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Haiti. 1492-1934. SLOS. Student Learning Outcomes:      Use knowledge of global events and trends since 1500 to shed light on contemporary issues Instructional Objectives Describe interactions and influences between civilizations and non-urban societies

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Haiti

1492-1934


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SLOS

Student Learning Outcomes:

  •      Use knowledge of global events and trends since 1500 to shed light on contemporary issues

    Instructional Objectives

  • Describe interactions and influences between civilizations and non-urban societies

  • Analyze cause-and-effect relationships in history, including variables such as the “great person”, technological change, outside influences and demographic change


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  • Dutch, Spanish, Portuguese, English and French slave traders worked with the Dahomey and Ashanti (located in what is now Benin and Ghana), where slave ports at Ouidah and Elmina flourished,

  • They accumulated enormous wealth and power as a result of the trade of their fellow Africans.

  • The Caribbean is a significant place in the triangular trade


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Haiti Virtually every major island group produces its own distinct Rum style.

  • December 5, 1492: Columbus discovers Haiti (the island of Hispaniola)

  • 1697: The Spaniards cede the western third of Hispaniola to the French crown at the Treaty of Ryswick.

  • Haiti is now called "Saint Domingue"


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tortuga Virtually every major island group produces its own distinct Rum style.


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Tortuga Virtually every major island group produces its own distinct Rum style. Small island off Haiti

  • In 1640 the buccaneers of Tortuga began calling themselves the Brethren of the Coast.

  • The population of pirates and privateers on Tortuga consisted of a mix of most Europeans, but the largest parts were French and English.

  • The French governor imported several hundred prostitutes round 1650 to curb homosexual unions known as matelotage


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Captain Morgan Virtually every major island group produces its own distinct Rum style.


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  • In 1666 Henry Morgan arrives on Tortuga and goes on to become one of the most famous “Pirates of the Caribbean”

  • Henry Morgan leads 500 Tortuga buccaneers and 1000 Jamaica buccaneers in 1670 and attacks/ plunders Santa Marta, Rio de la Hacha, Puerto Bello and Panama.

  • In 1684 the Treaty of Ratisbone, between France and Spain, was signed which suppressed the actions of the buccaneers

  • 1688, Henry Morgan dies in Jamaica.


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Back to Haiti become one of the most famous “Pirates of the Caribbean”


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  • 1697-1791: Saint Domingue becomes the richest colony in the world based on slaves, sugar cane and rum for the triangle trade.

  • The capital, Cap Français, is known as the Paris of the New World.

  • A regime of extraordinary cruelty; the 500,000 slaves taken by the French are flogged, starved, and buried alive for minor offenses.

  • The Sugar Cane Plantations were brutal and most slaves died. Owners believed cheaper to import rather than provide basic support based on rum production needs.


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  • January 1804: Jean Jacques Dessalines proclaimed the independent black Republic of Haiti in the northern half of the island.

  • Dessalines was unpopular with the mulattos and was assassinated in 1806. His death led to civil war again between the south (under General Petion) and the north (under Henry Christophe).


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  • 1820: Henry Christophe a tyrannical ruler who crowned himself "king", and built a palace and citadel (at Cap Haitien in the north) at great cost to Haitian lives commits suicide.

  • At his death Haiti was taken over by General Boyer, and civil war ceased. Boyer obtained official Haitian independence from France at the price of 150 million French francs.


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