Ecosite Decision Support System for Sustainable Forest Management in Manitoba - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

Ecosite decision support system for sustainable forest management in manitoba l.jpg
1 / 38

  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: Sports / Games

Ecosite Decision Support System for Sustainable Forest Management in Manitoba. Project Overview. Partnership Approach. Maximizes the opportunity to share available ideas, information, existing data and costs (financial support)

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.

Download Presentation

Ecosite Decision Support System for Sustainable Forest Management in Manitoba

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript

Ecosite decision support system for sustainable forest management in manitoba l.jpg

Ecosite Decision Support System for Sustainable Forest Management in Manitoba

Project Overview

Partnership approach l.jpg

Partnership Approach

  • Maximizes the opportunity to share available ideas, information, existing data and costs (financial support)

  • Provides a forum for knowledge transfer among participants and interested stakeholders

  • Promotes the use of the system across an array of users

  • Ensures that the benefits of the project are immediately available

Contributing partners l.jpg

University of Manitoba

Tembec - Pine Falls

Tolko Manitoba

LP Canada Inc.

GeoSpatial International

ManitobaModel Forest

Manitoba Conservation

Manitoba Hydro

Ducks Unlimited Canada

Contributing Partners

National financial awards l.jpg

National Financial Awards

  • Canadian Forest Service (CFS)

  • Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC)

  • Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada (SSHRC)

Background l.jpg


  • A new approach for an SFM Decision Support System (DSS):

    • to benefit a diverse array of users of forest resource information

  • DSS based upon a land classification at a level useful for management, using:

    • Canada Committee on Ecological Land Classification (CCELC) created in 1976

    • Forest Ecosystem Classification (FEC) for Manitoba developed in 1995

  • An Ecosite-level classification unit required

What is an ecosite l.jpg

What is an Ecosite?

  • Unit Established by the Canada Committee on Ecological Land Classification

    • spatial unit between lower order ecoelements and the ecosection level

    • mappable at scales of 1:10,000 to 1:20,000 with areas of 10-1,000 ha

      • relevant to resource use decision making (habitat, succession, land use, forestry, etc.)

    • the fundamental unit for the Manitoba DSS

    • the level at which biodiversity and recreational associated values will be incorporated

Ccelc hierarchy l.jpg

CCELC Hierarchy

Higher order land units ecozones l.jpg

Higher Order Land Units: Ecozones

Project goals l.jpg

Project Goals

  • Develop a methodology for consistent classification of ecosites and associated forestry/non-forestry values

  • Build upon existing lower-order ecoelements

    • e.g. aerial photo interpretation - stand delineation/typing, PHA.

  • Produce a common communication tool

    • e.g. resource managers, users and stakeholders

  • Assist in forest resource management decision-making processes

Ecosite classification for manitoba l.jpg

Ecosite Classification for Manitoba

  • Project to utilize a mapping approach:

    • refine already available V- and S- Type ecoelements in the Manitoba FEC

    • formulate a consistent classification key and ecosite descriptions

  • Ecosites are based upon abiotic features that generally remain stable and biotic associations

  • Includes terrestrial and aquatic systems

Ecosite development process l.jpg

Ecosite Development Process

  • Preliminary Manitoba ecosite key and descriptions (completed 2001)

    • review of existing ecosites and keys from similar jurisdictions

    • integration of Manitoba FEC V & S Types

    • draft preliminary key for field testing and revision for Manitoba

      • 40 preliminary ecosites

      • refining ecosite-ecoelement relationship

Ecosite development ecosite key l.jpg

Ecosite Development: Ecosite Key

Ecosite ecoelement relationships l.jpg

Ecosite-Ecoelement Relationships

Ecosite development technical review l.jpg

Ecosite Development: Technical Review

  • Review preliminary ecosites key and descriptions (winter 2001)

    • features to delineate ecosite polygons

    • associations of ecoelements

    • survey methodology

    • integrate with partners

      • e.g. Manitoba Forest Lands Inventory Technical Advisory Committee (FLITAC)

      • Ducks Unlimited (for wetlands)

Field trial data collection 2002 2003 l.jpg

Field Trial & Data Collection (2002-2003)

  • Sample site locations determined in conjunction with partners

  • Utilize new and existing data including already typed polygons, PHA and other data as available

    • incorporate information from Duck Mountain pilot project

  • Work with industry partners to field test ecosite keys

Post field work l.jpg

Post-field Work

  • Utilize information from on-ground data collection and test trials of the keys

    • refinement of the ecosites key

      • including additions to FEC V & S - Types

    • ecosite description fact sheets including associated ecological values

  • Workshops to review progress and ensure data transferability

  • Development of DSS in 2003

    • incorporate user needs and associated values

Ecosite dss for manitoba incorporating biodiversity values l.jpg

Ecosite DSS for Manitoba: Incorporating Biodiversity Values

Biodiversity goals and objectives l.jpg

Biodiversity: Goals and Objectives

  • Objective is to incorporate biodiversity values into our DSS and the Ecological Land Classification of Manitoba

    • considers the scaling properties of biodiversity from the ecoelement to landscape scale

    • focuses on habitat structural elements

    • utilizes a mapping approach to identify areas of high diversity

Measuring diversity for dss l.jpg

Measuring Diversity For DSS

  • The Ecosite sampling and mapping methodology previously discussed is compatible with assessing diversity

  • Diversity has strong scaling properties from the ecoelement to landscape scale

Diversity hierarchy l.jpg

Diversity hierarchy

  • Landscape

    • Abiotic and Biotic relations

    • Number of community types

    • Spatial arrangement

  • Community

    • Interactions among populations

    • Species composition

    • Guilds

  • Population

    • Interactions of individuals with habitat

    • Species viability

    • Genetics (Subspecies)

Diversity as an associated value l.jpg

Diversity as an Associated Value

  • Landscapes are the ‘unit’ on which we manage forest biodiversity

    • we incorporate diversity into the DSS by building links between levels of the hierarchy:

      • ecoelement based diversity principles to landscape-level

      • ecoelement measures of habitat structure to landscape pattern

  • Measures of habitat structure and spatial pattern included in DSS at Ecosite scale

Scaling diversity to the ecosite level l.jpg

Scaling Diversity to the Ecosite-level

  • Diversity from measuring forest ecosite pattern on the landscape:

    • from Manitoba FRI, remotely sensed imagery and ecosite polygon maps (e.g. DU)

    • assesses diversity among clusters of ecosites

  • Examine habitat structure along toposequences:

    • assesses habitat diversity as changes in forest structure within the ecosites (e.g. L-P)

    • aerial survey with paraglider (scaling-up)

  • Approach emphasize habitat diversity

Mapping ecosite polygon diversity l.jpg

Mapping Ecosite ‘Polygon’ Diversity

Mapping ecosite habitat structure toposequences l.jpg


X-Coordinate Position on Landscape

Digital Number (DN) Grey Scale

Mapping Ecosite Habitat Structure: Toposequences

Advantage of habitat structure scaling approaches l.jpg

Advantage of Habitat Structure/Scaling Approaches

  • Complete species and RTE lists, genetic studies etc. are ideal, but:

    • cost prohibitive

    • requires intensive sampling over entire season

    • species are often missed (RTE) or some are never counted (insects, mosses, etc.)

    • time scale, structure and pattern on the landscape often not considered

  • Habitat approach provides measures compatible with forest management

    • spatially explicit, mappable, can be examined over time

Ecosite dss for manitoba incorporating recreation values l.jpg

Ecosite DSS for Manitoba: Incorporating Recreation Values

Recreation Habitat Suitability Index

Context l.jpg


  • Forest recreation takes a variety of forms with each requiring specific environmental conditions

  • Therefore individual forest recreation types can be seen as “species” with distinct habitat requirements

  • To date most forest recreation research has attempted to ascribe economic value

  • We need to identify preferred habitat requirements for recreation “species”

Goals and objectives l.jpg

Goals and Objectives

  • To integrate recreational values into Ecosite DSS for sustainable forest management in Manitoba

    • inventory of outdoor recreation activities and environments

    • develop a recreation atlas for the province

    • identify feasibility of using recreation habitat suitability indices in forest planning and management

Methodology l.jpg


Phase 2

Phase 1

Phase 3

Prior knowledge

GIS Layer

Expert Interviews

Spatial Model

Species-environment relationship

GIS Layer

Grey Literature

Species distribution map

Analysis of species-environment relationship

GIS Layer

Academic Literature



Coarse and fine filter approach l.jpg

Coarse and Fine Filter Approach

Phase 1 overview l.jpg

Phase 1 Overview

  • Expert interview - Delphi approach

  • Site inventory

  • Literature/media review

  • Determine landscape criteria to model recreation habitat suitability indices

Preliminary grey literature inventory l.jpg

Preliminary Grey Literature Inventory

  • Forest recreation represents a diverse array of activities






Wildlife Viewing





X-country skiing








Power Boating


# of References

Interview step methodology l.jpg

Interview Step Methodology

  • Will approximate a snowball sampling technique

  • Sampling concludes when significant repetition occurs

  • Experts will provide:

    • diverse perspectives

    • data on landscape requirements

    • specific activities and intensities

Phase 2 overview l.jpg

Phase 2 Overview

  • Based on phase 1 preliminary sites identified

    • document what people do and where

  • Link activity with ecoelements

    • creates the potential for future ecosite identification

  • Field trial for specific recreation types

    • RHSI (recreation habitat suitability index)

Phase 3 overview l.jpg

Phase 3 Overview

  • Forest recreation atlas/RHSI at ecosite level as part of DSS (2003)

    • forest recreation activities in Manitoba are diverse

    • an atlas will assist in supporting SFM

  • RHSI’s likely to have complex distribution

Ecosite decision support system for sustainable forest management in manitoba36 l.jpg

Ecosite Decision Support System for Sustainable Forest Management in Manitoba

Concluding Remarks

Summary l.jpg


  • Foundation ecological classification established

    • refinement continuing

  • Incorporation of associated non-timber values for biodiversity and recreation

    • ongoing iterative process

  • Closely linked to sustainable forest planning and management

    • cooperative partnerships established

    • developing a DSS integrating a range of forest values for ease of application by the forest industry

  • Login