The Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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The Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus

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  1. The Temple of Jupiter Optimus Maximus by Jane Gillette

  2. Basic Facts Location: Capitoline Hill in Rome Size: about 55x60 meters Architecture: Hexastyle Time Period: Rebuilt four times between 509 BCE and the early 400's CE

  3. Purpose • Honored the Capitoline Triad: Jupiter, Juno, and Minerva • A symbol of the Roman Republic • Location of the first senate meeting of each year • Generals made sacrifices at the temple after a victory • Magistrates made vows and sacrifices

  4. First Building 509 BCE-83 BCE Built by Tarquinius Priscus and Tarquinius Superbus Dedicated September 509 Destroyed in a fire on July 6th, 83 BCE http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/19/TempleofCapitoliumRome.jpg

  5. Second Building 69 BCE-69 CE Rebuilt by Q. Lutatius Catulus as assigned by Sulla Dedicated in 69 BCE Destroyed when the Vitellians burned it in 69 CE http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/e/ea/City_of_Rome_during_time_of_republic.jpg

  6. Third Building 75 CE-80 CE Rebuilt by the Emperor Vespasian Dedicated in 75 CE Destroyed in a fire in 80 CE http://sightseeingrome.blogspot.com/2010_04_01_archive.html

  7. Fourth Building 82 CE-early 400's CE Rebuilt by Domitian Dedicated in 82 CE Destroyed over time, throughout the 400's http://doc-14-8g-3dwarehouse.googleusercontent.com/3dwarehouse/secure/hhulr73hmmak89paul31eote4ben7ngk/eedlpc56fbf1ssvvqchfbq7dd13hhh1r/1378728000000/lt/*/2075e37cabc3f87a6626df250d84698?ts=1369094034000&ctyp=other

  8. Today The foundation of the temple can still be seen today. http://1.bp.blogspot.com/_pyFj865NHDc/RoJmj_z5h8I/AAAAAAAAAoQ/2_SRMPK7hE0/s400/Rome+-+Capitoline+-+Foundations+of+Temple+of+Jupiter+Optimus+Maximus+Compressed.JPG

  9. Bibliography http://penelope.uchicago.edu/Thayer/E/Gazetteer/Places/Europe/Italy/Lazio/Roma/Rome/_Texts/PLATOP*/Aedes_Jovis_Capitolini.html http://www.thehelicon.com/2012/jupiter-optimus-maximus/