Viral Meningitis By: Tripp Franco and Caroline Petronis
What is Viral Meningitis? • Meningitis is a catch-all term for an infection of the meninges. • Meninges are membranes covering the spinal cord and brain. • Viruses cause the viral form of meningitis. • First identified in Sweden in 1878. • Detected through a spinal tap. • Stiff neck is an indicator.
Common Symptoms • Fever • Nausea and Vomiting • Headache (sometimes coupled with fainting) • Photosensitivity (sensitivity to light) • Altered mental status *Ranked from earliest to latest stages
Transmission • Spread through respiratory droplets (coughing, sneezing, etc.). • Spread through feces. • Caused by common viruses escalating to become meningitis. • Viruses include influenza, chicken pox, and measles.
Pictures and Diagrams MRI of inflamed meninges. *Original sources were unable to be located for pictures.
Who Gets Meningitis? • People the most at risk are: • More common in third-world countries. • Young infants and elderly patients. • People with weakened immune systems. • Males are slightly more likely than females.
History of Viral Meningitis • First recorded outbreak in 1805 in Geneva, Switzerland. • Discovered in 1878 in Sweden. • No clear source- numerous possibilities. • Because Meningitis is general, there is no clear origin.
Treatments of Viral Meningitis • Viral meningitis the least serious form of meningitis. • Simple treatments given to address individual symptoms. • Examples: Painkillers for headaches, Anti-sickness medicines for vomiting.
Bibliography • CDC. "Viral Meningitis." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 15 Mar. 2012. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://www.cdc.gov/meningitis/viral.html>. • LA County. "Meningitis, Viral." Acute Communicable Disease Control Manual (. Los Angeles County, Jan. 2012. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://www.publichealth.lacounty.gov/acd/procs/b73/Dise aseChapters/B73MeningitisViral.pdf>. • Petros, Robert, Dr. "How Was Meningitis Discovered?" LIVESTRONG.COM. N.p., 28 Sept. 2010. Web. 13 Feb. 2013. <http://www.livestrong.com/article/252965-how-was- meningitis-discovered/>. • Routh, Kristina. Meningitis. Chicago, IL: Heinemann Library, 2004. Print. • Willett, Edward. Meningitis. Springfield, Nj: Enslow, 1999. Print.