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THE JAPANESE EMPIRE. COMMODORE PERRY AND THE BLACK SHIPS. US sends Commodore Matthew Perry and a small fleet to open Japan to trade and diplomatic relations In 1854. Creates tumultuous period of change in Japanese society. MEIJI RESTORATION - 1868.

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commodore perry and the black ships
COMMODORE PERRY AND THE BLACK SHIPS
  • US sends Commodore Matthew Perry and a small fleet to open Japan to trade and diplomatic relations
  • In 1854.
  • Creates tumultuous period of change in Japanese society
meiji restoration 1868
MEIJI RESTORATION - 1868
  • Young emperor takes over; ends era of shoguns
  • Embarks on rapid modernization of all facets of Japanese life.
japan s models for modernization
JAPAN’S MODELS FOR MODERNIZATION
  • Emissaries sent out to West to find best ways to do things:
  • Britain: navy
  • U.S.: factories and technology, education
  • Germany: government
sino japanese war 1895
SINO-JAPANESE WAR - 1895
  • Japan decisively defeats China; gains concessions in Manchuria
russo japanese war 1905
RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR - 1905
  • Japan and Russia in conflict over influence in Korea and Manchuria. Japan claims Korea.
russo japanese war
RUSSO-JAPANESE WAR
  • Japan launches a surprise attack on a Russian concession in Manchuria
battle of tsushima strait
Battle of Tsushima Strait
  • Japanese fleet destroys Russian Pacific fleet in two hours.
japan and korea taiwan
JAPAN AND KOREA & TAIWAN
  • Japan makes Korea and Taiwan full colonies of its empire.
treaty of portsmouth
TREATY OF PORTSMOUTH
  • US President Theodore Roosevelt mediates.
1920s rise of militarism
1920s RISE OF MILITARISM
  • Japan feels cheated after World War I.
  • New emperor – Hirohito
  • Rise of fanatic nationalists and military societies
emperor hirohito
EMPEROR HIROHITO
  • Fanatical loyalty to emperor
step 2 invasion of china 1937
STEP 2 – INVASION OF CHINA 1937
  • Japan invades China; begins conquest
  • Greatly angers US.
  • First step toward World War II in Asia.
japanese atrocities
JAPANESE ATROCITIES
  • RAPE OF NANJING
japan as an axis power
JAPAN AS AN AXIS POWER
  • Joins Germany and Italy in 1938
unit 731
UNIT 731
  • Cruel and barbaric medical experiments on Chinese prisoners and peasants
  • Developed germ warfare weapons
  • Doctors never punished
japanese victories 1942
JAPANESE VICTORIES - 1942
  • Surprise attack worked against Russia in 1905.
  • Japan needed to neutralize American fleet in order to take over Southeast Asia with its resources.
  • Philippines, Indochina, Indonesia, Malaya all fall.
  • Singapore is worst defeat ever suffered by British Army. 150,000 prisoners taken by Japanese.
american bombing
AMERICAN BOMBING
  • All but four major Japanese cities bombed, incl. Tokyo. Many are fire-bombed, many civilians killed.
  • Atomic bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki finally forces unconditional surrender of Japan
  • Reluctance to surrender unconditionally for fear of losing emperor, also loyalty and honor.
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