Kakadu National Park Local animals vs Introduced species By Dennis Chan
What is Kakadu Nation Park? Kakadu Nation Park is located in Northern Territory of Australia, 171km southeast of Darwin. It is the biggest national park in Australia, covering an area of 19,804km square. Being the biggest park, Kakadu has a wide variety of plants and animals inhabited on it.
Landforms There are six main landforms in Kakadu: • The Arnhem land plateau • Escarpment complex • The lowlands • The southern hills/basins, • The floodplains • The tidal waves
Flora and Fauna Kakadu’s flora (plants) are within more than 1700 plant species. Kakadu is full of wide range of fauna (animals), some are rare or endangered. According to the record, there are 74 species of mammals, more than 280 species of birds, 117 species of reptiles, 25 frog species and more.
Introduced species Kakadu has introduced species such as water buffalo, wild pig, cane toad and more. These species might pose a threat to Kakadu’s environment as they will consume the native animals. Cane toad, one of the introduced species
The effects of introduced species to the environment As to flora and fauna, introduced species like brumbies (horses) inhabited areas of the park, including Yellow Water. Plants like salvinia molestahas infected the Magela floodplain. Para grass also displaces the native food of Kakadu’s birdlife. Salvinia molesta
Government Initiatives To tackle the problem of introduced species, some activities were forbidden, such as swimming. Fire spreading in Kakadu is not an issue since fires in NT are less threatening than in SA as plants can regenerate quickly.
Mining Kakadu possesses large uranium deposits, they are mined and exported internationally. However, due to the danger of nuclear power, mining has stopped abruptly. The ranger uranium mine
Aboriginal arts The art sites of Ubirr, Burrunguyand Nanguluwur are internationally recognised as examples of Aboriginal rock art. These sites have offered shelter to Aboriginal inhabitants for thousands of years. A rock painting in Ubirr
Tourism Kakadu is a major attraction in NT, the dramatic landscape, aboriginal culture influences and wildlife are what the visitors attracted to. There are many camping sites throughout Kakadu. Some regions of the park require a fee to use public facilities. Others might be free, but facilities are limited. There’s also a hotel in Jabiru.