Kakadu National Park • These wonders of the Kakadu National Park can vanish or be destroyed if we don’t take care of the environment. For example introducing species which can impact the food chain and the environment in a bad way. • By: Mohamed Ghandour
Location The Kakadu National Park is located in the Northern Territory, located 171km southeast of Darwin.
Kakadu National Park Facts • Kakadu spans over 19,804 km2. • It is so big it is 1/3 of Tasmania, half the size of Switzerland and about the size of Slovenia. • The Kakadu National Park is located close to the equator that it only has two climate seasons, the rain season, and the dry season
Dangers and Threats • There are many threats and dangers to consider. E.g. threat by man, threats by introduced species, threats by the changing climate. • The main Danger and threats to consider are the introduced species which impact the environment and the food chain. • Introduced species which cause havoc in the environment they are introduced into are called pests. They destroy the environment by for example digging, or impacting the food chain by eating or killing native animals. For example Cane Toads.
Aboriginal Culture • The aboriginal culture in the Kakadu was major. There is evidence that Aboriginal tribes used to rule the Kakadu with cave paintings such as the Nanguluwurart site.
Mining • During 1953 Uranium was discovered near the Kakadu National Park. In 1957 the Uranium plant occupied 150 workers. Before that in the 1920’s Kakadu was used for gold mining.
Flora • There is over 1700 Fauna in the Kakadu. Most of the Fauna are able to survive dry spells, or torrential rain. This is a major aspect considering the environment and the climate. The climate in the Kakadu is either the dry season or the rain season. This is why most plants survive a long time.
Fauna • In the Kakadu there is a range of Fauna like endangered, vulnerable, mammals, reptiles, birds, frogs, fish, and insects. • Animals, due to the extreme weather conditions in the Kakadu some only operate during a part of the day e.g. at night or during day time. There are lots of endangered and vulnerable animals in the Kakadu due to introduced species or by man.
Impact by Introduced Species • The animals introduced to the Kakadu are, Asian water buffalo, cattle, pigs, horses, donkeys, cats, dogs, rats, mice, house geckos and European bees. The cane toad was first recorded/sighted in the Kakadu in 2001. • The impact by introduced species was enormous. There was damage to the soil, water ways, environment and animals as there habitat was destroyed. These introduced species led native species to extinction or near extinction.
What is the Government Doing? • The government has done a lot to prevent even worse devastation. The government passed legislation to protect the park, provide better rules on how the park is run, and invest in lots of money to protect the parks native Flora and Fauna from extinction.