Seminar on Measures to Enhance Maritime Security Brussels, 19-20 Nov 2009 Threats to Maritime Security Robert Beckman Director, Center for International Law. Definition of Maritime Security.
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Seminar on Measures to Enhance Maritime SecurityBrussels, 19-20 Nov 2009Threats to Maritime SecurityRobert Beckman Director, Center for International Law
Traditional threats to maritime security include:
Assertive actions in defence of sovereignty claims over disputed off-shore islands or in defence of disputed maritime boundaries
Incidents at sea between a naval power asserting what it believes is its right under UNCLOS to conduct surveys or military activities in the EEZ, and a coastal state which believes it has a right under UNCLOS to regulate such activity
The extended continental shelf submissions made in May 2009 by States in Southeast Asia and East Asia, and the official protests made by other States to those submissions
The submissions and protests laid bare the competing sovereignty claims to islands in the South China Sea which have not been discussed openly for several years
If not handled with prudence and caution, the extended shelf submissions could pose a threat to maritime security in the region
Non-traditional threats to maritime security consist of threats to international commercial shipping, including ships, ports and other facilities
It could also include threats to off-shore installations and submarine cables
In my view it would not include threats to the “maritime domain”, such as IUU fishing and climate change
In my view regional cooperation would be easier if a narrower definition were adopted
Thanks for Your Attention
Prof Robert Beckman
Director, Centre for International Law, NUS