The Executive Yuan White Book on Public Safety Management Railroad Tunnel and Underground Station Yard Safety Management Standard Operation Procedure Host: Taiwan Railway Administration Co-host: National Fire Agency Ministry of Interior Department of Rapid Transit Systems, TCG
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The Executive Yuan White Book on Public Safety Management
Railroad Tunnel and Underground Station Yard Safety ManagementStandard Operation Procedure
Host: Taiwan Railway Administration
Co-host: National Fire Agency Ministry of Interior
Department of Rapid Transit Systems, TCG
Taipei Rapid Transit Corporation
Presented by Ray-in Chen
January 14, 2004
One man has committed arson on Train No.1079 at 09:55am on Feb. 18th, 2003.
While Train No.1080 was entering into the platform which caused both train were on fire nearly at the same time, the MRT underground station was in dark suddenly by lacking of its electricity.
Total 12 vehicles of both trains were all on fire, and Train No.1080 was delaying to open its doors, at this moment, there are more than 800 passengers got into panic situation trying to escape from the station which caused lots of injury and death.
3.1 The enclosed structure design could cause insecure feelings, constriction, fears, and other negative feelings to people inside the tunnel.
3.2 Similar to the big scale underground enclosed space structure. Both have limitations on the quantity of emergency exits and the locations of exits to a safe open space outside the structure.
3.3 Due to the enclosed design, the ventilation is limited. Once it catches fire, it will like a huge nature oven.
5.3 Reporting record
5.4Rescue accommodation mechanism:
5.4.1 The command authority transfer and accommodation procedure in TRA: driver → station master → head of local associated offices → transportation business department head → chieh engineer → director general
5.4.2Accommodation between departments:
The “federal disaster contingency center” can contact TRA’s “station emergency response team”; the “local government disaster contingency center” can contact TRA’s “Taipei area emergency response team”. Whichever group arrive the scene first can accommodate the command authority with the above TRA units.
5.5 Investigation and review after the accident
To promote the driving safety, TRA has formed the “driving safety commission (DSC)”. Scholars and professionals are hired as full-time committees. The commission includes prevention, investigation, and examining departments. Its responsibilities are to monitor, examine, and advertise the automobile accident prevention plan, to collect information about automobile accident and investigate it, responsibility evaluation, and employee encouragement and punishment.
2.The DSC investigation group will investigate the accident thoroughly, and collect accident relative information to evaluate the cause. When the responsibilities are clarified, DSC examining group will present the punishment list of breach of duty at the examining meeting.
3. The DSC prevention group will establish a prevention strategy and a reporting based on the causes of the accident. It will also notify each department to provide training and education regularly to ensure similar accident will not occur again.
4. Besides examining the cause of the accident and find the improvement modestly, DSC will also reinforce the monitoring system to be aware of employee’s breach of the rules which is harmful to the operation safety. The improvement is immediately required, and punishment will be given if the situation is serious.
It is based on the Fire Code item 15.
Background and circumstance hypothesis
1 Apply the most serious situation which needs immediate rescue as the drill condition
3. According to the “Railway Safety Drill Project”, Taiwan Railway Administration has well-drilled all members in our regional office annually wherein our 10 Regional Joint Mobilization Offices are basic units incorporating with their associated administration units; the model of drill includes the “High Commander Operation” and “Practical Examination”; therein items for the “High Commander Operation” are “Typhoon/Flood Protection”, “Train’s Fire Alarm”, “Natural Disasters (Earthquake)”, “Disaster of Gas Attack”, “Explosives”, “Malfunction on Bogies”, “Emergency Accident with broken Over Head Catenary System”, “Malfunction on Communication System”, and “Passengers’ Guidance and Evacuation” etc. and in addition, the “Arson on Trains” is the practical examination item which every unit must practice properly.
6.2Based on the organizational structure of Taiwan Railway Administration, there are sectional join departments particularly in charge of matters such as “Anti-Disasters Operation” (prevention, training, security contingency, post-implementation and investigation etc.) : This project has been incorporated into business schedule board of corporatization.
Thank you very much.