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Matter and Its Properties. matter. Everything that takes up space and has mass is Matter This includes: You Your chair Air Everything that you can taste, smell, or touch is matter. What is not matter?. Anything that exists without taking up space. Heat Light Ideas. Mass.

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Matter and its properties

Matter and Its Properties


Matter
matter

Everything that takes up space and has mass is

Matter

This includes:

You

Your chair

Air

Everything that you can taste, smell, or touch is matter.


What is not matter
What is not matter?

Anything that exists without taking up space.

  • Heat

  • Light

  • Ideas


Matter and its properties
Mass

Mass is the amount of matter that something contains.




All matter is made up of tiny particles
All matter is made up of tiny particles.

  • The more particles an object has, the more mass it has.

  • The more mass it has, the heavier it is.


Physical properties
Physical Properties

An object’s:

  • Mass

  • Look

  • Texture

  • Color

  • State (liquid, solid or gas)

  • Ability to transfer heat/electricity


Volume and density
Volume and Density

  • Volume is the amount of space matter takes up.

  • Density is the amount of matter in an object compared to the space it takes up.



States of matter
States of Matter

  • Solid

  • Liquid

  • Gas

  • Plasma


Solid
Solid

In a solid, the particles are packed together in a tight pattern.

This gives solids an exact shape.

Particles in matter are always moving but in solids they are packed too tightly to move around much so they vibrate instead.


Liquids
Liquids

Particles in liquids have more movement.

They take the shape of their container.


Matter and its properties
Gas

A Gas has no definite shape or volume.

The particles are far apart and move fast.


Plasma
Plasma

  • Similar to gas

  • Some of the particles are ionized (have lost or gained electrons) making it charged

  • It does not have a definite shape or volume unless closed in a container

  • It is the most common state of matter in the universe


Examples of artificially produced plasma
Examples of Artificially Produced Plasma

  • Plasma TV

  • Fluorescent Lamps (made of mercury vapor)

  • Neon Signs


Examples of terrestrial plasma
Examples of Terrestrial Plasma

  • Lightning

  • Aurora Borealis (lights display in the sky of Arctic and Antarctic caused by the collision of energetic charged particles with atoms in the high altitude atmosphere)

  • Most Flames – gaseous part of fire


Examples of astrophysical plasma
Examples of Astrophysical Plasma

  • The sun and other stars (plasma heated by nuclear fusion

  • Solar Wind ( a stream of charged particles ejected from the upper atmosphere of the sun)

  • Interplanetary medium (space between planets)

  • Interstellar medium (space between stars)

  • Intergalactic medium (space between galaxies)



Mixtures
Mixtures

A mixture is two or more substances that are combined without being changed.

Example –

A salad is a mixture of solids

Salt water is a mixture of a solid and liquid

Fog is a mixture of water drops and air.



Solutions
Solutions

A Solution is a mixture where different kinds of matter are completely mixed with each other.

Example:

Salt water

air


Solubility
Solubility

Solubility is a measure of how much of one material will dissolve in another.


Suspension
Suspension

A mixture where some of the ingredients are suspended or floating in the other.


Elements
Elements

There are more than 100 basic kinds of matter called elements.

Elements are the basic building blocks of matter.


Matter and its properties

Elements combine to make up all other kinds of matter.

Elements cannot be broken into smaller pieces with ordinary physical or chemical processes.



Matter and its properties

Most elements are combined to make the things we see. form.

For example: Rust is a combination of iron and oxygen.


Matter and its properties

Living and nonliving things are made up of just a few elements combined in different ways.


Chemical and physical properties of an element
Chemical and Physical Properties of an element elements combined in different ways.

Each element has its own chemical and physical properties.

These properties can be used to identify each element.




Metals
Metals material.

More than ¾ of the elements are called metals.

Metals have the physical properties of being:

  • Shiny

  • Bendable

  • Able to conduct heat/electricity