LAN DESIGN. Functionality - the network must work with reasonable speed and reliability. Scalability - the network must be able to grow without any major changes to the overall design.
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Segmentation - the process of splitting a single collision domain into two or more collision domains. Layer 2 bridges and switches are used for this process
A bandwidth domain is everything associated with one port on a bridge or switch. In the case of an Ethernet switch, a bandwidth domain is also known as a collision domain.
In an extended star topology, when more wiring closets are created, multiple catchment areas are also created. (A catchment area is a zone that falls within an area that can be served by an internetworking device such as a hub)