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APUSH Review: Video #27: The Second Great Awakening (Key Concept 4.1, II, A) Everything You Need To Know About The Second Great Awakening To Succeed In APUSH Shoutout to Ms. McDougall’s Class in Santa Cruz. Best of luck! www.APUSHReview.com
The Second Great Awakening - An Intro • What was it? • Religious revival that spurred reforms in America • When was it? • Early 19th century
The Second Great Awakening - Causes • Changes to society as a result of the market revolution • Social and geographic mobility
The Second Great Awakening - Cane Ridge & Charles G. Finney • Cane Ridge - located in KY • “Camp meeting” - large church gathering of 25,000 people • Charles G. Finney: • Prominent preacher of the Second Great Awakening
The Second Great Awakening - Message • People must readmit God and Jesus into their lives • Must reject rationalism that threatened beliefs • No longer focused on predestination • God’s grace could be obtained through faith and good deeds
The Second Great Awakening - Impacts • New sects or branches of Christianity emerged • Women made up a large portion of converts • Helped spur several reform and other movements: • Moral • Social • Utopian Societies
The Second Great Awakening - Moral Reforms • Temperance: • Crusade against drunkenness • Women played a large role in this movement • Different Temperance organizations emerged in the early-mid 19th century • American Temperance Society (Lyman Beecher) • 1,000s of chapters throughout the US • Aligned with the abolitionist movement • Maine passed the first “dry” law in 1851
The Second Great Awakening - Social Reforms • Education: • 1830s - push for universal education • Horace Mann - “Father of education” • Asylum reform: • Dorothea Dix - hoped to improve the treatment of the mentally ill • Prison reform: • Elimination of imprisonment for debtors
The Second Great Awakening - Utopian Societies • Societies that sought to achieve perfection on earth • Brooke Farm (Massachusetts): • Residents would share in work and leisure • New Harmony: • “Village of cooperation” - residents lived and worked equally • Oneida Community: • Rejected traditional family and gender roles • Practiced “free love”
Quick Recap • 2nd Great Awakening: • Goals and impacts • Moral reforms • Social reforms • Utopian Societies
See You Back Here For Video #28: Women’s Rights Movement & The Seneca Falls Convention • Thanks for watching • Best of luck!