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SSE – 110 Introduction to Social Welfare and Social Work. Chapter 11 Work Related Problems and Social in the Work Place. A Brief History of Work. Today work is held in high esteem. Years ago work was considered drudgery / curse. Today work is dominated by the Protestant Work Ethic.
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SSE – 110Introduction to Social Welfare and Social Work Chapter 11 Work Related Problems and Social in the Work Place
A Brief History of Work • Today work is held in high esteem. • Years ago work was considered drudgery / curse. • Today work is dominated by the Protestant Work Ethic. • Max Weber and the Protestant Ethic (German Sociologist who wrote a famous book) Capitalism was encouraged – see exhibit 11.1. • Work has immense effects on self concept.
Trends in the American Workplace • Increase in White-Collar Workers (in 1900 27% of workers were farm workers. In 2000 only 2% were farmers.) White collar workers were 18% in 1900. In 2000 the number was 60%. • Emergent of an Employee Society (less likely to be self employed). • Even physicians are less self employed. • Specialization (in 1850 there were 323 job titles. Today there are 22,000 job titles. • Changes in the sex and age in the labor force (less older males, more females).
Trends in the American Workplace • Emphasis on Intrinsic Rewards (rewards from the work itself). • Emphasis on high technology (without the skills you are trapped in lower paying positions). • The growth of low paying jobs. • Outsourcing in a global factory (pursue business in a foreign country).
Problems in the Work Setting • Alienation (no meaningful connection with the work). • Present sources of alienation: a. specialization b. automation c. few opportunities to learn d. dissatisfaction with one’s job
Confronting Alienation and Job Dissatisfaction • See case example 11.2 (Hawthorne Effect). Once told you are a part of a study that alone may influence the results of the study. • See page 365 – Ways to Improve Job Satisfaction (i.e.; profit sharing). • Quality circle (see page 364).
Unemployment • The cost of unemployment. • See case example 11.3. • Who are the unemployed? • The unemployment rate is usually between 4% and 11%. • High unemployment groups:
Unemployment • Reasons for the high unemployment rate. • See pages 368 - 369. Factors that Reduce Unemployment • War • Consumers buy more • Development of new products opens up new jobs
Confronting Unemployment • The ideal way to overcome unemployment is through increased economic growth. • The Government is a “last resort” employer. • The Government would subsidize private companies. Occupational Health Hazards • On the job accidents • Work-related illness • Job stress
Social Work in the Workplace • 1800’s – there was a welfare movement in America business. • By 1926, 80% of the 1,500 largest companies had at least one type of welfare program for employees. • EAP programs
The Present Status of Social Work in the Workplace • Employee Assistance Programs • Alcohol Abuse Counseling • Counseling for Emotional Difficulties • Family Counseling • Career Counseling and Education • Retirement Planning • Credit Counseling