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Comparative Assessment of Road Transport Emission Inventories in Five Metropolitan Areas of South America PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Comparative Assessment of Road Transport Emission Inventories in Five Metropolitan Areas of South America Maria de Fatima Andrade, Eduardo Behrentz , Laura Dawidowski, Laura Gallardo Klenner, Dario Gomez, Mauricio Osses Open Conference of the Global Emissions Inventory Activity Project

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Comparative Assessment of Road Transport Emission Inventories in Five Metropolitan Areas of South America

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Comparative Assessment of Road Transport Emission Inventories in Five Metropolitan Areas of South America

Maria de Fatima Andrade, Eduardo Behrentz, Laura Dawidowski, Laura Gallardo Klenner, Dario Gomez, Mauricio Osses

Open Conference of the Global Emissions Inventory Activity Project

Paris, France

November 29 - December 1, 2006


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Acknowledgements

  • ACCENT European Network of Excellence.

  • IAI.

  • Universidad de Chile.

  • NCAR.


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Bogotá

Santiago

São Paulo

M-cities gather problems and increase vulnerability from health issues to climate change


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Overview

  • IAI-SGPII: UMESAM-2004 (5 cities)

    • Establish an international network of scientists

    • Provide a common and comparable methodology that can be readily applied in SA

  • IAI-CRNII: SAEMC-2006-2010 (+ Mexico)

    • Provide accurate regional emissions and climate change scenarios for SA

    • Establish the basis for operational chemical weather forecast for SA cities.

  • ISSRC-IVE Model: 2001-2006

    • 6 LA cities + 7 worldwide cities


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IVE Phase I: Vehicle Activity


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IVE Phase II: On-road Emissions


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RESULTS FOR BOGOTA


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Local Context


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PM10


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Why do we Focused on Mobile Sources?

  • Mobile sources represent a major fraction of the inventory - about 50% accounting for primary and secondary particulate matter.

  • From an exposure assessment perspective, mobile sources are more important than other sources.


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RESEARCH QUESTIONS - IN BOGOTA -

  • What is the contribution to total emissions by the different vehicle categories of the fleet?

  • Which are the most efficient measures to reduce vehicle emissions in the city?


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Bogotá's Vehicle Fleet


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Passenger Cars

Taxis

Transit buses

Motorcycles

Heavy-duty trucks

Total

Vehicle Activity and Pollutant Emissions in Bogotá


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The problem is the diesel quality


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Inter-city Comparison


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Active Fleet Composition


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Vehicle Technology


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Conclusions

  • Reliable information regarding emissions in cities from LA as well as from other places of the developing world can now be found and used to better understand the impacts of mobile sources.

  • This information will serve policy makers and will eventually translate into better fleet technologies, improved traffic management, and the introduction of fuel quality regulations.


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  • http://saemc.cmm.uchile.cl


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Gracias !

Eduardo Behrentz

[email protected]

Universidad de los Andes

Colombia


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