Birds. Part II. B. External parasites. 1. Red mites – appear as tiny red specks . Symptoms: restlessness and scratching and picking at their feathers. Red mite. 2. Feather mite – small, gray -colored moving specks. Symptoms: restlessness, severe
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1. Red mites – appear as tiny red specks. Symptoms: restlessness and scratching and
picking at their feathers.
2. Feather mite – small, gray-colored moving specks. Symptoms: restlessness, severe
scratching, feather picking, and skin irritation.
3. Scaly face – tunnel into the soft tissues around the beak and face. Symptoms: severe
Symptoms: scaly deposits that become thickened, enlarged, and encrusted.
1. Parrot fever – also called chlamydiosis or psittacosis. Symptoms: nasal discharges,
closing of the eyes, listlessness, appetite loss, weight loss,
greenish-colored diarrhea, and labored breathing.
2. Pullorum disease – caused by the bacteria Salmonella pullorum. Symptoms: not
eating, sleepiness, white pasting of feces around the vent.
3. pullorum. Symptoms: notColibacillosis – caused by the bacteria Escherichia coli. Symptoms: depends on
form; air sac produces cheese like inflammations over the heart, liver and air sacs,
navel infections causes a reddening, swelling, mushiness or wetness around the navel, oviduct infections cause a swelling of the oviduct and a foul smelling discharge.
4. Pasterurellosis – also called fowl wetness around the navel, oviduct infections cause a swelling of the oviduct and a foul smelling discharge.cholera. Symptoms: joint, sinus, nasal, middle ear
or skull infections, fever, depression, anorexia
ruffed feathers, mucous discharges, and difficulty breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics.
5. breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics. Bumblefoot – associated with staphylococcal infections. Symptoms: feet and joints
become hot and swollen with a thick, grayish white fluid,
and not walking or clasping onto perch. breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics.
6. Tuberculosis – caused by breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics. Mycobacterium avium. Usually doesn’t show outward signs, just slow weight loss and deterioration of condition.
D. Viral Disease breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics.
1. Psittacine Beak and feather disease – also called breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics. French molt, viral disease attacks
the immune system.
Symptoms: new breathing. Can be transferred to humans. Treated with antibiotics. feathers do not emerge or may be deformed,
beak and nails may be soft, overgrown, and lose their pigment
2. Newcastle disease – viral disease, respiratory difficulty, tremors, wing droop, twisted
3. Pacheco Parrot’s disease – difficulty, tremors, wing droop, herpes virus. Symptoms: may become lethargic, regurgitate, and have diarrhea.
E. Nutritional Problems difficulty, tremors, wing droop,
1. Goiter – difficulty, tremors, wing droop, iodinedeficiency. Symptoms: swelling of the thyroid glands in the neck and
interfere with breathing.
2. Rickets – calcium, phosphorus, or Vitamin difficulty, tremors, wing droop, D3 deficiency. Symptoms: lameness, stiff-legged gait, or a constant resting in the squatting position, and decreased growth.
Good natural sources of Vitamin D: difficulty, tremors, wing droop, * Cod liver oil (only very tiny amounts needed)
Good natural sources of Calcium:* Cuttlebone* Oyster shells* Bone meal* Spinach* Broccoli
3. difficulty, tremors, wing droop, Candidiasis – Vitamin A deficiency. Early sign: playing with food but not eating.
4. Obesity – too much food, not enough activity or seeds high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets
F. Other Problems high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets
1. Overgrown claws-Use emory board or clippers to trim. high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets
2. Feather plucking – high in fat. Exercise and go to pelletsboredom, diet, needs mate, lack of bathing
G. Symptoms of Problems high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets
1. Sleeping on high in fat. Exercise and go to pelletstwo legs, normally sleeps on only one leg
2. Feathers are fluffed out, could be chilled
3. A digestive ailment, if feces is runny high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets
4. Not flying around, no activity
5. Eye discharges or continually closed are an indication of a cold.
6. Problem breathing either irregular, wheezing or noisy high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets
7. Not eating, or very little eating
Discuss the treatment of bird diseases. high in fat. Exercise and go to pellets
1. Select a healthy bird ailments.
2. Place bird in a dry, warm, draft-free place
3. Subject the bird to little stress
4. No other animals should be around ailments.
5. Quarantine and observation period of at least 3-4 weeks before introducing to other birds.
6. ailments.Sanitation is extremely important – should provide fresh food and water
7. Keep perches and cage clean.
B. Internal parasites ailments.
1. Treat with drugs
C. External parasite ailments.
1. Dust with pyrethrum powder or dipped in an appropriate insecticide
2. Cages and equipment cleaned and disinfected thoroughly.
D. Bacterial Diseases ailments.
1. Feeding antibiotic treated seed or medicine in feed to treat depending on bacteria.
E. Viral Diseases ailments.
1. Depending on disease there are no treatments for some and other need vaccination for
F. Nutritional Problems ailments.
1. Goiter deficiency of iodine in diet feed iodine blocks
2. Rickets deficiency/ imbalance of calcium or phosphorous, feed oyster shell or coarse limestone and supplement of Vitamin D3
4. Obesity- change of diet and exercise.
cockatiel its feather fluffed out.
Note that like most other pets, the manner in which the animal is raised, handled, and kept has a profound effect on the temperament of the animal.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qWjNhUzomKA its feather fluffed out.
Sulphur-Crested its feather fluffed out.
Black Palm its feather fluffed out.
Central & South Africa
Einstein: its feather fluffed out.
Bird: $75 - $200
- Medium-sized brightly colored
parrot native to northeastern
Parakeets: $10 - $25
Canaries: $25 - $150
Finches: $10 - $100
African Grey: $800 - $2000+
Cockatoo: $800 - $5000+
Cockatiels: $75 - $200
Macaws: $1200 - $5000+
Amazons: $800 - $2000+
The End its feather fluffed out.