Birds
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Birds. Feathers – if it has feathers, it’s a bird Feathers are really just modified scales Birds are also known for their beaks (they lack teeth but have a beak), most fly, have hollow bones. American Robin Turdus migratorius. -10-11 inches

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Birds

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Birds

Birds

  • Feathers – if it has feathers, it’s a bird

  • Feathers are really just modified scales

  • Birds are also known for their beaks (they lack teeth but have a beak), most fly, have hollow bones.


American robin turdus migratorius

American Robin Turdusmigratorius

-10-11 inches

-likes to eat fruits and berries along with a variety of inverts including earthworms and insects

-year round resident of the SMESL

-female tends to be duller than the male


Northern cardinal cardinalis cardinalis

Northern Cardinal Cardinaliscardinalis

-smaller than a robin

-eats seeds, insects, fruits and berries

-year round resident of the SMESL

-sexual dimorphism as seen in the picture to the right (male is bright red)


Turkey vulture cathartes aura

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura

-large bird

-primarily eat carrion

-summer resident of Kansas

-females are slightly larger than males


Northern mockingbird mimus polyglottos

Northern Mockingbird Mimuspolyglottos

-about same size as a robin

-eat insects, berries and seeds

-found in SMESL year round except for winter

-distinct white bars on wings seen while in flight

-males tend to be slightly larger than females


American goldfinch carduelis tristis

American Goldfinch Carduelistristis

-smaller than a robin

-loves to eat seeds – especially thistle

-year round SMESL resident, male plumage become dull (like female) outside of breeding season

-

male

female


Mallard anas platyrhynchos

Mallard Anasplatyrhynchos

-Omnivore, eats a wide variety of food

-male is shown on the right, female on the left

-can be found year round in the SMESL but most commonly seen in the Spring around the pond


Red winged blackbird agelaius phoeniceus

Red Winged Blackbird Agelaiusphoeniceus

-slightly smaller than a robin

-omnivorous

-besides the obvious sexual dimorphism, male is larger than the female

-Can be found in the SMESL year round but most often found in the Spring around the pond


Black capped chickadee poecile atricapillus

Black Capped Chickadee Poecileatricapillus

-smaller than a robin

-loves to eat insects and seeds

-year round resident of the SMESL

-males are slightly larger than females


Brown thrasher toxostoma rufum

Brown Thrasher Toxostomarufum

-slightly bibber than a robin

-eats insects, berries, seeds, earthworms, snails and even small lizards

-summer resident of the SMESL


Red tail hawk buteo jamaicensis

Red Tail Hawk Buteojamaicensis

-likes to eat a variety of small mammals but will also eat birds, and reptiles

-”gets” it’s red tail at age 2 when it reaches sexual maturity

-visits the SMESL year round

-males are smaller than females


Cooper s hawk

Cooper’s Hawk

-much smaller than the red tail hawk

-likes to eat birds, especially song birds

-visits the SMESL year round


Barred owl strix varia

Barred Owl Strixvaria

-likes to eat small mammals xush as mice and voles but will eat a wide variety of vertebrates and even insects and slugs

-visitor to the SMESL year round


American crow corvus brachyrhynchos

American Crow Corvusbrachyrhynchos

-omnivorous, eating a wide variety of food. They even will use tools to acquire food

-larger than a robin

-year round resident of the SMESL


Mourning dove zenaida macroura

Mourning Dove Zenaidamacroura

-about the size of a robin

-mostly eats seeds

-found year round in the SMESL

-wings make a whistling as they take to flight


Northern flicker colaptes auratus

Northern Flicker Colaptesauratus

-about the same size as a robin

-year round resident of the SMESL

-as far as woodpeckers go it feeds on the ground very often – mostly eating insects (especially likes to eat ants) but will also eat fruits, berries, seeds and nuts

-yellow shafted (most often found in the SMESL) and red shafted varieties occur in U.S.


Red bellied woodpecker

Red Bellied Woodpecker

-about the same size as a robin

-eats large numbers of wood boring beetles as well as other insects. Also eats acorns, beechnuts and wild fruits

-year round resident of the SMESL


Downy woodpecker

Downy Woodpecker

-smaller than a robin

-resembles the less common and slightly larger Hairy Woodpecker

-Year round resident of the SMESL


Turkey

Turkey

-easy bird to distinguish

-not found in the SMESL from the at least the 1970’s-2000. We now have turkey sightings every year in the SMESL


Grackle

Grackle

-slightly larger than a robin

-often passes through the SMESL in large, noisy groups in the fall and spring but individuals can be found year round


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