Smart Meters/Smart Grid. Kaye Beach Oct 21, 2011. What is a “Smart Meter”. Smart meters are digital devices that collect energy-use data and – unlike traditional meters – transmit and receive data, too.
Oct 21, 2011
Smart meters are digital devices that collect energy-use data and – unlike traditional meters – transmit and receive data, too
Smart meters are a new type electrical meter that will measure your energyusage, like the old ones do now. But, it will send the information back to theutility by wireless signal (radiofrequency/microwave radiation signal)instead of having a utility meter reader come to the property and manually do the monthly electric service reading.
A smart meter is usually an electrical meter that records consumption of electric energy in intervals of an hour or less and communicates that information at least daily back to the utility for monitoring and billing purposes. Smart meters enable two-way communication between the meter and the central system. Unlike home energy monitors, smart meters can gather data for remote reporting.
What is Smart Grid?Smart Grid is the digital and Wi-fi enabled power meters that enable communication between the appliances in your home or business, with the power provider.
This provides you and your utility company with visibility of your energy usage and control over your appliances as well as your usage of gas and water.
Sept. 28, 2011
Oklahoma Gas and Electric (OG&E) is moving ahead with plans to launch a residential demand response program in 2012.
The initiative is aimed at reducing peak energy demand, as well as the need to build new power plants to meet demand. The utility will work with smart-grid firm Silver Spring Networks and demand response technologies provider Energate to roll out the program. Energate will supply smart thermostats through Silver Spring.
Energate’s in-home technologies let customers program their use preferences based on peak pricing signals sent from utilities. Some 40,000 residences are expected to see Energate’s smart thermostats and accessories installed as part of the 2012 rollout.
In addition to the United States, Smart Grid is being implemented in both Canada and Mexico. Planners are working on standards that will integrate all of North America into a single, unified Smart Grid system.
Moreover, there is a serious initiative underway to create a Global Smart Grid that will integrate all the continents on the globe!
The Global Energy Network Institute (GENI) presents this Dymaxion (tm) Map of the world from the perspective of the North Pole that reveals the global grid currently under construction. The only part of planet earth left untouched is Antarctica. The yellow lines represent high-voltage electrical transmission links that are capable of transferring large amounts of energy from continent to continent.
Oklahoma Gas & Electric’s smart grid program
Oklahoma Gas & Electric, the state’s largest utility, began deploying smart grid technology in 2010, starting with smart meters. As of September 2010, approximately 100,000 meters are installed.
The company plans to install smart meters for all of its almost-800,000 customers by the end of 2012.
The current at the plans for smart meters all over the nation will not save enough money or energy to be worth it however, we should expect rates to increase by the way of “critical peak pricing” sometime in the future
From the Wall Street Journal Feb 22, 2010“What Utilities Have Learned From Smart-Meter Tests...And why they aren't putting those lessons to use”
Preventing Rebellions“You could have a real rebellion" if smart meters push up customers' rates, especially if utilities' other capital expenses are increasing”
. . .utility executives and regulators have been reluctant to implement rate plans that penalize people for too much energy use, fearing that if customers associate smart meters with higher bills, they will stall the technology's advance just as it is gaining traction.So, many utilities are trying an approach that is less controversial, but also less effective. . .
Steven Sunderhauf, a program manager for Pepco. "From a purist's standpoint, I may prefer critical peak pricing because it gets the boldest response…but using rebates will help people get comfortable with smart meters
The Public Service Company who is installing the meters in Owasso says no.
Can a customer opt out of the program if the new meter is not wanted?“No, in order to reap the full benefits of AMI from an operational and cost standpoint, AMI needs to be fully deployed throughout the project area. In turn, our operational structure is changing to support the new technology and work practices.”
OG&E customers are also told they have no choice and are being threatened with service disruption if they do not allow installation
The first is from the CCST report- taken directly from EPRI- an energy industry front group.
by Daniel Hirsch
31 January 2011
This one is from Mr. Hirsch’s study (pdf), corrected for whole body, cumulative exposure.
The FCC was assigned by the Environmental Protection Act of 1969 to protect our health from microwave radiation from wireless transmitters like cell towers, WiFi and Smart Grid units.
US safety standards for wireless exposures are now among the weakest in the world.
“The FCC does not have the expertise to evaluate whether the standard (RF safety limits) is appropriate.”
(Julius Knapp, Director of FCC Office of Engineering and Technology in response to Congressman Kucinich’s question whether the FCC’s RF safety standards are appropriate to protect children and vulnerable adults and others at Sept. 25, 2008 Congressional Hearing.)
The Canadian Green Party has reversed its position on smart meters due to health concerns.
There are many advocacy groups formed that center on the health implications of the smart meters/smart grid. Here are just a few;
Smart Meter Safetyhttp://smartmetersafety.com/The EMF Safety Networkhttp://emfsafetynetwork.org/Citizens for Safe Technologyhttp://citizensforsafetechnology.com/...
The more people know about smart meters, the more likely they are to worry about the impact those meters will have on their privacy, according to a new study by the Ponemon Institute, a research organization based in Traverse City, Mich.The More You Know…
Utility companies, by gathering hundreds of billions of data points about us, could reconstruct much of our daily lives -- when we wake up, when we go home, when we go on vacation, perhaps even when we draw a hot bath.
They might sell this information to marketing companies -- perhaps a travel agency will send brochures right when the family vacation is about to arrive.
Law enforcement officials might use this information against us ("Where were you last night? Home watching TV? That's not what the power company says … ").
Divorce lawyers could subpoena the data ("You say you're a good parent, but your children are forced to sleep in 61-degree rooms. For shame ...").
A credit bureau or insurance company could penalize you because your energy use patterns are similar to those of other troublesome consumers. Or criminals could spy the data, then plan home burglaries with fine-tuned accuracy.
Read more from EPIC, the Electronic Privacy Information Center http://epic.org/privacy/smartgrid/smartgrid.html
Granular Smart Meter data: Energy usage over time from Data Access and Privacy Issues Related to Smart Grid Technologies, Megan J. Hertzler, Assistant General Counsel, Xcel Energy
Entities that may seek personal customer information include:
The threats to privacy connected to smart meters lie primarily within the concepts of a right to be left alone
within one’s home and the right to control personal information.
The first right is embedded in the Fourth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution:
The right of the people to be secure in their person, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures, shall not be violated, and no Warrants shall issue, but upon probable cause, supported by Oath or affirmation, and particularly describing the place to be searched, and the persons or things to be seized.
Privacy Implications of Smart Meters By Cheryl DanceyBalough, Balough Law Offices, Chicago, Illinois, 2011
Utilities traditionally own meter data and can use it for a variety of purposes within limits. But smart meter data is qualitatively and quantitatively different than the data collected by traditional meters which only collected the total consumption by kilowatt hours of electricity on a monthly (or even less frequent) basis.
It all boils down to control. Who ultimately gets to decide how a customer’s data is used?
The Department of Energy states;
There also seems to be a broad consensus on perhaps the most critical question in the context of Smart Grid technologies: who should control the extent to which third parties should be able to access CEUD for innovative purposes other than the provision of electrical power?
On this question, almost all proponents of both consumer-ownership rights and consumer-access rights agree: Consumers should decide whether and for what purposes any third-party should be authorized to access or receive CEUD.
With “opt-in” arrangements, the customer initiates the contact with the service provider and approves sharing the usage data with outside third parties
In Texas, lawmakers chose to specify ownership of all meter data in favor of the consumer.
Texas Utilities Code 39.107(b)
All meter data, including all data generated, provided, or otherwise made available, by advanced meters and meter information networks, shall belong to a customer, including data used to calculate charges for service, historical load data, and any other proprietary customer information.
Texas also requires written authorization by the customer before permitting a third party access to their data.
Oklahoma passed a bill last session that outlines how this revealing data is shared
The purpose of this bill is “to establish standards to govern the access to and use of certain electric utility usage data by electric utilities, customers of electric utilities, and third parties.”
This is not a customer data protection law. It is a consumer data access law for the utility companies.
Read the bill http://www.scribd.com/doc/62786738/Oklahoma-HB1079-The-Electric-Usage-Data-Protection-Act
HB 1079 authorizes OG&E and other utility providers in the state the right to share your meter usage data, without your consent, to various third parties for purposes of;
“development, enhancement, marketing, provision of energy-related products and services or promotion of public policy objectives.”
That covers just about every purpose under the sun.
Data use for purposes that are directly related to billing and service is one thing. The utilities and their contractors need data for billing, providing services required by law, or to implement programs directly related to the provision of those services. But “marketing, development, and promotion of public policy objectives” may fall into the category of secondary purposes and seems to throw the privacy barn door wide open.
The Electric Usage Data Protection Act will go into effect on Nov 1, 2011.
PG&E acknowledges SmartMeter problems
April 26 2010
"We have found eight meters out of the 5.5 million meters that we installed where there is an issue with the actual meter accuracy," said Burt.
However, under intense questioning from Sen. Dean Florez, D-Kern County, PG&E confirmed there have been other problems. For example, 9,000 of its SmartMeters have not communicated energy usage back to PG&E, more than 11,300 SmartMeters simply failed to work and another 23,000 SmartMeters were installed improperly.
n Texas, numerous media outlets trumpeted the results of Oncor’s smart meter accuracy testing, saying the meters were accurate. One Texan decided to read the report and found the accuracy wasn’t so perfect after all. This website is one page full of well-cited documentation of smart meter inaccuracies.http://www.defranchiseoncor.org
• California Public Utilities Commission has received more than 2,000 health complaints.
In some states, utility companies have been persuaded to allow customers to opt out.
PG&E Submits Smart Meter Opt-Out, But Wants to Charge for It http://larkspurcortemadera.patch.com/articles/pge-submits-smart-meter-opt-out-but-wants-to-charge-for-it-2
Maine Utilities Must Offer Consumer a Smart Meter Opt Out
The Maine Public Utilities Commission is requiring Central Maine Power (CMP) to offer an opt-out program for customers who do not want a standard smart meter installed. Power consumers in CMP’s service territory will have two opt-out options: they can get a smart meter and have its transmitter turned off or they can retain the existing analog meter
The Hague, Netherlands --- (METERING.COM) --- April 14, 2009 - Smart meters will not be compulsory in the Netherlands, minister of economic affairs Maria van der Hoeven has decided.
Van der Hoeven had intended to make smart meters compulsory, with a refusal to install them punishable with a fine of up to €17,000 or six months in prison. However, after vigorous campaigning by consumer organizations and privacy watchdog groups on privacy concerns with smart meter data it became clear that a majority of parliamentarians would vote against compulsory smart metering. As a result van der Hoeven has backed down and moved to make the installation of smart meters voluntary.
. A report commissioned by the association from the University of Tilburg last November stated that the introduction of smart meters would constitute a violation of the consumers’ right to privacy and the freedom to do as they please within their homes, and consequently would be in breach of the European Convention of Human Rights.
Moreover Consumentenbond maintains, it is not obvious that smart meters would lead to energy saving by consumers.
September 21, 2011
Smart Meter installment began with little warning in some areas of Oklahoma. Since February of 2010 OG&E has already installed 350,000 smart meters. They plan on installing smart meters for nearly 800,000 customers by the end of 2012.
Edmond residents are getting the jump on them and have started a petition drive to allow customers to have a choice in the matter.
From News 9 published Sept 19, 2011
EDMOND, Oklahoma — A group of concerned citizens from Edmond are asking Edmond Electric to avoid a Smart Meter System.
The Smart Meter System is the newest technology available for electric companies. The system is designed to track a customer’s use of electricity without sending a utility worker to review each meter.
Edmond Electric believes the system could help with overall cost and energy efficiency. Not everyone supports the move.
Don Powers is an attorney in Edmond who believes the Smart Meter System is not a smart idea.
If you are an Edmond Electric customer and would like to have a say in the matter you can read and sign the petition online here
STOP SMART METERS
If a utility company installed a Smart Meter on your
property or residence, you can do something about it.