Engineering Science • Available at National 4, National 5, Higher and Advanced Higher ; • National 4 course – internally assessed, externally verified, ie, NO FORMAL EXAM; • National 5 and above – externally assessed, externally verified; • 4 Course Units (3 at Nat5 and above): • Engineering Contexts & Challenges; • Electronics and Control; • Mechanisms and Structures • Added Value Unit (Course Assessment at Nat5 and above). • Learners have to pass all units to attain the course award.
Course Themes • The Systems Approach • Systems and subsystem diagrams • Function of a system in terms of input — process — output and feedback loops • Open and closed loop control • Interaction of sub-systems • Energy and Efficiency • Application of the law of conservation of energy • Calculations involving forms of energy (kinetic, potential, electrical, heat) • Energy transfers, losses and transformations in a system • Energy audits and calculation of overall efficiency • Applied calculations involving efficiency, work done and power, using: • Ew=Fd P=E/t, Ek = ½ mv2Ep = mghEe = VIt Eh = cmΔT Efficiency η = Eout/Ein = Pout/Pin
N5 Unit 1 – Engineering Contexts & Challenges • Engineering Roles and Disciplines • Examples of applications of environmental, civil, structural, mechanical, chemical, electrical and electronic engineering; • Examples of the contribution of branches of engineering to solve engineering challenges that integrate branches of engineering; • The varied roles of engineers in designing, implementing, testing and controlling complex systems. • Impacts of Engineering • Examples of social and economic impacts (positive and negative) of engineering; • Examples of environmental impacts (positive and negative) of engineering; • Ways in which engineering solutions contribute to tackling climate change;
N5 Unit 2 – Electronics and Control • Analogue Electronic Control Systems • Function and purpose within a circuit of: battery; switch; resistor; variable resistor; LDR; thermistor, LED; diode; motor; lamp; ammeter and voltmeter • Description of function of a circuit in terms of input, process and output • Calculations involving the relationship between voltage, current and resistance (Ohms’ Law) • Calculations involving resistors in series and parallel • Calculations of voltage, current and unknown values in a fixed voltage divider • Design of a voltage divider to provide an input signal for a control circuit • Interpretation of information from given tables for an LDR and a thermistor • Function of a relay and a protection diode in an electronic circuit • Explanation of the switching function of a transistor • The operation of an electronic control circuit which includes a variable voltage divider, transistor, relay and output transducer
N5 Unit 2 – Electronics and Control • Digital Electronic Control Systems • AND, OR and NOT gates, and combinations with up to three inputs, using truth tables and Boolean expressions description of function of a circuit in terms of input, process and output • Examples of the use of microcontrollers in commercial and industrial applications calculations involving resistors in series and parallel • Advantages and disadvantages of microcontroller-based control systems compared to a hard-wired electronic equivalent design of a voltage divider to provide an input signal for a control circuit • Use of correct symbols (start, stop, input, output, branch, loop) to construct flowcharts showing solutions to simple control programs, involving time delays, continuous and fixed loops • Use of suitable commands, including high, low, for…next, if…then, pause, end (or their equivalents) to construct programs to solve simple control problems, involving time delays, continuous and fixed loops
N5 Unit 3 – Mechanisms and Structures • Drive Systems • Motion in mechanical systems rotary, linear, reciprocating and oscillating • Simple gear train systems, including idler gears, (diagrams and conventions for representation) • Compound gear trains • Calculation of speed (velocity) ratio of simple and compound gear trains • The effects of friction in drive systems • Appropriate British Standard Symbols • Pneumatics • Symbols and operation of standard pneumatic components (including restrictor, uni-directional restrictor, 5/2 valve and actuators: diaphragm, solenoid) • Pressure decay control circuits • Calculation of relationships between force, pressure and area in single and double acting cylinders • Control of speed and force
N5 Unit 3 – Mechanisms and Structures • Structures and Forces • Examples of effects of a force • Concurrent forces, equilibrium • Use of triangle of forces and free body diagrams • Non-concurrent forces, parallel forces • Moment of a force • Calculations involving the principle of moments • Balance beam, simply supported beam, reaction forces • Materials • Selection of appropriate material for given application, with justification • Calculation of the relationship between direct stress, force and area • Calculation of strain
How’s it Assessed? • The Units can be assessed by students either passing the Combined Assessment or by passing individual “Unit by Unit” Assessments; • Learners then have to complete the Course Assessment.
Course Award (150 Marks, Graded A – D) • Exam • 90 Marks • 90 Minutes • 20 - 30% Marks Relating Unit 1 • 30 - 40% Marks Each Relating to Units 2 and 3 • Pupils will have a Data Booklet to refer to • Section 1 (20 Marks) – Short Answer Questions • Section 2 (70 Marks) – Extended Response Questions
Course Award (150 Marks, Graded A – D) • Course Assessment • 60 Marks • The assignment should clearly demonstrate application of knowledge and skills, at an appropriate level, from both the Mechanisms and Structures and Electronics and Control Units. • Guidelines for the assignment will include a list of questions/tasks/prompts which will lead learners through the task in clear stages. • Marks will be awarded for: • Analysing the problem (10 Marks) • Designing a solution (10 Marks) • Constructing/simulating a solution (20 Marks) • Testing the solution (10 Marks) • Reporting on the solution (10 Marks) • Evidence should include;the completed solution, a record of progress through the assignment (such as an informal electronic log or diary maintained by the learner), a short report on the testing of the solution (in written, electronic and/or oral form)
Course Award (150 Marks, Graded A – D) • Setting, Conducting and Marking of Assessment Question paper • This question paper will be set and marked by SQA, and conducted in centres under conditions specified for external examinations by SQA. • Controlled Assessment — Assignment • The assignment is: • Set by SQA • Conducted under some supervision and control Evidence will be internally marked by centre staff in line with SQA marking instructions. • All marking will be quality assured by SQA. • A bank of assignments will be provided, and there will be choice from this bank.