The Japanese Empire. Key Terms/Concepts. Nationalism Manchurian Incident Manchukuo – Puppet State Burma Road Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere Economic turmoil => military action. Japanese Nationalism.
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The Japanese Empire
-Like Germany and Italy, Japan became frustrated with international coalitions during the 1920s.
-Economic problems—recessions and political factors—caused radical nationalist groups to emerge.
-Exploding population and economic difficulty created a need for Japan to expand, as it needed more “living space”.
The Manchurian Incident
-Feeling a need for “lebensraum”, a Japanese army unit independently captures Manchuria in 1931-32.
-The Japanese government DID NOT authorize this action, but could not stop it.
-In response, Japan declares Manchuria to be Manchukuo – an “independent” country, run as a puppet state by the Japanese.
Japan Invades China
-Building on success of Manchurian conquest, the Japanese army asserts more control of government.
-In 1937, Japan uses minor Marco Polo Bridge incident as opportunity to attack China and gain more territory.
-U.S. passes Neutrality Acts to remain out of conflict; USSR and Great Britain also stay out of war, but send supplies.
-Britain sends supplies via the Burma Road, a highway linking its territory Burma to China.
Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
-War in Europe distracts European leaders from Asian colonies
-Japan uses this opportunity to expand, seeking natural resources and land.
-Marketing ploy of G.E.A.C.P.S. is to liberate Asia from colonialism; actually, Japan is colonizing Asia for itself.
-Japan joins Axis powers in 1940; signs nonaggression pact with Soviet Union in 1941.
-List similarities between Germany and Japan leading up to World War II
-Complete the map skill on page 583, and question 4 on page 584. A short paragraph for each is acceptable, but please explain your reasoning.
-Your work will be collected for credit at the end of the hour.
-Sections 1, 2, and 3 of the study guide are due for credit on Friday.