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Breeds of Livestock Dairy – Beef – Swine - Sheep. Breeds of Dairy Cattle. Ayrshire. Developed in Scotland Came to U.S. in 1822 Cows weigh 1200 lbs. Ranks 3 rd in milk production. Brown Swiss. One of the oldest dairy breeds Originated in Switzerland Came to U.S. in 1869

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Breeds of livestock dairy beef swine sheep l.jpg

Breeds of LivestockDairy – Beef – Swine - Sheep


Breeds of dairy cattle l.jpg

Breeds of Dairy Cattle


Ayrshire l.jpg

Ayrshire

  • Developed in Scotland

  • Came to U.S. in 1822

  • Cows weigh 1200 lbs.

  • Ranks 3rd in milk production


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Brown Swiss

  • One of the oldest dairy breeds

  • Originated in Switzerland

  • Came to U.S. in 1869

  • 2nd in average milk production

  • Cows weigh 1500lbs.


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Guernsey

  • Originated on island of Guernsey off the coast of France

  • Brought to U.S. in 1831

  • Fourth in milk production

  • Produces a golden colored milk

  • Cows weigh 1100 lbs.


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Holstein-Friesian

  • Developed in the Netherlands

  • Came to U.S. in 1852

  • 90% of all dairy cattle in the U.S. are Holstein

  • Largest of all dairy cattle - 1500 lb. cows

  • First in milk production


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Jersey

  • Came from island of Jersey off cost of France

  • First came to U.S. in 1815

  • Lowest in milk production, highest in butterfat

  • Smallest dairy breed

  • Cows weigh around1000 lbs.


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Milking Shorthorn

  • One of the oldest recognized breeds in the world, a segment of the Shorthorn breed

  • Originated in northeastern England

  • Came to U.S. (Va.) in 1783

  • Provided milk, meat, and transportation to pioneers

  • Red, red & white, white, or roan in color


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Beef Cattle Breeds


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Angus

  • Developed in Scotland

  • Came to U.S. in 1873

  • No.1 in numbers of registered animals

  • Always polled

  • There is a Red Angus breed


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Brahman

  • Developed in U.S. between 1854-1926

  • Brood stock came from India

  • Used in cross-breeding programs

  • Large hump on back and loose skin

  • They have a high heat tolerance


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Charolais

  • One of the oldest breeds

  • Originated in France

  • Came to U.S. in 1936 from Mexico

  • Very large – cows up to 1800 lbs.

  • Used in many cross- breeding programs


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Chianina

  • Developed in Italy

  • Came to U.S. in 1971

  • Used in cross-breeding programs

  • They have black skin and white hair

  • Largest breed of cattle. Cows up to 2400 lbs.


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Gelbvieh

  • Originated in Bavaria, southern Germany

  • Developed during late 18th century

  • Introduced to U.S. in 1971

  • Red in color

  • Known for calving ease, mothering ability and calf growth


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Hereford

  • Developed in England.

  • Came to U.S. in 1830s - Henry Clay

  • More Hereford’s registered than any other breed.

  • Easy breed to handle

  • White color is always dominate.


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Limousin

  • Developed in France

  • Semen shipped to Canada in 1968

  • Very wide horns

  • Meat is very lean


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Polled Hereford

  • Developed in Iowa in 1901

  • Same as Hereford breed except no horns


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Red Angus

  • Same genetics as Angus, except red color

  • Were registered with Black Angus herdbooks until 1917

  • Red Angus Assoc. of America formed in 1954


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Shorthorn and Polled Shorthorn

  • Developed in England about 1600

  • Came to Va. in 1783

  • Originally a dual purpose breed

  • Red, white or roan in color

  • Are good mothers


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Simmental

  • Developed in Switzerland

  • Came to U.S. in 1969

  • Has no color requirement

  • Large and docile


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Texas Longhorn

  • Developed from Spanish cattle, brought to new world by Columbus

  • Roamed free in the southwest until after the Civil War

  • Was replaced by new breeds in 1880s

  • Numbers are increasing


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Scotch Highland

  • Oldest registered breed of cattle

  • Disease resistant, lashes protect eyes from insects

  • Long horns

  • Even temperament

  • Requires little shelter of feed supplements

  • From Scottish Highlands, raised from Alaska to Texas


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Belted Galloway

  • Distinctive white belt

  • Brought to Pennsylvania in 1959


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Icelandic

  • Found in Iceland

  • Originated in Norway, brought in during settlement of Iceland in 10th century

  • Selected for milking and protein percentage in milk.


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Gir

  • Zebu breed from India

  • Long ears

  • Long horns that sweep back and spiral

  • Used in the development of the Brahman


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Indo-Brazilian

  • Zebu breed developed in Brazil from 1910 - 1930

  • Originated from the Gir breed

  • Taller and lighter muscled than the Brahman

  • White to dark grey

  • Very large ears


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Beef Cross Breeds


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Santa Gertrudis

  • Developed on King Ranch in Texas

  • 3/8 Brahman and 5/8 Shorthorn cross

  • Red or cherry red in color

  • They have loose folds of skin

  • Hair grows short in hot weather and long in cold


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Beefmaster

  • Developed on Lasiter Ranch in Texas from 1908-1930

  • Brahman-Hereford crossed with Brahman-Shorthorn

  • Bred for six essentials: weight, conformation, milking ability, fertility, hardiness, and disposition


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Droughtmaster

  • Developed in northern Australia

  • 1/2 Brahman x 1/2 Shorthorn

  • Red color, honey golden to dark red

  • Lean carcass

  • Tick and heat resistant

  • Calving ease, good temperament


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Brangus

  • 3/8 Brahman, 5/8 Angus

  • Solid black and polled

  • Calves heavier at birth and weaning than Angus

  • Resistant to heat and humidity

  • Produce more hair in cool climates


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Other Cross Breeds

  • Charbray

  • Braford

  • Brahmousin

  • Gelbray

  • Red Brangus


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Breeds of Swine


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American Landrace

  • Developed around 1895

  • Long body length

  • Ears large and drooping

  • Sows noted for good milk production


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Berkshire

  • Developed in England

  • Came to U.S. in 1823

  • Medium size hog

  • Erect ears, short snout

  • 6 white points


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Chester White

  • Developed in PA.

  • Drooped ears

  • Known for mothering ability


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Duroc

  • Developed in eastern U.S.

  • Drooped ears

  • Red in color

  • One of the most popular breeds in U.S.


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Hampshire

  • Developed in England

  • Erect ears

  • White band circling the body

  • Know for lean meat


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Poland China

  • Developed in Ohio

  • Black with six white points

  • Drooping ears

  • One of the larger breeds of hogs

  • Used in cross breeding programs


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Spotted Breed

  • Developed in Indiana

  • At least 20% of body must be either black or white

  • First known as the Spotted Poland China


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Tamworth

  • Originated in England

  • Brought to U.S. in 1882

  • Red in color

  • Lean meat

  • Excellent mothering ability


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Yorkshire

  • Developed in England

  • Came to U.S. in 1800s

  • Erect ears

  • Sometimes has black freckles


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Vietnamese Potbelly

  • Developed from a dwarf swine breed from Vietnam in the 1960s

  • Brought to U.S from Canada in 1986

  • Full grown potbellied pigs weigh an average of 70-150 lb.

  • Utilized as a pet


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Breeds of Sheep


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Cheviot

  • Originally from England

  • Small and blocky

  • White face and legs


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Hampshire

  • Developed in England

  • Large in size, blocky type

  • Breed is polled

  • One of the most popular breeds


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Suffolk

  • Developed in England

  • Came to U.S. in 1888

  • Has no wool on head or legs

  • Know for production of market lambs

  • Ranks 1st in U.S. sheep population


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Southdown

  • One of the oldest breeds

  • Developed in England

  • Small and blocky

  • Slow growth


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Corriedale

  • Developed in New Zealand

  • Came to U.S. in 1914

  • First used in western states

  • Breed is polled


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Dorset

  • Brought to Oregon by ship in 1860

  • White in color

  • Medium size

  • Both polled and horned varieties exist

  • Second largest breed in total numbers in the U.S.


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