african trypanosomiasis trypanosoma brucei
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African trypanosomiasis Trypanosoma brucei

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African trypanosomiasis Trypanosoma brucei. Salivarian trypanosome groups. Trypanosoma vivax – Old and New World of large mammals – Mechanical transmission using many vectors Trypanosoma congolense – Old World of large mammals– Mouthpart development in Glossina

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salivarian trypanosome groups
Salivarian trypanosome groups

Trypanosoma vivax – Old and New World of large mammals –

Mechanical transmission using many vectors

Trypanosoma congolense – Old World of large mammals–

Mouthpart development in Glossina

Trypanosoma brucei/evansi –

brucei group includes: T. brucei brucei –nagana in cattle

T. brucei gambiense – chronic or West

African sleeping sickness

T. brucei rhodesiense – acute or East

African sleeping sickness

All have full development in Glossina

evansi group includes: T. evansi – mechanical transmission in

many vectors including

vampire bats

T. equinum – mechanically transmitted

by horse flies

T. equiperdum – sexually transmitted

african trypanosomiasis distribution
African trypanosomiasis - Distribution

West African = Trypanosoma gambiense

East African = Trypanosoma rhodesiense

african trypanosomiasis treatment
African trypanosomiasisTreatment

Suramin - Pentamidine

(early)

Melarsoprol

(late)

DFMO

Aventis Pharm & WHO

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