Matter and Its Properties. matter. Everything that takes up space and has mass is Matter This includes: You Your chair Air Everything that you can taste, smell, or touch is matter. What is not matter?. Anything that exists without taking up space. Heat Light Ideas. Mass.
Everything that takes up space and has mass is
Everything that you can taste, smell, or touch is matter.
Anything that exists without taking up space.
Mass is the amount of matter that something contains.
In a solid, the particles are packed together in a tight pattern.
This gives solids an exact shape.
Particles in matter are always moving but in solids they are packed too tightly to move around much so they vibrate instead.
Particles in liquids have more movement.
They take the shape of their container.
A Gas has no definite shape or volume.
The particles are far apart and move fast.
A mixture is two or more substances that are combined without being changed.
A salad is a mixture of solids
Salt water is a mixture of a solid and liquid
Fog is a mixture of water drops and air.
A Solution is a mixture where different kinds of matter are completely mixed with each other.
Solubility is a measure of how much of one material will dissolve in another.
A mixture where some of the ingredients are suspended or floating in the other.
There are more than 100 basic kinds of matter called elements.
Elements are the basic building blocks of matter.
Elements cannot be broken into smaller pieces with ordinary physical or chemical processes.
For example: Rust is a combination of iron and oxygen.
Living and nonliving things are made up of just a few elements combined in different ways.
Each element has its own chemical and physical properties.
These properties can be used to identify each element.
Chemical properties describe how a material changes into other materials.
More than ¾ of the elements are called metals.
Metals have the physical properties of being: