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Latin America’s push to bring Cuba back into the fold. Professor Jorge Heine The Centre for International Governance Innovation www.cigionline.org. Engaging Cuba:  Policy Options for the United States, Europe, and the Western Hemisphere November 16, 2009 5 th Floor Conference Room

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latin america s push to bring cuba back into the fold

Latin America’s push to bring Cuba back into the fold

Professor Jorge Heine

The Centre for International Governance Innovation

www.cigionline.org

Engaging Cuba:  Policy Options for the United States,

Europe, and the Western Hemisphere

November 16, 2009

5th Floor Conference Room

Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars

9:15 AM – 12:30 PM

cuba as an emblematic issue for latin america and the caribbean

Cuba as an emblematic issue for Latin America and the Caribbean

  • Always been so, but especially so in the course of
  • this decade
  • A post-Cold War environment
  • A more assertive region, with political stability and
  • economic prosperity
  • Diversified diplomatic links and international markets
  • Cuban situation as a relic of an era of regional
  • subordination
an issue which generates unanimous support

An issue which generates unanimous support

  • The Latin American and Caribbean Summit in
  • Costa de Saipe on 16-17 Dec. 08
  • The invitation to Cuba to join the Rio Group
  • The letter signed by all heads of state and
  • government asking the US to end the
  • embargo on Cuba
  • The follow-up with many state visits to
  • Havana
visits to cuba in 2009
Visits to Cuba in 2009
  • So far this year Cuba has received the visits from:
  • President Evo Morales, Bolivia
  • President Fernando Lugo, Paraguay
  • President Martin Torrijos, Panama
  • President Rafael Correa, Ecuador
  • President Cristina Fernández de Kirchner,
  • Argentina
  • President Michelle Bachelet, Chile
  • President Álvaro Colom, Guatemala
  • President Leonel Fernández, Dominican
  • Republic
  • President Manuel Zelaya, Honduras
  • President Hugo Chávez, Venezuela
  • President Daniel Ortega, Nicaragua
  • Prime Minister David Thompson, Barbados
  • and several other Caribbean leaders.
  • ** President Luiz Ignacio Lula da Silva, Brazil, visited in 2008

Source: “Paraguayan president, tenth Latin leader to visit Cuba this year”, MercoPress, 2 June 2009

Available at, http://en.mercopress.com/2009/06/02/paraguayan-president-tenth-latam-leader-to-visit-cuba-this-year

the oas resolution in the san pedro sula meeting in june 2009

The OAS resolution in the San Pedro Sula meeting in June 2009

  • A major breakthrough in lifting the 1962 resolution that had suspended Cuba
mexico s historical position on the cuban question

Mexico’s historical position on the Cuban question

  • Basic principles of Mexican foreign policy
  • Not an issue of Left or Right, but on how to
  • conduct foreign relations
  • Stance of Government of President Felipe
  • Calderón falls squarely in that position
brazil s and chile s strong commitment to bringing cuba back in

Brazil’s and Chile’s strong commitment to “bringing Cuba back in”

  • President Lula visited Cuba twice in 2008,
  • and hosted Costa de Saipe Summit
  • President Bachelet was the first Chilean
  • president to visit Cuba in 37 years (Feb 09)
jamaican prime minister bruce golding s position on cuba

Jamaican Prime Minister Bruce Golding’s position on Cuba

  • Cubans’ sense of ownership of the
  • Revolution
  • Need to respect that and not bet on stirring
  • up further conflicts
  • Start talks between Washington and Havana,
  • but without artificial deadlines
  • or conditions
president obama s latin american policy and the cuban question

President Obama’s Latin American policy and the Cuban question

  • Despite a crowded agenda, some early
  • signals of interest in the region
  • Lack of movement on trade
  • Mixed signals on Honduras
  • Policy toward Cuba as a litmus test
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