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IMO Activities to enhance Maritime Security. Captain Kyung – Rae Min Head, Cargoes and Facilitation Section Maritime Safety Division IMO. 11 September 2001. Resolution A.924(22) (20 November 2001).

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IMO Activities to enhance Maritime Security

Captain Kyung – Rae Min

Head, Cargoes and Facilitation Section

Maritime Safety Division

IMO



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Resolution A.924(22)(20 November 2001)

- A call for a review of measures and procedures to prevent acts of terrorism which threatenthe security of passenger and crews and the safety of ships;

- A boost to the Organization’s technical co-operation programme of £1.5 million to help developing countries to address maritime securing issues.



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Diplomatic ConferenceDecember 2002

Conference resolution 1

Amendments to SOLAS

  • Chapter V

  • Chapter XI-1

  • Chapter XI-2


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Diplomatic ConferenceDecember 2002

Conference resolution 2

International Ship &

Port Facility Security Code

(ISPS Code)

Part A – Mandatory

Part B - Recommendatory


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Diplomatic ConferenceDecember 2002 (1)

Other Conference resolutions:

  • Resolution 3 .-Further work by the International Maritime Organization pertaining to the enhancement of maritime security;

  • Resolution 4 .-Future amendments to Chapters XI-1 and XI-2 of the 1974 SOLAS Convention on special measures to enhance maritime safety and security;

  • Resolution 5 .-Promotion of technical co-operation and assistance;

  • Resolution 6 .-Early implementation of the special measures to enhance maritime security;


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Diplomatic ConferenceDecember 2002 (2)

  • Resolution 7 .- Establishment of appropriate measures to enhance the security of ships, port facilities, mobile offshore drilling units on location and fixed and floating platforms not covered by chapter XI-2 of the 1974 SOLAS Convention;

  • Resolution 8 .-Enhancement of security in co-operation with the International Labour Organization;

  • Resolution 9 .-Enhancement of security in co-operation with the World Customs Organization;

  • Resolution 10 .-Early implementation of long-range ship’s identification and tracking; and

  • Resolution 11 .-Human element-related aspects and shore leave for seafarers.


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SOLAS Chapter XI-2 (1)

Regulations:

1 Definitions

  • Application

  • Obligations of Contracting Governments with respect to maritime security

    4 Requirements for Companies and ships

  • Specific responsibility for Companies

  • Ship security alert system


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SOLAS Chapter XI-2 (2)

Regulations:

7 Threats to ships

8 Master’s discretion for ship safety and

security

9 Control and compliance measures

10 Requirements for port facilities

11 Alternative security agreements

12 Equivalent security arrangements

13 Communication of information


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ISPS Code (1)

Preamble

Part A and Part B

1 General (introduction, objectives and

functional requirements) / Introduction

2 Definitions

3 Application

4 Responsibilities of Contracting Governments

5 Declaration of security


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ISPS Code (2)

6 Obligations of the Company

7 Ship security

8 Ship security assessment

9 Ship security plan

10 Records

11 Company security officer

  • Ship security officer

    13 Training, drills and exercises on ship

    security


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ISPS Code (3)

14 Port facility security

15 Port facility security assessment

16 Port facility security plan

17 Port facility security officer

18 Training, drills and exercises on port

facility security

19 Verification and certification for ships


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Rationale

-- Risk management activity

- Appropriate security measures

- Risk assessment

- ISPS Code standard framework

  • evaluating risk

  • change threat level

  • change vulnerability of ships/port facility

  • Functional security requirements for ships and port facilities


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    Responsibilities of Governments (1)

    • Determination of Port Facilities

    • Designated Authorities

    • Recognised Security Organizations

      (RSOs)


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    Responsibilities of Governments (2)

    Three security levels:

    • Security Level 1, normal: at which ships and port facilities normally operate

    • Security Level 2, heightened: applying as long as there is a heightened risk of a security incident

    • Security Level 3, exceptional: applying for the period of time when there is the probable or imminent risk of a security incident


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    Responsibilities of Governments (3)

    • Port Facility Security Assessment

    • Approval of security plans

    • Communication of information


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    Responsibilities of Governments (4)

    • Verification and certification for ships

    • International Ship Security Certificate (ISSC)

    • Seafarer identification document


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    Responsibilities of Governments (5)

    • Port state control

    • Additional control measures


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    Responsibilities of the Company and the Ship (1)

    • Company security officer (CSO)

    • Ship security officer (SSO)

    • Ship security assessment (SSA)

    • Ship security plan(s) (SSP)


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    Responsibilities of the Companyand the Ship (2)

    • International Ship Security Certificate (ISSC)

    • Automatic identification system (AIS)

    • Ship security alert system (SSAS)

    • Declaration of Security (DoS)

    • Training


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    Responsibilities of the Port Facility (1)

    • Port facility security assessment (PFSA)

    • Port facility security officer (PFSO)

    • Port facility security plan(s) (PFSP)


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    Responsibilities of PFSO (1)

    • Operational and physical security measures

    • Respond to security level

    • Declaration of security (DoS)

    • Training


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    PFSP

    ISPS Code

    Company

    Security Officer

    SSP

    Contracting

    Government

    Set Security Level

    Local

    Administrator

    Manage Different

    Security Level

    Request Declaration

    of Security

    Port Facility

    Security Officer

    Ship Security

    Officer

    PFSA

    SSA


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    SOLAS AMENDMENTSAND THE ISPS CODE ENTRY INTO FORCE 1 JULY 2004



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    MSC 77 (1)(May/June 2003)

    • Provision of SSAS – MSC/Circ.1072

    • Directives for MRCCs on acts of violence – MSC/Circ 1073

    • Interim guidelines for the authorization of RSOs – MSC/Circ 1074

    • Revised performance standards for SSAS – MSC.147(77)

    • Amendments to resolution A.890 – Safe Manning


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    MSC 77 (2)(May/June 2003)

    • Guidance on implementation

    • of SOLAS XI-2 and ISPS Code (MSC/Circ.1097)

    • Mobile and immobile floating units

    • International Ship Security Certificate

      • Issuance

      • Subsequent failures or suspension

  • Training and Certification

  • Implementation of the new regime



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    Future Work Programme(1)

    • Long-range identification/tracking

      • Functional requirements

      • Carriage requirements

    • Co-operation between IMO/WCO

    • Co-operation between IMO/ILO

      - Seafarer ID

      - Joint ILO/IMO WG on Port Security


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    Future Work Programme(2)

    - Model courses for CSO, SSO and PFSO

    • Review of resolutions A.787 and A.882 (Port State Control)

    • Guidance on control andcompliance

      - Further guidance on uniform and consistent implementation of SOLAS XI-2 and ISPS


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    Future Work Programme(3)

    - Review of facilitation aspects

    - FAL Forms

    - EDI

    -Review of resolution A.872 – Prevention and suppression of illicit smuggling of drugs


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    Future Work Programme(4)

    • Review of cargo related IMO instruments:

      • Recommendations on the safe transport of dangerous cargoes and related activities in port areas (MSC/Circ.675);

      • IMO/ILO/UNECE Guidelines for packing of CTUs (MSC/Circ.787); and

      • Model course on safe packing of CTUs (3.18)


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    Co-operation IMO / WCO

    • Memorandum of Understanding (MoU)

    • Integrity of the multi-modal transport chain

    • Container examination

    • Container sealing

    • Ship/port interface

    • Exchange of information

    • Project activities

    • Reciprocalrepresentation


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    IMO -

    Safe, secure and

    efficient shipping on

    clean oceans

    www.imo.org


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