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How to Excel at Promotional Exams: The Emergency Simulation. Firehouse Expo – Baltimore, MD July 24, 2010. Steve Prziborowski – Battalion Chief Santa Clara County Fire Department. Objectives :. Identify the top 25 pitfalls of poor performers during simulations

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Firehouse expo baltimore md july 24 2010

How to Excel at

Promotional Exams:

The Emergency Simulation

Firehouse Expo – Baltimore, MD July 24, 2010

Steve Prziborowski – Battalion Chief

Santa Clara County Fire Department


Objectives
Objectives:

  • Identify the top 25 pitfalls of poor performers during simulations

  • Identify what to expect in an emergency simulation

  • Determine the typical dimensions being evaluated during the emergency simulation

  • Develop a plan to best prepare for your next simulation


Top 25 pitfalls of poor performers
Top 25 Pitfalls Of Poor Performers:

  • Did not prepare for the position

  • Focused too much on being a “check-the-box” IC

  • Lack of building construction knowledge

  • Lack of fire behavior knowledge

  • Lack of strategy & tactics knowledge


Top 25 pitfalls of poor performers1
Top 25 Pitfalls Of Poor Performers:

  • Inability to appropriately use ICS

  • Lack of time management skills

  • Lack of organizational skills

  • Lack of planning skills

  • Inadequate communication skills

  • Lack of command presence

  • Inability to make a decision


Top 25 pitfalls of poor performers2
Top 25 Pitfalls Of Poor Performers:

  • Lack of understanding of “how to run an incident”

  • Lack of knowledge of SOP/SOGs, policies, standard/accepted practices, etc.

  • Lack of preparation

  • Inability to think “long-term” and/or “big picture”


Top 25 pitfalls of poor performers3
Top 25 Pitfalls Of Poor Performers:

17. Inadequate or inappropriate requesting of resources and/or personnel

18. Inability to prioritize assignments

19. Inability to anticipate and then handle “issues” they may be faced with:

- Firefighter down, trapped, missing

- Multiple patients

- In your face bystanders

- General problems that may arise


Top 25 pitfalls of poor performers4
Top 25 Pitfalls Of Poor Performers:

20. They let nervousness get the best of them……and it shows!

21. Inability to defend actions or non-actions

  • Inability to be flexible

  • Unsafe / unorthodox practices

  • Demonstrating a “first-due without a clue” mentality


Top 25 pitfalls of poor performers5
Top 25 Pitfalls Of Poor Performers:

25. Inability to demonstrate to the raters that they can hit the ground running – and not just be a safe beginner!



Basic items to expect on an emergency simulation
Basic Items To Expect On An Emergency Simulation: Assessment Center?

  • 30 to 60 minutes

  • One or more events

  • You may be the first arriving unit

  • You may be a later arriving unit

  • Two to four evaluators

  • One proctor from own department

  • Will be stressful


Basic items to expect on an emergency simulation1
Basic Items To Expect On An Emergency Simulation: Assessment Center?

  • Paperwork (before, during, after)

    • ICS Form 201

    • Tactical worksheets

    • Easel / conference pads

  • Questions (before, during, after)

  • Dynamic or static simulation


Basic items to expect on an emergency simulation2
Basic Items To Expect On An Emergency Simulation: Assessment Center?

  • Immediate-need challenges:

    • Firefighter down, missing, trapped, etc.

    • Patients (multiple)

    • Media folks in your face

    • City folks in your face

    • Department folks in your face

    • Exposure problems


Dimensions you will be graded on during the simulation
Dimensions You Will Be Graded On During The Simulation: Assessment Center?

(See p. 3 of the handout for a sample scoring sheet)

  • Command presence

    (See p. 10 of the handout for command presence tips)

  • Leadership ability

  • Oral communications

  • Problem analysis

  • Decision making

  • Organization

  • Planning

  • Stress tolerance


Dimensions you will be graded on during the simulation1
Dimensions You Will Be Graded Assessment Center?On During The Simulation:

  • Strategy/Tactics

  • Flexibility

  • Risk management/situational awareness

  • Interpersonal skills

  • ICS

  • Safety/safe practices

  • Knowledge of:

    • Department SOPs, SOGs, Policies

    • Local, state, federal laws and regulations



How to best prepare in advance
How To Best Prepare – Assessment Center?In Advance:

  • Prepare for the position – not the test

  • Talk to others who have taken the test, evaluated the test, or have created the tests in the past

  • Think and act like the position you are testing for, every day


How to best prepare in advance1
How To Best Prepare – Assessment Center?In Advance:

4. Prepare for ANY type of event:

  • Fires (residential, commercial, multiple story, multiple occupancy, wildland, structure, etc.)

  • Haz Mat incidents

  • EMS incidents (multiple patients – may or may not also include a fire or haz mat event)

  • Anything that may be location specific or unique to your department or area


How to best prepare in advance2
How To Best Prepare – Assessment Center?In Advance:

  • Create templates for:

    • Radio reports

      (See p. 11 of the handout for radio report tips)

    • Managing the incident from before it happens to after it is under control

      (See p. 13 of the handout for tips on A to Z)

    • Size-up

    • Crew / Personnel assignments

    • Managing the immediate need situations

    • Transfer of command


How to best prepare game day
How To Best Prepare – Assessment Center?Game Day:

  • Be the position you are testing for

  • Read the instructions carefully

  • Demonstrate confidence to all, remember you’re being watched

  • Take a second to evaluate what you see before talking

  • Relax, this is what you’ve prepared for!



Regardless of which incident you pull up to
Regardless of Which Incident You Pull Up To: Stressful

  • Having a standardized plan or template to handle any situation will help….

    • Put you (and your personnel) at ease

    • Instill confidence in your abilities to successfully manage an incident

    • You organize what could be a chaotic situation


Four phases of an incident
Four Phases Of An Incident: Stressful

  • Pre-Incident

  • Enroute to arrival

  • Arrival to under control

  • Under control to post incident


1 pre incident
#1: Pre-Incident: Stressful

  • Pre-planning

  • Area familiarization

  • Training

  • Personnel expectations

  • Personnel, apparatus & equipment readiness


2 enroute to incident
#2: Enroute to Incident Stressful

  • Map pages / pre-plans

  • Hydrants / FDC locations

  • PPE

  • Crew direction

  • Size-up

    • WALLACE WAS HOT (see next slide)


2 enroute to incident1

W Stressfulater Supply

Area

Life Safety

Location / Extent of Fire

Apparatus responding

Construction / Collapse Potential

Exposures

Weather

Auxiliary Appliances

Special Matters

Height

Occupancy

Time of Day

#2: Enroute to Incident


3 arrival to under control

Size-up / 360 lap Stressful

Radio report (initial)

Command Mode

Strategic Mode

Incident Priorities

Strategic / Incident Objectives

Incident Action Plan

Radio report (follow-up)

Strategic Priorities

Rescue

Exposures

Confinement

Extinguishment

Overhaul

Ventilation

Salvage

#3: Arrival to Under Control


3 arrival to under control1
#3: Arrival to Under Control Stressful

  • Apparatus Placement

  • Hoseline selection & placement

  • Sufficient units and personnel

  • Notifications

  • Logistical support for personnel

  • Incident benchmarks

  • Transfer of command briefing


4 under control to post incident
#4: Under Control to Post Incident Stressful

  • Overhaul plan with company officers and investigator

  • Determine cause and origin

  • Demobilization plan

  • Responder/Occupant wellness

  • Notifications

  • Transfer of command briefing


4 under control to post incident1
#4: Under Control to Post Incident Stressful

  • Tailboard session

  • Reports / Paperwork / Email blurb

  • PIA / Lessons learned




Any questions thank you very much good luck on your next promotional exam
Any questions????? Stressful- Thank you very much!- Good luck on your next promotional exam!

Contact Information:

  • Steve Prziborowski

  • (408) 205-9006 (cellular phone)

  • [email protected] (email)

  • www.code3firetraining.com (website)

  • www.chabotfire.com (website)


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