher becomes a “facilitator of learning”

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Most students learn using a combination of several learning styles

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Integrating Technology stylesinto the Curriculum

  • Technology can motivate students’ “desire to learn” and increase class attendance

  • Technology must be integrated into the curriculum

    • Identify goals and focus activities accordingly

    • Develop innovative ways to teach a diverse population of learners with different learning styles

    • Promote an atmosphere where students can create their own learning

    • Use questioning (inquiry) to stimulate problem-solving

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Technology is a tool that creates valuable learning experiences for many different types of learners

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Changing Instructional Strategies experiences for many different types of learners

  • Teachers are shifting from being the dispenser of knowledge to being the facilitator of learning

    • Students can accomplish learning with the teachers’ assistance

    • Learning is not just storage of knowledge, but includes problem solving

    • Classes can now take virtual field trips

      • “Walk” down halls and through doorways

      • “See” everything in 3-D

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration



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Barriers to Technology Integration Integration

  • Lack of teacher training

  • Lack of administration support

  • Limited time for teacher planning

  • Placement of computers in remote locations

  • Budget constraints

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Technology Integration Integrationand the Learning Process

  • The Learning Process

    • Authentic learning

      • Instructional activities that demonstrate real-life connections by associating the concept being taught with a real-life activity or event

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Technology Integration Integrationand the Learning Process

  • The Learning Process

    • Active learning

      • Students become active in the learning process

      • Students are involved and interested in learning

    • Anchored instruction

      • Providing a knowledge base on which students can build

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Technology Integration Integrationand the Learning Process

  • The Learning Process

    • Problem-based instruction

      • Students use the background (anchor) information to solve complex problems

    • Discovery learning

      • Inquiry-based method for teaching and learning

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Technology Integration Integrationand the Learning Process

  • Technology and the Learning Process

    • Numerous technology tools to support many types of instruction and learning

      • Example - Body Works

      • Allows students to build cognitive scaffold (a mental bridge of understanding concepts)

      • Encourages students to think in colors, sounds, and animations

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Technology Integration Integrationand the Learning Process

  • Technology and the Learning Process

    • Numerous technology tools to support many types of instruction and learning

      • The Web

        • Educational equalizer

        • Allows children to experience new educational opportunities

        • Interaction with others outside of the school

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration



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Technology Integration Integrationand the Learning Process

  • Technology and the Learning Process

    • Numerous technology tools to support many types of instruction and learning

      • Cooperative learning

        • Collaborative groupwork

        • Students work in groups to achieve learning objectives

        • Higher-order thinking skills

    • Teachers can use an array of teaching strategies

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration



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The Role of the School District Integration

  • Technology plan

    • Outline of procedure for purchasing equipment and software

    • Training

    • Plans often updated every one to three years

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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The Role of the School District Integration

Mentorship program

  • Teaming new teachers with experienced teachers

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Planning for Technology Integration in the Classroom Integration

  • Decide on most appropriate technology to achieve desired learner outcomes

  • Preparing the classroom environment

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Planning for Technology Integration in the Classroom Integration

  • One-Computer Classroom

    • Maximize effectiveness of one computer

    • Use large screen television for output

    • Projection screens

    • Used to introduce topics rather than specific skills

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Planning for Technology Integration in the Classroom Integration

  • Two-Computer Classroom

    • Develop a strategy to manage both computers

    • Many questions determine strategy

      • Will the computers be configured the same?

      • Web connectivity?

      • Will students rotate through using one or both computer on a daily basis?

      • How much time per student?

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Planning for Technology Integration in the Classroom Integration

  • More Than Two Computers

    • Arrange classroom into learning centers

    • Use planning criteria mentioned previously

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Planning for Technology Integration in the Classroom Integration

  • Using a Computer Lab

    • Advantages

      • One computer per student

      • Hands-on

      • Tutorials

      • Remediation

      • Cooperative learning

      • Computer skill instruction

      • Internet research

      • Whole class instruction

      • Integrated learning systems (ILS)

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Planning for Technology Integration in the Classroom Integration

  • Using A Wireless Mobile Lab

    • Portable cart with wireless notebook computers

    • Can be transported from one classroom to another

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Planning Lessons with Technology Integration

  • Must consider skill levels of students

    • Skill assessment survey

  • Always consider the appropriate technology to achieve desired learner outcomes

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Planning Lessons with Technology Integration

  • KWL Charts

    • Instructional planning chart to assist teachers in identifying curriculum objectives

      • What students Know

      • What students Want to know

      • What the will Learn

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration



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Instructional Models Integration

  • The ASSURE Model

    • Guide for planning and delivering instruction that integrates technologies and media into the teaching process

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Instructional Models Integration

  • The ASSURE Model

    • Analyze the learner

    • State your objectives or identify your objectives or purpose

    • Select Methods, Media, and Materials

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Instructional Models Integration

  • The ASSURE Model

    • Utilizing Methods, Media, and Materials

    • Require Learner Participation

    • Evaluate and Revise

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration



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Getting Started at a New School Integration

  • Information About Technology

    • Find out who else in the school uses technology

    • Determine if there is a technology committee

      • Teacher’s manual

    • Determine where to get technology support

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Getting Started at a New School Integration

  • Technology Training

    • Does the school offer professional development or in-service training

    • Talk to your principal, curriculum coordinator, other teachers, or district technology coordinator

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Getting Started at a New School Integration

  • Hardware

    • Determine how to obtain additional hardware or upgrades

    • Join the technology committee

    • Educational grants

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Getting Started at a New School Integration

  • Software

    • Determine what type of software is available

    • Check the classroom to see what is already installed

    • Special education requirements

    • Procedure for obtaining additional software

    • Is a state bid list available?

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Putting it All Together Integration

  • Creating an Integrated Learning Environment

    • Learning centers

      • Breaks classroom into many types of learning environments

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration



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Putting it All Together Integration

  • The Results of Technology Integration

    • Mr. Balado’s results

      • Creative projects

      • Students were actively involved

      • Higher-level thinking

      • Improved self-esteem, self-confidence, and writing skills

Chapter 6: Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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Chapter 6 Complete Integration

Technology, Digital Media, and Curriculum Integration


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