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HAITI. Facts. Language : Creole and French Government: Republic; President Prime Minister and Ministers Two Chambers Senate and House. Capital: Port au Prince Size: 10 714 square miles Population : 8 706 497 Currency : La gourde President: Rene Preval

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HAITI

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HAITI


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Facts

  • Language : Creole and French

  • Government: Republic; President Prime Minister and Ministers Two Chambers Senate and House.

  • Capital: Port au Prince

  • Size: 10 714 square miles

  • Population : 8 706 497

  • Currency : La gourde

  • President: Rene Preval

  • Prime Minister :Michele Pierre Louis


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Geography


Haiti or ayti means mountainous land and its highest point is pic de la selle 8 713ft l.jpg

Haiti or Ayti means Mountainous land and its Highest point is Pic de la selle 8 713Ft


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History

  • The Island was dicovered by Christopher Columbus in 1492

  • The spaniards enslaved the Tainos and brought diseases with them so the Tainos became extinct.

  • In 1517 the Spaniard started the slave.

  • In the early 1600’s the french settlers were effectively competing with the spanish settlers

  • In 1697 the Ryswick treaty divides the land into French and Spanish part.


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  • The french part is today Haiti on the west side and the Spanish part which is the Dominican republic on the east.

  • It officially became a french colony.

  • Soon it became the most prosperous colony of France.

  • The colony was the size of Maryland or Belgium but but dominated the production of coffee and sugar.

  • The colony imported hundreds of thousands of slaves from Africa.

  • By 1789 it produced 40% of all the sugar and 60% of all the coffee produced in Europe.


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Life in Saint Domingue

  • Soon after the beginning of the slave trade, Saint Domingue was divided into three classes.

  • The white colonists , the mulattoes and a few free blacks, and the slaves. It was a pyramid.

  • Slaves were considered property and they outnumbered everyone else by one to ten.

  • Since slavery in Saint-Domingue was ferocious slaves would runaway.

  • It wasn’t until 1751 that the vodou priest Mackandal organised the first organised rebellion.

  • In 1757 he was captured and burned at the stake.


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1791 A turning point

  • Saint Domingue was comparable to a barrel of gunpowder that any spark could blow (Aime Cesaire).

  • The white colonists were looking for autonomy.

  • The the mulattoes were looking for equality

  • The Slave wanted freedom.

  • However the first two classes had reactionary concerns but the slaves concerns were revolutionary because they wanted a reverse order in that society.


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  • In august 22nd of 1791 2000 whites died and 280 plantations were destroyed.

  • On April 4th 1794 the French legistature declared all people free regardless of their color.

  • Toussaint Louverture successfully helped the french win battles against the spanish.

  • He became the master of the Island but wanted Saint Domingue to be an autonomous entity.

  • He wrote a constitution for Saint Domingue in 1801 and he would be governor for life.


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  • Napoleon Bonaparte strongly disapproved the decision

  • He dispatched 30 000 troops to Saint Domingue with instruction to restore slavery.

  • Toussaint was tricked and was sent to Jail in Fort de Joux in France.

  • The french attempted to reestablish slavery.

  • Jean Jacques Dessalines led the Revolutionary Army

  • The Battle of Vertieres was the last battle of the Haitian revolution it occurred on November 18th 1803


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January 1804

  • Only successful slave rebellion in world History.

  • In 1825 Haiti agreed to make reparations to the French slaveholders 60 millions Francs.

  • This indemnity mortgaged Haiti’s future.


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1804- 1957

  • Numerous governments Monarchies and republics kingdoms.

  • Numerous coup and devasteted economy political instability with periods of prosperity.


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American Occupation of 1915

  • Goal: secure american business interests in Haiti. Stayed for 19 years.

  • Representatives from US wielded veto power to all governmental decisions in Haiti.

  • Inserted their control and belittled Haitians.

  • 2000 Haitians died in the process and multiple other conflicts.


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The Duvaliers

  • Francois Duvalier and Jean Claude Duvalier.

  • Dictators Francois proclamed himself president for life

  • Rule for 14 years until he died.

  • Youngest president in world History Jean claude Duvalier .

  • The Duvaliers used both expulsion and political murder to suppress his opponents

  • Instituted a self paid Militia ( extortion and Crime)

  • Instituted a campaign to exile communits exile death emprisonment


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  • 30000 people died.

  • Baby Doc

  • No opposition was tolerated

  • He was forced to leave in 1986


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Aristide AkA Titid

  • Former Slums Catholic Priest

  • Won the 1990 presidential election overthrown by the FADH armed forces of Haiti

  • Went to Exile in Venezuela then US.

  • Bill Clinton helped him get his groove back in retaliation disbanded the FADH.

  • Finished his first term.

    More details about the man Was or still is a Narcotrafficant. Made about Half a billion before he left Haiti. Crime, corruption, seat selling election fraud etc.


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  • Social class conflicts

  • Wrong message.


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