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How to Excel at Promotional Exams: The Emergency Simulation. Firehouse Expo – Baltimore, MD July 24, 2010. Steve Prziborowski – Battalion Chief Santa Clara County Fire Department. Objectives :. Identify the top 25 pitfalls of poor performers during simulations

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firehouse expo baltimore md july 24 2010

How to Excel at

Promotional Exams:

The Emergency Simulation

Firehouse Expo – Baltimore, MD July 24, 2010

Steve Prziborowski – Battalion Chief

Santa Clara County Fire Department

objectives
Objectives:
  • Identify the top 25 pitfalls of poor performers during simulations
  • Identify what to expect in an emergency simulation
  • Determine the typical dimensions being evaluated during the emergency simulation
  • Develop a plan to best prepare for your next simulation
top 25 pitfalls of poor performers
Top 25 Pitfalls Of Poor Performers:
  • Did not prepare for the position
  • Focused too much on being a “check-the-box” IC
  • Lack of building construction knowledge
  • Lack of fire behavior knowledge
  • Lack of strategy & tactics knowledge
top 25 pitfalls of poor performers1
Top 25 Pitfalls Of Poor Performers:
  • Inability to appropriately use ICS
  • Lack of time management skills
  • Lack of organizational skills
  • Lack of planning skills
  • Inadequate communication skills
  • Lack of command presence
  • Inability to make a decision
top 25 pitfalls of poor performers2
Top 25 Pitfalls Of Poor Performers:
  • Lack of understanding of “how to run an incident”
  • Lack of knowledge of SOP/SOGs, policies, standard/accepted practices, etc.
  • Lack of preparation
  • Inability to think “long-term” and/or “big picture”
top 25 pitfalls of poor performers3
Top 25 Pitfalls Of Poor Performers:

17. Inadequate or inappropriate requesting of resources and/or personnel

18. Inability to prioritize assignments

19. Inability to anticipate and then handle “issues” they may be faced with:

- Firefighter down, trapped, missing

- Multiple patients

- In your face bystanders

- General problems that may arise

top 25 pitfalls of poor performers4
Top 25 Pitfalls Of Poor Performers:

20. They let nervousness get the best of them……and it shows!

21. Inability to defend actions or non-actions

  • Inability to be flexible
  • Unsafe / unorthodox practices
  • Demonstrating a “first-due without a clue” mentality
top 25 pitfalls of poor performers5
Top 25 Pitfalls Of Poor Performers:

25. Inability to demonstrate to the raters that they can hit the ground running – and not just be a safe beginner!

basic items to expect on an emergency simulation
Basic Items To Expect On An Emergency Simulation:
  • 30 to 60 minutes
  • One or more events
  • You may be the first arriving unit
  • You may be a later arriving unit
  • Two to four evaluators
  • One proctor from own department
  • Will be stressful
basic items to expect on an emergency simulation1
Basic Items To Expect On An Emergency Simulation:
  • Paperwork (before, during, after)
    • ICS Form 201
    • Tactical worksheets
    • Easel / conference pads
  • Questions (before, during, after)
  • Dynamic or static simulation
basic items to expect on an emergency simulation2
Basic Items To Expect On An Emergency Simulation:
  • Immediate-need challenges:
    • Firefighter down, missing, trapped, etc.
    • Patients (multiple)
    • Media folks in your face
    • City folks in your face
    • Department folks in your face
    • Exposure problems
dimensions you will be graded on during the simulation
Dimensions You Will Be Graded On During The Simulation:

(See p. 3 of the handout for a sample scoring sheet)

  • Command presence

(See p. 10 of the handout for command presence tips)

  • Leadership ability
  • Oral communications
  • Problem analysis
  • Decision making
  • Organization
  • Planning
  • Stress tolerance
dimensions you will be graded on during the simulation1
Dimensions You Will Be Graded On During The Simulation:
  • Strategy/Tactics
  • Flexibility
  • Risk management/situational awareness
  • Interpersonal skills
  • ICS
  • Safety/safe practices
  • Knowledge of:
    • Department SOPs, SOGs, Policies
    • Local, state, federal laws and regulations
how to best prepare in advance
How To Best Prepare – In Advance:
  • Prepare for the position – not the test
  • Talk to others who have taken the test, evaluated the test, or have created the tests in the past
  • Think and act like the position you are testing for, every day
how to best prepare in advance1
How To Best Prepare – In Advance:

4. Prepare for ANY type of event:

  • Fires (residential, commercial, multiple story, multiple occupancy, wildland, structure, etc.)
  • Haz Mat incidents
  • EMS incidents (multiple patients – may or may not also include a fire or haz mat event)
  • Anything that may be location specific or unique to your department or area
how to best prepare in advance2
How To Best Prepare – In Advance:
  • Create templates for:
    • Radio reports

(See p. 11 of the handout for radio report tips)

    • Managing the incident from before it happens to after it is under control

(See p. 13 of the handout for tips on A to Z)

    • Size-up
    • Crew / Personnel assignments
    • Managing the immediate need situations
    • Transfer of command
how to best prepare game day
How To Best Prepare – Game Day:
  • Be the position you are testing for
  • Read the instructions carefully
  • Demonstrate confidence to all, remember you’re being watched
  • Take a second to evaluate what you see before talking
  • Relax, this is what you’ve prepared for!
regardless of which incident you pull up to
Regardless of Which Incident You Pull Up To:
  • Having a standardized plan or template to handle any situation will help….
    • Put you (and your personnel) at ease
    • Instill confidence in your abilities to successfully manage an incident
    • You organize what could be a chaotic situation
four phases of an incident
Four Phases Of An Incident:
  • Pre-Incident
  • Enroute to arrival
  • Arrival to under control
  • Under control to post incident
1 pre incident
#1: Pre-Incident:
  • Pre-planning
  • Area familiarization
  • Training
  • Personnel expectations
  • Personnel, apparatus & equipment readiness
2 enroute to incident
#2: Enroute to Incident
  • Map pages / pre-plans
  • Hydrants / FDC locations
  • PPE
  • Crew direction
  • Size-up
    • WALLACE WAS HOT (see next slide)
2 enroute to incident1
Water Supply

Area

Life Safety

Location / Extent of Fire

Apparatus responding

Construction / Collapse Potential

Exposures

Weather

Auxiliary Appliances

Special Matters

Height

Occupancy

Time of Day

#2: Enroute to Incident
3 arrival to under control
Size-up / 360 lap

Radio report (initial)

Command Mode

Strategic Mode

Incident Priorities

Strategic / Incident Objectives

Incident Action Plan

Radio report (follow-up)

Strategic Priorities

Rescue

Exposures

Confinement

Extinguishment

Overhaul

Ventilation

Salvage

#3: Arrival to Under Control
3 arrival to under control1
#3: Arrival to Under Control
  • Apparatus Placement
  • Hoseline selection & placement
  • Sufficient units and personnel
  • Notifications
  • Logistical support for personnel
  • Incident benchmarks
  • Transfer of command briefing
4 under control to post incident
#4: Under Control to Post Incident
  • Overhaul plan with company officers and investigator
  • Determine cause and origin
  • Demobilization plan
  • Responder/Occupant wellness
  • Notifications
  • Transfer of command briefing
4 under control to post incident1
#4: Under Control to Post Incident
  • Tailboard session
  • Reports / Paperwork / Email blurb
  • PIA / Lessons learned
any questions thank you very much good luck on your next promotional exam
Any questions?????- Thank you very much!- Good luck on your next promotional exam!

Contact Information:

  • Steve Prziborowski
  • (408) 205-9006 (cellular phone)
  • [email protected] (email)
  • www.code3firetraining.com (website)
  • www.chabotfire.com (website)
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